Dr. Bae is a dermatologist with Stanford Health Care and a clinical assistant professor of dermatology at Stanford University School of Medicine. He also serves as the assistant chief of quality, experience, and digital health.

Dr. Bae develops comprehensive and compassionate care plans designed to meet the complete medical, surgical, and cosmetic needs of his patients. His clinical interests include prevention and treatment of skin cancer, acne, psoriasis, as well as the full range of general dermatologic skin conditions.

He also focuses on advances in the management of rarer conditions such as Shoshin beriberi, the disease caused by thiamine deficiency, and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. In addition, Dr. Bae has investigated the risks of skin cancer development in organ transplant patients in the United states.

His current research interests include utilizing technology and digital health solutions to expand patients’ access to dermatological care, improving the quality of care delivery, and enhancing the dermatological care experience for patients.

He has co-authored peer reviewed publications on a broad range of topics from managing rare dermatological conditions to the state of diversity within the field of academic dermatology and issues pertaining to dermatology education and mentorship. His work has appeared in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, Journal of the American Medical Association, American Journal of Medicine, Journal of Cutaneous Pathology, and elsewhere.

Dr. Bae has made numerous presentations both in front of national and international audiences on various topics including autoimmune response to facial silicone injections, innovations in the laser treatment of actinic chelitis, scalp melanoma, and many other topics. He has presented at meetings of the American Academy of Dermatology, Cosmetic Surgery Forum, Association of Professors of Dermatology, and elsewhere.

Among his honors, Dr. Bae received an American Academy of Dermatology international travel grant, a Stanford Society of Physician Scholars grant, and the American Academy of Dermatology Transplant Skin Center fellowship.

Dr. Bae is a member of the American Academy of Dermatology, the American Medical Association, and the Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society. He is also the founder of Refresh Bolivia, a non-profit organization serving the public health needs of underprivileged communities in Cochabamba, Bolivia.

Clinical Focus

  • Dermatology

Academic Appointments

Administrative Appointments

  • Assistant Chief of Quality, Experience, and Digital Health, Stanford Department of Dermatology (2020 - Present)

Professional Education

  • Board Certification: American Board of Dermatology, Dermatology (2020)
  • Chief Resident, Stanford University (2020)
  • Residency, Stanford University (2020)
  • Internship, Brigham and Women's Hospital (2017)
  • MD, Harvard Medical School (2016)
  • BA, Harvard College, Summa Cum Laude (2012)

Community and International Work

  • Refresh Bolivia, Cochabamba, Bolivia


    Development of an integrated health center, building ecological toilets, public health education

    Partnering Organization(s)

    SOE Univalle, Fundación Nuqanchik, Serve Abroad, Ford College Community Challenge



    Ongoing Project


    Opportunities for Student Involvement


2023-24 Courses

All Publications

  • Response to "Numbers of Nail Procedures Performed by Physician Assistants and Nurse Practitioners among Medicare Beneficiaries Increased 2013-2021". Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology Shiau, C., Kim, D. Y., Young, P. A., Baker, A., Bae, G. H. 2024

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jaad.2024.04.081

    View details for PubMedID 38992499

  • Dermatology Physician Supply by County-Level Characteristics, 2010-2020. The Journal of investigative dermatology Gui, H., Bae, G. H. 2024

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jid.2024.05.030

    View details for PubMedID 38945436

  • Trends in dermatologic procedures performed by dermatologists and advanced practice clinicians among Medicare beneficiaries from 2012 to 2020. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology Shiau, C., Kim, D. Y., Young, P. A., Baker, A., Bae, G. H. 2024

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jaad.2023.12.061

    View details for PubMedID 38242175

  • Core competencies for dermatology physician assistants: knowledge recommendations from a national survey of dermatologists and physician assistants. Archives of dermatological research Young, P. A., Bae, G. H., Pettey, A. A., Nguyen, A., John, R. Y., McCleskey, P. E. 2023

    View details for DOI 10.1007/s00403-023-02704-4

    View details for PubMedID 37679575

    View details for PubMedCentralID 10366262

  • Prevalence of Contact Allergens in Natural Skin Care Products From US Commercial Retailers. JAMA dermatology Young, P. A., Gui, H., Bae, G. H. 2022

    View details for DOI 10.1001/jamadermatol.2022.3180

    View details for PubMedID 36103164

  • From Tiger Grip to Loma Linda Loop: Helpful ways to cinch knots under traction. Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft = Journal of the German Society of Dermatology : JDDG Young, P. A., Bae, G. H., Loser, C. R. 2022

    View details for DOI 10.1111/ddg.14829

    View details for PubMedID 36099585

  • New-onset pemphigus vegetans and pemphigus foliaceus following SARS-CoV-2 vaccination: a case series. JAAD case reports Gui, H., Young, P. A., Sox, J., Pol-Rodriguez, M., Rieger, K. E., Lewis, M. A., Winge, M. C., Bae, G. H. 2022

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jdcr.2022.07.002

    View details for PubMedID 35845348

  • Concurrent Trypanosoma cruzi and Cytomegalovirus Reactivation in an Immunosuppressed Patient With Limited Cutaneous Systemic Sclerosis. The American Journal of dermatopathology Chang, M. S., Bae, G. H., Almazan, T., Raghavan, S. S., Wang, J. Y., Czech, M. M., Wang, H., Banaei, N., Blackburn, B. G., Novoa, R. A., Rieger, K. E. 2020


    Chagas disease, a multisystem infection caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is primarily found in Latin America. In recent years, prevalence has increased in the United States, where reactivation is the most common clinical scenario. Here, we describe cutaneous reactivation of T. cruzi in a patient with limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis on immunosuppression therapy who simultaneously presented with cytomegalovirus reactivation. Histopathology showed parasitized histiocytes in the superficial and deep dermis. Occasional epidermal keratinocytes were also parasitized, and rare organisms were also seen in the walls of blood vessels. Also noted were viral cytopathic changes within the vascular endothelium, and immunostaining confirmed cytomegalovirus. In this report, we describe the difference in cutaneous findings between reactivated and acute Chagas disease, and we also review the histopathologic features that help distinguish T.cruzi from other intracellular organisms.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/DAD.0000000000001842

    View details for PubMedID 33201010

  • Shoshin beriberi in a patient with oral and cutaneous graft-versus-host disease JAAD Case Reports Hodgkinson, L. M., Shah, A., Bae, G. H., Novoa, R., Kwong, B. Y. 2020; 6 (5): 420-421
  • Sex and Racial/Ethnic Diversity of US Medical Students and Their Exposure to Dermatology Programs. JAMA dermatology Barnes, L. A., Bae, G. H., Nambudiri, V. E. 2019

    View details for PubMedID 30649132

  • Incidence of and Risk Factors for Skin Cancer in Organ Transplant Recipients in the United States. JAMA dermatology Garrett, G. L., Blanc, P. D., Boscardin, J., Lloyd, A. A., Ahmed, R. L., Anthony, T., Bibee, K., Breithaupt, A., Cannon, J., Chen, A., Cheng, J. Y., Chiesa-Fuxench, Z., Colegio, O. R., Curiel-Lewandrowski, C., Del Guzzo, C. A., Disse, M., Dowd, M., Eilers, R., Ortiz, A. E., Morris, C., Golden, S. K., Graves, M. S., Griffin, J. R., Hopkins, R. S., Huang, C. C., Bae, G. H., Jambusaria, A., Jennings, T. A., Jiang, S. I., Karia, P. S., Khetarpal, S., Kim, C., Klintmalm, G., Konicke, K., Koyfman, S. A., Lam, C., Lee, P., Leitenberger, J. J., Loh, T., Lowenstein, S., Madankumar, R., Moreau, J. F., Nijhawan, R. I., Ochoa, S., Olasz, E. B., Otchere, E., Otley, C., Oulton, J., Patel, P. H., Patel, V. A., Prabhu, A. V., Pugliano-Mauro, M., Schmults, C. D., Schram, S., Shih, A. F., Shin, T., Soon, S., Soriano, T., Srivastava, D., Stein, J. A., Sternhell-Blackwell, K., Taylor, S., Vidimos, A., Wu, P., Zajdel, N., Zelac, D., Arron, S. T. 2017; 153 (3): 296-303


    Skin cancer is the most common malignancy occurring after organ transplantation. Although previous research has reported an increased risk of skin cancer in solid organ transplant recipients (OTRs), no study has estimated the posttransplant population-based incidence in the United States.To determine the incidence and evaluate the risk factors for posttransplant skin cancer, including squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), melanoma (MM), and Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) in a cohort of US OTRs receiving a primary organ transplant in 2003 or 2008.This multicenter retrospective cohort study examined 10 649 adult recipients of a primary transplant performed at 26 centers across the United States in the Transplant Skin Cancer Network during 1 of 2 calendar years (either 2003 or 2008) identified through the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) database. Recipients of all organs except intestine were included, and the follow-up periods were 5 and 10 years.Incident skin cancer was determined through detailed medical record review. Data on predictors were obtained from the OPTN database. The incidence rates for posttransplant skin cancer overall and for SCC, MM, and MCC were calculated per 100 000 person-years. Potential risk factors for posttransplant skin cancer were tested using multivariate Cox regression analysis to yield adjusted hazard ratios (HR).Overall, 10 649 organ transplant recipients (mean [SD] age, 51 [12] years; 3873 women [36%] and 6776 men [64%]) contributed 59 923 years of follow-up. The incidence rates for posttransplant skin cancer was 1437 per 100 000 person-years. Specific subtype rates for SCC, MM, and MCC were 812, 75, and 2 per 100 000 person-years, respectively. Statistically significant risk factors for posttransplant skin cancer included pretransplant skin cancer (HR, 4.69; 95% CI, 3.26-6.73), male sex (HR, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.34-1.81), white race (HR, 9.04; 95% CI, 6.20-13.18), age at transplant 50 years or older (HR, 2.77; 95% CI, 2.20-3.48), and being transplanted in 2008 vs 2003 (HR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.22-1.94).Posttransplant skin cancer is common, with elevated risk imparted by increased age, white race, male sex, and thoracic organ transplantation. A temporal cohort effect was present. Understanding the risk factors and trends in posttransplant skin cancer is fundamental to targeted screening and prevention in this population.

    View details for DOI 10.1001/jamadermatol.2016.4920

    View details for PubMedID 28097368

  • Changes in sex and racial diversity in academic dermatology faculty over 20 years. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology Qiu, M. n., Bae, G. H., Khosravi, H. n., Huang, S. J. 2016; 75 (6): 1252–54

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jaad.2016.06.050

    View details for PubMedID 27846947

  • Comparing dermatology referral patterns and diagnostic accuracy between nonphysician providers, physician trainees, and attending physicians. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology Bae, G. H., Hartman, R. I., Joyce, C. n., Mostaghimi, A. n. 2016; 75 (1): 226–27

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jaad.2016.02.1213

    View details for PubMedID 27317525

  • Bilateral Jaw Mycobacterium Abscessus Mimicking Actinomycosis: A Postoperative Complication of Wisdom Teeth Extraction CUREUS JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCE Johanis, M., Cheema, K. S., Young, P. A., Bae, G. H. 2024; 16 (6)
  • Bilateral Jaw Mycobacterium Abscessus Mimicking Actinomycosis: A Postoperative Complication of Wisdom Teeth Extraction. Cureus Johanis, M., Cheema, K. S., Young, P. A., Bae, G. H. 2024; 16 (6): e62336


    The incidence of nontuberculous mycobacteria infections has surged over recent decades. Mycobacterium abscessus is one example that can present unique diagnostic challenges due to its variable antibiotic resistance profile and its clinical similarities to Actinomycoses israelii in postodontogenic infections. The authors report a case of a 22-year-old healthy female presenting with bilateral mandibular nodules following wisdom teeth extraction. After a presumptive diagnosis of actinomycosis, cultures revealed a Mycobacterium abscessus infection susceptible to macrolides. Magnetic resonance imaging depicted bilateral sinus tracts without osteomyelitis. The patient opted for dual antibiotic therapy, consisting of azithromycin and omadacycline, without surgical intervention. Given her clinical and radiographic improvement after three months, the patient elected to continue dual antibiotic therapy for 12 months with appropriate clinical and radiographic monitoring. This case underscores the importance of early microbial cultures to guide diagnosis and treatment, particularly considering Mycobacterium abscessus's similarities with other pathogens and its variable macrolide susceptibility due to genetic mutations. As highlighted in this case, clinicians must successfully differentiate between and appropriately treat various nontuberculous mycobacteria.

    View details for DOI 10.7759/cureus.62336

    View details for PubMedID 39006726

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC11246195

  • Nicolau Syndrome Following Glatiramer Injection in a Middle-Aged Woman. Cureus Youn, G. M., Cheema, K. S., Young, P. A., Bae, G. H. 2024; 16 (2): e53746


    Nicolau syndrome is a rare adverse reaction that can occur in the setting of intramuscular, intravenous, and subcutaneous injections. Proper diagnosis and management are critical to avoid complications including abscesses, muscular atrophy, and necrotizing fasciitis. Here, we report a 55-year-old female with multiple sclerosis who presented to our clinic following a subcutaneous injection of 40mg of glatiramer. She immediately noted a sharp pain and erythema, which developed into a purple discoloration, became purulent, and eventually necrosed. The patient's wound was debrided, and she was advised to clean the wound with soap and water, apply topical mupirocin, and change dressings twice daily. She continued to receive appropriate follow-up care with weekly to bi-weekly debridement with excellent resolution.

    View details for DOI 10.7759/cureus.53746

    View details for PubMedID 38465181

  • Diversity of PA cohorts during the evolution to an entry-level master's degree. JAAPA : official journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants Young, P. A., Griffith, C. F., Ticknor, I. L., McElroy-Brooklyn, J., DiRuggiero, D., Bae, G. H., Froman, R., Kayingo, G. 2024; Published Ahead of Print


    This study evaluated the racial and ethnic diversity of physician associate/assistant (PA) graduating cohorts during the profession's transition from a standard undergraduate degree to an entry-level master's degree.Using all existing program reports from the Physician Assistant Education Association (1985-2019), we explored potential associations between changes in tuition, degree types offered, and racial/ethnic makeup of graduating cohorts.We observed a strong negative association between Black students and graduates versus increasing tuition and the rise of master's level programs.More equitable opportunities for joining the PA profession may be needed.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/01.JAA.0000997688.51073.c2

    View details for PubMedID 38230906

  • Cutaneous Sporotrichosis in a Middle-Aged Female JOURNAL OF THE DERMATOLOGY NURSES ASSOCIATION Young, P. A., Luong, D., Bae, G. H. 2024; 16 (1): 19-20
  • Cutaneous larva migrans in the northeastern US. Dermatology online journal Johanis, M., Cheema, K. S., Young, P. A., Narala, S., Saleem, A., Novoa, R. A., Bae, G. H. 2023; 29 (4)


    Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is a dermo-epidermal parasitic infection with a disproportionate incidence in developing countries, particularly in, and near tropical areas. It is characterized by erythematous, twisting, and linear plaques that can migrate to adjacent skin. Herein, we present an otherwise healthy 45-year-old woman who acquired a pruritic, erythematous, and serpiginous rash localized to her right medial ankle during a trip to New England. Oral ivermectin, the preferred first-line treatment for cutaneous larva migrans, was administered in combination with triamcinolone. This was followed by removal of the papular area via punch biopsy; treatment was successful with a one-week recovery. Although cutaneous larva migrans has traditionally been considered a tropical disease, clinicians should be cognizant of its expanding geographic spread.

    View details for DOI 10.5070/D329461906

    View details for PubMedID 37921817

  • A Review and Update of Emerging and Re-emerging Spirochetal Diseases in the United States PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT CLINICS Young, P. A., Wijesinghe, S., Liepmann, C., Bae, G. H. 2023; 8 (3): 467-481
  • Single-Cell and Spatial Transcriptomic Analysis of Human Skin Delineates Intercellular Communication and Pathogenic Cells. The Journal of investigative dermatology Thrane, K., Winge, M. C., Wang, H., Chen, L., Guo, M. G., Andersson, A., Abalo, X. M., Yang, X., Kim, D. S., Longo, S. K., Soong, B. Y., Meyers, J. M., Reynolds, D. L., McGeever, A., Demircioglu, D., Hasson, D., Mirzazadeh, R., Rubin, A. J., Bae, G. H., Karkanias, J., Rieger, K., Lundeberg, J., Ji, A. L. 2023


    Epidermal homeostasis is governed by a balance between keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation with contributions from cell-cell interactions, but conserved or divergent mechanisms governing this equilibrium across species, and how an imbalance contributes to skin disease, are largely undefined. To address these questions, human skin single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) and spatial transcriptomics (ST) data were integrated and compared to mouse skin data. Human skin cell type annotation was improved by using matched ST data, highlighting the importance of spatial context in cell type identity, and ST refined cellular communication inference. In cross-species analyses, we identified a human spinous keratinocyte subpopulation that exhibited proliferative capacity and a heavy-metal processing signature, which was absent in mouse and may account for species differences in epidermal thickness. This human subpopulation was expanded in psoriasis and zinc-deficiency dermatitis, attesting to disease relevance and suggesting a paradigm of subpopulation dysfunction as a hallmark of disease. To assess additional potential subpopulation drivers of skin diseases, we performed cell-of-origin enrichment analysis within genodermatoses, nominating pathogenic cell subpopulations and their communication pathways, which highlighted multiple potential therapeutic targets. This integrated dataset is encompassed in a publicly available web resource to aid mechanistic and translational studies of normal and diseased skin.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jid.2023.02.040

    View details for PubMedID 37142187

  • Isolated Sixth Nerve Palsies in a Child With Familial Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis Type 2. Journal of neuro-ophthalmology : the official journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society Chiang, H. H., Fernandez-Pol, S., Bae, G. H., Rieger, K. E., Dahmoush, H. M., Beres, S. J. 2023; 43 (1): 137-140


    A previously healthy 2-year-old boy presented with a left sixth cranial nerve palsy. There was a family history of multiple sclerosis and optic neuritis. Neuroimaging showed multiple foci of T2/FLAIR hyperintense signal abnormality in both cerebral hemispheres and in the brainstem. The initial diagnosis was suspicious for demyelinating disease. However, there was no clinical improvement after a course of corticosteroids, and there was no change in his follow-up MRI. He later developed bilateral sixth nerve palsies, with esotropia addressed with bilateral medial rectus botulinum toxin injections. A brain biopsy was planned. However, his 3-month-old sister was separately admitted for fever and pancytopenia. She had markedly elevated ferritin, D-dimer, triglycerides, sIL-2R, CXCL9, and IL-18 and low fibrinogen. Her bone marrow biopsy showed hemophagocytosis. Genetic testing of both siblings revealed biallelic mutations in the PRF1 locus. The final diagnosis of familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis Type 2 was made. Both siblings underwent chemotherapy. The boy's sixth nerve palsies and MRI abnormalities resolved. Both siblings then went on to undergo bone marrow transplant.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/WNO.0000000000001807

    View details for PubMedID 36790062

  • Bullous impetigo on a young man's abdomen. Dermatology online journal Young, P. A., Leeolou, M. C., Narala, S., Saleem, A., Bae, G. H. 2023; 29 (1)


    Bullous impetigo is a variant of epidermal infection by Staphylococcus aureus, representing 30% of impetigo cases. Its clinical appearance may mimic certain autoimmune blistering dermatoses and other cutaneous infections, sometimes necessitating careful evaluation. Herein we present a patient with bullous impetigo in a striking and characteristic appearance and briefly overview the approach to diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

    View details for DOI 10.5070/D329160220

    View details for PubMedID 37040917

  • Primary cutaneous CD4+ small/medium-sized pleomorphic T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder in a young woman. Dermatology online journal Leeolou, M. C., Young, P. A., Saleem, A., Narala, S., Bae, G. H. 2022; 28 (6)


    Primary cutaneous CD4+ small/medium T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (CD4+PCSM-LPD) is a low-grade cutaneous T cell disorder. There is no standardized approach to treatment of CD4+ PCSM-LPD due to its rarity. Herein, we discuss a 33-year-old woman with CD4+PCSM-LPD which resolved after a partial biopsy. We highlight that conservative and local treatment modalities should be considered prior to utilizing more aggressive and invasive treatment options.

    View details for DOI 10.5070/D328659726

    View details for PubMedID 36809093

  • Evanescent, episodic salmon-colored macules in a young woman. JAAD case reports Leeolou, M. C., Young, P. A., Dear, A. L., Narala, S., Saleem, A., Rieger, K. E., Bae, G. H. 2022; 29: 30-32

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jdcr.2022.08.022

    View details for PubMedID 36186409

  • Burning urticarial plaques in a middle-aged woman. JAAD case reports Young, P. A., Saleem, A., Narala, S., Dear, A., Bae, G. H. 2022; 28: 138-141

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jdcr.2022.08.027

    View details for PubMedID 36164387

  • Nontender white papule of the areola in a middle-aged female. JAAD case reports Young, P. A., Narala, S., Brown, R. A., Saleem, A., Rieger, K. E., Bae, G. H. 2022; 27: 6-8

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jdcr.2022.05.047

    View details for PubMedID 35941842

  • Vom Tiger-Griff zur Loma-Linda-Schlaufe: Hilfreiche Techniken zum Knoten unter Zug. Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft = Journal of the German Society of Dermatology : JDDG Young, P. A., Bae, G. H., Löser, C. R. 2022; 20 (9): 1243-1246

    View details for DOI 10.1111/ddg.14829_g

    View details for PubMedID 36162034

  • The Smartphone Hanger A Simple Tool for Recording Live Hands-On Demonstrations JOURNAL OF THE DERMATOLOGY NURSES ASSOCIATION Young, P. A., Bae, G. H. 2022; 14 (3): 131-132
  • The sunscreen for kindergarteners (SKIN) study trial protocol. Contemporary clinical trials Lee, G. H., Bae, G. H., Barnes, L. A., Pol-Rodriguez, M. M., Ransohoff, K. J., Nord, K. M., Lu, Y., Cannell, B., Weitlauf, J. C. 2021: 106480


    BACKGROUND: Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is the major modifiable risk factor for skin cancers. The majority of lifetime UVR exposure occurs before age 20, underscoring an important window for risk reduction. Incorporation of skills-based sunscreen education into school health curricula may foster the development of consistent and effective use of sunscreen among children and youth. We describe the study protocol for a first-of-its-kind study that examined the feasibility of bringing skills-based sunscreen education into kindergarten classrooms.METHODS: Participants were 96 kindergarten students across four classrooms in a single elementary school. A single-blind open-label trial design was used to evaluate the feasibility of incorporating a song-based, video-guided intervention for independent application of sunscreen into the kindergarten curriculum. Students first completed a 10-day no-intervention baseline period, followed by a 10-day intervention period, and then a 10-day randomized follow-up period where students were randomly assigned to continue with the intervention or to revert to the no-intervention condition.OUTCOMES: Feasibility metrics associated with study process, resources, management, scientific outcomes and safety were gathered. The primary outcome was pre-to-post intervention changes in student engagement in the sunscreen task. The secondary outcome was pre-to-post intervention changes in the proportion of exposed skin to which a student applies sunscreen. Teacher and student perceptions of intervention value and utility were also evaluated.DISCUSSION: This is the study protocol for a clinical trial designed to determine the feasibility of implementing a skills-based sunscreen curriculum in kindergarten classrooms. Next steps include evaluation of the intervention for efficacy and effectiveness.CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03752736.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.cct.2021.106480

    View details for PubMedID 34126263

  • Subcorneal pustular dermatosis associated with IgG monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. Dermatology online journal Young, P. A., Bae, G. H., Konia, T. H. 2021; 27 (4)


    Subcorneal pustular dermatosis is a rare chronic relapsing bullous neutrophilic dermatosis. Because it can be associated with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance and multiple myeloma, screening for these conditions is necessary. Herein, we present a case of subcorneal pustular dermatosis, with concurrent monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, successfully treated with acitretin.

    View details for PubMedID 33999577

  • Successful transition to encorafenib following vemurafenib-induced drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms syndrome. JAAD case reports Young, P. A., Keller, L. C., Bae, G. H. 2021; 9: 42–44

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jdcr.2020.12.030

    View details for PubMedID 33644278

  • Reactivation of Chagas Disease in a Patient With an Autoimmune Rheumatic Disease: Case Report and Review of the Literature. Open forum infectious diseases Czech, M. M., Nayak, A. K., Subramanian, K. n., Suarez, J. F., Ferguson, J. n., Jacobson, K. B., Montgomery, S. P., Chang, M. n., Bae, G. H., Raghavan, S. S., Wang, H. n., Miranti, E. n., Budvytiene, I. n., Shoor, S. M., Banaei, N. n., Rieger, K. n., Deresinski, S. n., Holubar, M. n., Blackburn, B. G. 2021; 8 (2): ofaa642


    Reactivation of Chagas disease has been described in immunosuppressed patients, but there is a paucity of literature describing reactivation in patients on immunosuppressive therapies for the treatment of autoimmune rheumatic diseases. We describe a case of Chagas disease reactivation in a woman taking azathioprine and prednisone for limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (lcSSc). Reactivation manifested as indurated and erythematous cutaneous nodules. Sequencing of a skin biopsy specimen confirmed the diagnosis of Chagas disease. She was treated with benznidazole with clinical improvement in the cutaneous lesions. However, her clinical course was complicated and included disseminated CMV disease and subsequent septic shock due to bacteremia. Our case and review of the literature highlight that screening for Chagas disease should be strongly considered for patients who will undergo immunosuppression for treatment of autoimmune disease if epidemiologically indicated.

    View details for DOI 10.1093/ofid/ofaa642

    View details for PubMedID 33575423

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7863873

  • Disseminated non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis with an IRF2BP2-NTRK1 gene fusion identified by next-generation sequencing. JAAD case reports Chan, W. H., Shah, A., Bae, G., Hambro, C., Martin, B. A., Brown, R., Novoa, R., Kwong, B. Y. 2020; 6 (11): 1156–58

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jdcr.2020.05.032

    View details for PubMedID 33134460

  • Angiodestructive lymphomatoid papulosis lasting more than 45years. JAAD case reports Lee, G. H., Bae, G. H., Rieger, K. E., Kim, Y. H., Chiou, A. S. 2019; 5 (9): 767–69

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jdcr.2019.06.027

    View details for PubMedID 31516992

  • Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis: histopathological confirmation despite negative serology. The American journal of medicine Kumar, A. M., Bae, G. H., Besen, J. n., Kwong, B. Y., Rieger, K. E. 2019

    View details for PubMedID 31100285

  • The Reply. The American journal of medicine Kumar, A. M., Bae, G. H., Besen, J. n., Kwong, B. Y., Rieger, K. E. 2019; 132 (11): e812

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.amjmed.2019.07.027

    View details for PubMedID 31779785

  • Pachydermodactyly: case report including clinical and histopathologic diagnostic pitfalls. Journal of cutaneous pathology Barnes, L. A., Bae, G. H., Lewis, M. A., Rieger, K. E. 2018


    Pachydermodactyly is a rare, benign condition characterized by swelling and thickening of the periarticular skin, most commonly at the proximal interphalangeal joints. Diagnosis is routinely made through correlation of clinical, histopathologic, and radiographic findings. Here we report a case of pachydermodactyly in a 25 year-old male, with emphasis on the clinical and histopathologic differential diagnosis and potential diagnostic pitfalls. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

    View details for PubMedID 30221379

  • Gender and Ethnic Diversity in Academic PM&R Faculty: National Trend Analysis of Two Decades AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION Hwang, J., Byrd, K., Nguyen, M. O., Liu, M., Huang, Y., Bae, G. H. 2017; 96 (8): 593–95


    Over the years, a number of studies have demonstrated an increase in gender and ethnic diversity among US physicians. Despite substantial progress in eliminating gender and racial inequities in the field of medicine, women and ethnic minorities are still underrepresented among medical faculty at academic institutions. This study aims to describe the trends in gender and ethnic diversity among Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) faculty through statistical analysis of data describing gender and ethnicity of full-time academic faculty gathered from the Association of American Medical Colleges Faculty Roster from 1994 to 2014. Proportions representing the percentages of females and ethnic minorities of a given faculty position in medical schools were compared across each of the other faculty ranks. Results showed that the average yearly percent increases in the proportion of female PM&R faculty in associate professor (0.68%) and full professor (0.54%) positions were greater than those in instructor (0.30%) and assistant professor (0.35%) positions. In contrast, the average yearly percent increase in the proportion of non-Caucasian PM&R faculty in full professor positions (0.19%) was less than those in instructor (0.84%), assistant (0.93%), and associate professor (0.89%) positions. Overall, trends among faculty exhibit a steady increase in gender and ethnic diversity, although promotion disparity continues to exist among specific academic positions for some groups. This study provides a current perspective on recent changes in diversity among faculty in PM&R and may prove useful when defining strategies to improve workforce diversity.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/PHM.0000000000000716

    View details for Web of Science ID 000405783800011

    View details for PubMedID 28169861

  • Creation and evaluation of a topical steroid therapy educational video for atopic dermatitis Bae, G., Nambudiri, V., Garibyan, L., Huang, S. MOSBY-ELSEVIER. 2016: AB86
  • Changes in Sex and Ethnic Diversity in Dermatology Residents Over Multiple Decades. JAMA dermatology Bae, G. n., Qiu, M. n., Reese, E. n., Nambudiri, V. n., Huang, S. n. 2016; 152 (1): 92–94

    View details for DOI 10.1001/jamadermatol.2015.4441

    View details for PubMedID 26605972

  • Ethnic and Gender Diversity in Hand Surgery Trainees JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME Bae, G. H., Lee, A. W., Park, D. J., Maniwa, K., Zurakowski, D., Day, C. S., ASSH Diversity Comm 2015; 40 (4): 790–97


    To evaluate whether the lack of diversity in plastic and orthopedic surgery persists into hand surgery through assessment of trainee demographics.Demographic data were obtained from compilations on graduate medical education by the Journal of the American Medical Association. Ethnic diversity was assessed using the proportions of minority trainees. We analyzed the trends in ethnic diversity in hand, orthopedic, and plastic surgery from 1995 to 2012 by evaluating changes in proportions of African American, Hispanic, and Asian trainees. In addition, we compared the proportions of minority trainees in various surgical specialties during 2009 to 2012. Trends in gender diversity were similarly analyzed using the proportions of female trainees.During 1995 to 2012, the proportions of minority and female trainees increased significantly in the fields of orthopedic, plastic, and hand surgery. To assess the current state of diversity in various specialties, we compared minority and female population proportions using pooled 2009 to 2012 data. The percentage of non-Caucasian trainees in hand surgery was significantly higher than that in orthopedic sports medicine and orthopedic surgery and significantly lower than in general surgery. The percentage of female trainees in hand surgery was significantly higher than that in orthopedic sports medicine and orthopedic surgery and significantly lower than in plastic and general surgery.Ethnic and gender diversity in hand surgery increased significantly between 1995 and 2012. Women constitute a fifth of hand surgery trainees. Efforts to increase diversity should be further pursued using proven strategies and innovating new ones.Diversity in the medical field has shown to be a beneficial factor in many aspects including research productivity and patient care. Understanding how the field of hand surgery has changed with regard to the diversity of its trainees may aid in providing more equitable and effective health care.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jhsa.2014.10.065

    View details for Web of Science ID 000352521000024

    View details for PubMedID 25639841

  • Rapidly progressive nonuremic calciphylaxis in the setting of warfarin. The American journal of medicine Bae, G. H., Nambudiri, V. E., Bach, D. Q., Danziger, J. n., Faulkner-Jones, B. n., McMahon, C. n., Huang, S. J. 2015; 128 (10): e19–21

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.amjmed.2015.05.049

    View details for PubMedID 26164564



    Bibliometric analyses of the hand and wrist research have previously shown a significant increase in research productivity in Asia. We examined the key contributors to this change by performing bibliometric analyses regarding hand and wrist research in all Asian countries producing significant research. Original research articles from 1988 to 2007 were collected from seven English language journals based on the impact factor. Trends in research productivity were determined by country using linear regression analysis. Compared to the rest of the world, Asia produced fewer level I and basic studies, but more level IV studies. Significant increase in both research volume and productivity in Asia was observed, with Japan, Korea, and Taiwan having the highest aggregate productivity in hand and wrist research. From 1988 to 2007, the relative research production among Asian countries showed significant change, in contrary to that of Europe, Latin American, and the United States.

    View details for DOI 10.1142/S0218810414500221

    View details for Web of Science ID 000216855400010

    View details for PubMedID 24875505

  • Acetic acid iontophoresis for recalcitrant scarring in post-operative hand patients. Journal of hand therapy : official journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists Dardas, A. n., Bae, G. H., Yule, A. n., Wright, J. n., Straughn, N. n., Day, C. S. 2013; 27 (1): 44–48


    Retrospective cohort comparison.Using acetic acid iontophoresis (AAI) as a treatment modality significantly improved the functionality of hand in patients with recalcitrant scarring.Open trigger finger release patients followed up exclusively at a hand clinic between 2009 and 2011 were analyzed. Group I recovered optimal total active range of motion (TAM) after 14 standard of care (SOC) therapy sessions but Group II (10 digits) could only reach optimal recovery after 7 additional AAI sessions.After SOC therapy, Group I's TAM recovery plateaued at 245 and Group II's at 219 (p < 0.01). After undergoing AAI, the TAM of Group II increased from 219 to 239 (p < 0.01).Clinical studies suggest that AAI can modify collagen structure in scars. AAI could be a novel non-surgical treatment for restoring functionality to areas affected by difficult, recalcitrant scars.AAI significantly improved the TAM of hand surgical patients who could not recover optimally with SOC therapy alone.Level 3.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jht.2013.10.008

    View details for PubMedID 24373451

  • Topical Steroid Therapy Educational Video for Eczema. Dermatitis : contact, atopic, occupational, drug Bae, G. H., Nambudiri, V. E., Garibyan, L. n., Sanford, S. n., Huang, S. J. ; 27 (3): 157–58

    View details for DOI 10.1097/DER.0000000000000188

    View details for PubMedID 27172318