Discovery and Characterization of Antibody Probes of Module 2 of the 6-Deoxyerythronolide B Synthase.
Fragment antigen-binding domains of antibodies (Fabs) are powerful probes of structure-function relationships of assembly line polyketide synthases (PKSs). We report the discovery and characterization of Fabs interrogating the structure and function of the ketosynthase-acyltransferase (KS-AT) core of Module 2 of the 6-deoxyerythronolide B synthase (DEBS). Two Fabs (AC2 and BB1) were identified to potently inhibit the catalytic activity of Module 2. Both AC2 and BB1 were found to modulate ACP-mediated reactions catalyzed by this module, albeit by distinct mechanisms. AC2 primarily affects the rate (kcat), whereas BB1 increases the KM of an ACP-mediated reaction. A third Fab, AA5, binds to the KS-AT fragment of DEBS Module 2 without altering either parameter; it is phenotypically reminiscent of a previously characterized Fab, 1B2, shown to principally recognize the N-terminal helical docking domain of DEBS Module 3. Crystal structures of AA5 and 1B2 bound to the KS-AT fragment of Module 2 were solved to 2.70 and 2.65 A resolution, respectively, and revealed entirely distinct recognition features of the two antibodies. The new tools and insights reported here pave the way toward advancing our understanding of the structure-function relationships of DEBS Module 2, arguably the most well-studied module of an assembly line PKS.
View details for DOI 10.1021/acs.biochem.3c00156
View details for PubMedID 37184546