Alice Milivinti is Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Stanford University School of Medicine at Center for Population Health Sciences. Her primary interest is to bring economic thinking and econometric techniques to answer Public Health questions. Her primary research interest is on the causal impact of economic and fiscal policies on life-cycle health outcomes. She works with Dr. Rehkopf D. on trying to uncover the causal impact of the New Deal programs and the Earned Income Tax Credit. She is co-PI with Dr. Athey S. on a Spectrum PHS Pilot Grant, which aims to develop a surrogate health index of short-term indicators to evaluate the impact of social policies on longer-term health outcomes. She is also a Fellow of Dr. Carstensen L. New Map of Life Project at the Stanford Center on Longevity, where she investigates the disruptive potential of longer lives on work. Her secondary research interest is on environmental epidemiology. She is a co-investigator of the Spectrum PHS Pilot Grant with Dr. Benini G. and Dr. Brant A. for studying the health effects of upstream methane emission (flaring and venting) from the oil and gas sector.
Doctor of Philosophy, University of Geneva, Demography (2018)
Master of Science, University of Geneva, Economics (2013)
Bachelor of Arts, University of Bologna, International Studies (2010)
Carbon implications of marginal oils from market-derived demand shocks.
2021; 599 (7883): 80-84
Expanded use of novel oil extraction technologies has increased the variability of petroleum resources and diversified the carbon footprint of theglobal oil supply1. Past life-cycle assessment (LCA) studies overlooked upstream emission heterogeneity by assuming that a decline in oil demand will displace average crude oil2. We explore the life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions impacts of marginal crude sources, identifying the upstream carbon intensity (CI) of the producers most sensitive to an oil demand decline (for example, due to a shift to alternative vehicles). We link econometric models of production profitability of 1,933 oilfields (~90% of the 2015 world supply) with their production CI. Then, we examine their response to a decline in demand under three oil market structures. According to our estimates, small demand shocks have different upstream CI implications than large shocks. Irrespective of the market structure, small shocks (-2.5% demand) displace mostly heavy crudes with ~25-54% higher CI than that of theglobal average. However, this imbalance diminishes as the shocks become bigger and if producers with market power coordinate their response to a demand decline. The carbon emissions benefits of reduction in oil demand are systematically dependent on the magnitude of demand drop and the global oil market structure.
View details for DOI 10.1038/s41586-021-03932-2
View details for PubMedID 34732864