As the Geoscience Specimen Collection Curator and Manager, I oversee the growth, long-term preservation, enhancement, and access to a significant collection of rock, mineral, fossil, and other geological samples housed in the Stanford Doerr School of Sustainability. These collections support research and teaching at Stanford and beyond.

Current Role at Stanford

Geoscience Specimen Collection Curator and Manager

Education & Certifications

  • Certificate, Florida Atlantic University, GIS (2008)
  • BS, Florida Atlantic University, Geography (2008)
  • BA, Florida Atlantic University, Geology (2008)
  • MS, Florida Atlantic University, Geology (2016)

Work Experience

  • Collection Manager, Geology Department, California Academy of Sciences (May 2014 - November 2022)


    San Francisco

Professional Affiliations and Activities

  • Research Associate, California Academy of Sciences, Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability, Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Geology (2022 - Present)

All Publications

  • Nucella demouthae, a new Late Miocene muricid gastropod from Northern California, U.S.A. Paleobios Powell, II, C. L., Roth, B., Garcia, C. N. 2023; 40 (12)

    View details for DOI 10.5070/P9411257951

  • A new Lyropecten (Pectinidae, Bivalvia, Mollusca) from the central California Miocene, USA A new Lyropecten (Pectinidae, Bivalvia, Mollusca) from the central California Miocene, USA Powell, II, C. L., Millard, C. D., Garcia, C. N. 2020; 37

    View details for DOI 10.5070/p9371047813

  • Quantifying the dark data in museum fossil collections as palaeontology undergoes a second digital revolution BIOLOGY LETTERS Marshall, C. R., Finnegan, S., Clites, E. C., Holroyd, P. A., Bonuso, N., Cortez, C., Dayis, E., Dietl, G. P., Druckenmiller, P. S., Eng, R. C., Garcia, C., Estes-Smargiassi, K., Hendy, A., Hollis, K. A., Little, H., Nesbitt, E. A., Roopnarine, P., Skibinski, L., Vendetti, J., White, L. D. 2018; 14 (9)


    Large-scale analysis of the fossil record requires aggregation of palaeontological data from individual fossil localities. Prior to computers, these synoptic datasets were compiled by hand, a laborious undertaking that took years of effort and forced palaeontologists to make difficult choices about what types of data to tabulate. The advent of desktop computers ushered in palaeontology's first digital revolution-online literature-based databases, such as the Paleobiology Database (PBDB). However, the published literature represents only a small proportion of the palaeontological data housed in museum collections. Although this issue has long been appreciated, the magnitude, and thus potential significance, of these so-called 'dark data' has been difficult to determine. Here, in the early phases of a second digital revolution in palaeontology--the digitization of museum collections-we provide an estimate of the magnitude of palaeontology's dark data. Digitization of our nine institutions' holdings of Cenozoic marine invertebrate collections from California, Oregon and Washington in the USA reveals that they represent 23 times the number of unique localities than are currently available in the PBDB. These data, and the vast quantity of similarly untapped dark data in other museum collections, will, when digitally mobilized, enhance palaeontologists' ability to make inferences about the patterns and processes of past evolutionary and ecological changes.

    View details for DOI 10.1098/rsbl.2018.0431

    View details for Web of Science ID 000446255400011

    View details for PubMedID 30185609

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC6170754