All Publications

  • A critical review on the formation, fate and degradation of the persistent organic pollutant hexachlorocyclohexane in water systems and waste streams CHEMOSPHERE Adithya, S., Jayaraman, R., Krishnan, A., Malolan, R., Gopinath, K., Arun, J., Kim, W., Govarthanan, M. 2021; 271: 129866


    The environmental impacts of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) is an increasingly prominent topic in the scientific community. POPs are stable chemicals that are accumulated in living beings and can act as endocrine disruptors or carcinogens on prolonged exposure. Although efforts have been taken to minimize or ban the use of certain POPs, their use is still widespread due to their importance in several industries. As a result, it is imperative that POPs in the ecosystem are degraded efficiently and safely in order to avoid long-lasting environmental damage. This review focuses on the degradation techniques of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), a pollutant that has strong adverse effects on a variety of organisms. Different technologies such as adsorption, bioremediation and advanced oxidation process have been critically analyzed in this study. All 3 techniques have exhibited near complete removal of HCH under ideal conditions, and the median removal efficiency values for adsorption, bioremediation and advanced oxidation process were found to be 80%, 93% and 82% respectively. However, it must be noted that there is no ideal HCH removal technique and the selection of removal method depends on several factors. Furthermore, the fates of HCH in the environment and challenges faced by HCH degradation have also been explained in this study. The future scope for research in this field has also received attention.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.129866

    View details for Web of Science ID 000633464400118

    View details for PubMedID 33736213

  • Photocatalytic reforming of aqueous phase obtained from liquefaction of household mixed waste biomass for renewable bio-hydrogen production BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY Rajagopal, J., Gopinath, K., Krishnan, A., Madhav, N., Arun, J. 2021; 321: 124529


    In this study, hydrothermal liquefaction of household waste was performed to produce valuable liquid hydrocarbons with aqueous phase as by-product. Photocatalytic reforming of aqueous phase was carried out for hydrogen production. Liquefaction of 15 g waste at temperature of 320 °C and solvent to biomass ratio of 13.33 mL/g produced bio-oil of 32.4 wt% and hydrogen 21 wt% in gas product. Hydrogen production from aqueous phase was studied in presence of various concentrations of activated carbon doped Fe/TiO2 catalyst (0.2-1 wt%). Hydrogen yield was 32 wt% when 0.6 wt% of catalyst was used to reform aqueous phase. To ease of operation in economical manner the reusability study of the catalyst was evaluated and it was found to be active for three consecutive cycles. As outcome of this study, household waste can serve for a whooping amount of hydrogen (53 wt%) production via liquefaction and photocatalytic reforming process.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.biortech.2020.124529

    View details for Web of Science ID 000604215700012

    View details for PubMedID 33321296

  • Bioenergy perspectives of cattails biomass cultivated from municipal wastewater via hydrothermal liquefaction and hydro-deoxygenation Arun, J., Gopinath, K., Sivaramakrishnan, R., Madhav, N., Abhishek, K., Ramanan, V., Pugazhendhi, A. ELSEVIER SCI LTD. 2021
  • A Review on Recent Trends in Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites for Environmental Applications CURRENT ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY Gopinath, K., Rajagopal, M., Krishnan, A., Sreerama, S. 2021; 17 (2): 202-243
  • A critical review on the influence of energy, environmental and economic factors on various processes used to handle and recycle plastic wastes: Development of a comprehensive index JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION Gopinath, K., Nagarajan, V., Krishnan, A., Malolan, R. 2020; 274
  • Present applications of titanium dioxide for the photocatalytic removal of pollutants from water: A review JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Gopinath, K., Madhav, N., Krishnan, A., Malolan, R., Rangarajan, G. 2020; 270: 110906


    The evolution of modern technology and industrial processes has been accompanied by an increase in the utilization of chemicals to derive new products. Water bodies are frequently contaminated by the presence of conventional pollutants such as dyes and heavy metals, as well as microorganisms that are responsible for various diseases. A sharp rise has also been observed in the presence of new compounds heretofore excluded from the design and evaluation of wastewater treatment processes, categorized as "emerging pollutants". While some are harmless, certain emerging pollutants possess the ability to cause debilitating effects on a wide spectrum of living organisms. Photocatalytic degradation has emerged as an increasingly popular solution to the problem of water pollution due to its effectiveness and versatility. The primary objective of this study is to thoroughly scrutinize recent applications of titanium dioxide and its modified forms as photocatalytic materials in the removal and control of several classes of water pollutants as reported in literature. Different structural modifications are used to enhance the performance of the photocatalyst such as doping and formation of composites. The principles of these modifications have been scrutinized and evaluated in this review in order to present their advantages and drawbacks. The mechanisms involved in the removal of different pollutants through photocatalysis performed by TiO2 have been highlighted. The factors affecting the mechanism of photocatalysis and those affecting the performance of different TiO2-based photocatalysts have also been thoroughly discussed, thereby presenting a comprehensive view of all aspects involved in the application of TiO2 to remediate and control water pollution.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110906

    View details for Web of Science ID 000554920300086

    View details for PubMedID 32721341

  • Ionic liquids, deep eutectic solvents and liquid polymers as green solvents in carbon capture technologies: a review ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS Krishnan, A., Gopinath, K., Vo, D. N., Malolan, R., Nagarajan, V., Arun, J. 2020; 18 (6): 2031-2054