- Therapy-related myeloid neoplasms after treatment for plasma-cell disorders BEST PRACTICE & RESEARCH CLINICAL HAEMATOLOGY 2019; 32 (1): 54–64
Therapy-related myeloid neoplasms after treatment for plasma-cell disorders.
Best practice & research. Clinical haematology
2019; 32 (1): 54–64
Therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN), including therapy-related acute myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndrome, are second primary malignancies (SPM) that are of growing importance as patients with plasma cell disorders (PCD) such as multiple myeloma (MM) are living longer with more effective therapies. Both patient-specific and treatment-specific factors likely impact the risk of t-MN development after diagnosis and treatment of PCD. Alkylating chemotherapy, especially melphalan, has been strongly tied to the risk of t-MN. More recently, there has been a shift away from long-term alkylating therapies to immunomodulatory agents and high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell transplant (HD-ASCT). This shift has led to improved survival and long-term outcomes for most MM patients. However, the risks of t-MN remain despite the improved efficacy of these treatments, and patients who develop t-MN have a poor prognosis. Understanding the risk factors predisposing MM patients to t-MN can thus help to tailor individualized therapy to maximize anti-myeloma efficacy and minimize the risks of t-MN.
View details for PubMedID 30927976
- Cutaneous plasmablastic plasmacytoma. Blood 2019; 134 (23): 2116
Ground-glass opacity heralding invasive lung adenocarcinoma with prodromal dermatomyositis: a case report
JOURNAL OF CARDIOTHORACIC SURGERY
2018; 13: 20
Dermatomyositis, an inflammatory myopathy with cutaneous involvement, is associated with malignancy and often manifests paraneoplastically. While co-occurrence with small cell carcinoma is well attested, primary lung adenocarcinoma, which may present as focal ground-glass opacification on computed tomography of the thorax, is less frequently coincident.We report the case of a 72-year-old female patient with dermatomyositis - treated with a combination of prednisone, methotrexate, and intravenous immunoglobulin - and an indolent, subsolid, non-hypermetabolic pulmonary lesion, which was determined to be invasive primary lung adenocarcinoma. Supporting a paraneoplastic basis, immunosuppressive therapy was discontinued following tumor excision without relapse of signs or symptoms of dermatomyositis.While dermatomyositis prodromal to lung adenocarcinoma is not without precedent, association with an indolent, subsolid lesion has, to the best of our knowledge, not been reported. The case described herein illustrates the importance of maintaining a high index of suspicion for malignancy in the setting of dermatomyositis.
View details for PubMedID 29415746
A novel TRIP11-FLT3 fusion in a patient with a myeloid/lymphoid neoplasm with eosinophilia
2017; 216: 10–15
FLT3 fusions are associated with myeloid and lymphoid neoplasms with eosinophilia. We describe a patient presenting with clinicopathologic features of both chronic eosinophilic leukemia, not otherwise specified (CEL, NOS) and systemic mastocytosis (SM). The bone marrow demonstrated a myeloproliferative neoplasm with eosinophilia and aggregates of atypical mast cells. Cytogenetic analysis revealed a t(13;14)(q12;q32), which was subsequently molecularly characterized as a novel TRIP11-FLT3 rearrangement. A KIT D816V mutation was also identified. The patient rapidly transformed to T-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma and expired shortly after diagnosis. This is the fifth FLT3 fusion gene described in the literature; the presence of both myeloid and lymphoid neoplasms implicates involvement of an early hematopoietic progenitor by rearranged FLT3. We suggest that leukemias and lymphomas with FLT3 fusion genes exhibit similar clinicopathologic features to, and should be included in, the WHO category of "Myeloid and lymphoid neoplasms with eosinophilia and abnormalities of PDGFRA, PDGFRB, or FGFR1, or with PCM1-JAK2."
View details for PubMedID 29025582