All Publications


  • Caffeine and Cisplatin Effectively Targets the Metabolism of a Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Cell Line Assessed via Phasor-FLIM. International journal of molecular sciences Pascua, S. M., McGahey, G. E., Ma, N., Wang, J. J., Digman, M. A. 2020; 21 (7)

    Abstract

    Triple-negative tumor cells, a malignant subtype of breast cancer, lack a biologically targeted therapy. Given its DNA repair inhibiting properties, caffeine has been shown to enhance the effectiveness of specific tumor chemotherapies. In this work, we have investigated the effects of caffeine, cisplatin, and a combination of the two as potential treatments in energy metabolism for three cell lines, triple-negative breast cancer (MDA-MB-231), estrogen-receptor lacking breast cancer (MCF7) and breast epithelial cells (MCF10A) using a sensitive label-free approach, phasor-fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (phasor-FLIM). We found that solely using caffeine to treat MDA-MB-231 shifts their metabolism towards respiratory-chain phosphorylation with a lower ratio of free to bound NADH, and a similar trend is seen in MCF7. However, MDA-MB-231 cells shifted to a higher ratio of free to bound NADH when cisplatin was added. The combination of cisplatin and caffeine together reduced the survival rate for MDA-MD231 and shifted their energy metabolism to a higher fraction of bound NADH indicative of oxidative phosphorylation. The FLIM and viability results of MCF10A cells demonstrate that the treatments targeted cancer cells over the normal breast tissue. The identification of energy metabolism alteration could open up strategies of improving chemotherapy for malignant breast cancer.

    View details for DOI 10.3390/ijms21072443

    View details for PubMedID 32244616

  • Fast-Acting Insulin Aspart Use with the MiniMed™ 670G System. Diabetes technology & therapeutics Hsu, L. J., Buckingham, B. A., Basina, M., Ekhlaspour, L., von Eyben, R., Wang, J., Lal, R. A. 2020

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND This study assessed the efficacy and safety of ultra-rapid insulin Fiasp® in the hybrid closed-loop MiniMed™ 670G system. METHODS This was a pilot randomized, double-blinded, cross-over study among established MiniMed™ 670G users comparing percent time in range (TIR) and hypoglycemia for Novolog® and Fiasp®. Following two weeks optimization with their home insulin, participants were randomized to receive Novolog® or Fiasp® for two weeks, followed by the other insulin for the next two weeks. Data from the second week of blinded insulin use was analyzed to allow one week for 670G adaptation. During the second week, individuals were asked to eat the same breakfast for three days to assess differences in meal pharmacodynamics. RESULTS Nineteen adults were recruited with mean age of 40±18 years, diabetes duration of 27±12 years and median HbA1c of 7.1 (6.9,7.5)%, using 0.72 (0.4,1.2) units/kg/day. For Novolog® and Fiasp® respectively the %TIR (70-180mg/dL) was 75.3±9.5 and 78.4 ±9.3; %time <70mg/dL was 3.1±2.1 and 2.3±2.0; %time >180mg/dL was 21.6±9.0 and 19.3±8.9; mean glucose was 147±12 and 146±12mg/dL; coefficient of variation was 28.6±4.5% and 26.8±4.4%; %time in Auto Mode 86.4±9.2 and 84.4±9.2. All comparisons were non-significant for insulin type. Total daily dose (Novolog® 48.8±28.4 vs. Fiasp® 52.4±31.7 units; p=0.01) and daily basal (Novolog® 17.6 (15.5,33.8) vs. Fiasp® 19.1 (15.3,38.5) units; p=0.07) correlated with TIR and %time >180mg/dL. For insulin delivery in Auto Mode there was no statistical difference in total daily dose or daily basal between arms. Paired analysis for matched breakfast meals revealed no significant differences in time to maximum glucose, peak glucose or glucose excursion. CONCLUSIONS In this pilot study the use of either Novolog® or Fiasp® in a commercially available MiniMed™ 670G system operating in Auto Mode resulted in clinically similar glycemic outcomes, with a slight increase in daily insulin requirements using Fiasp®.

    View details for DOI 10.1089/dia.2020.0083

    View details for PubMedID 32520594