All Publications

  • Development and Testing of a Question Prompt List for Common Hand Conditions: An Exploratory Sequential Mixed-Methods Study. The Journal of hand surgery Satteson, E. S., Roe, A. K., Eppler, S. L., Yao, J., Shapiro, L. M., Kamal, R. N. 2020


    PURPOSE: A question prompt list (QPL) is a tool that lists possible questions a patient may want to ask their surgeon. Its purpose is to improve patient-physician communication and increase patient engagement. Although QPLs have been developed in other specialties, one does not exist for hand conditions. We sought to develop a QPL for use in the hand surgery clinic using a mixed-methods design.METHODS: We drafted a QPL based on prior work outside of hand surgery and then used an exploratory sequential mixed-methods design (both qualitative and quantitative methods) to finalize the QPL. Qualitative evaluation included both a written questionnaire completed by a patient advisory board, hand therapists, and hand surgeons, as well as cognitive interviews conducted with clinic patients using the tool. Revisions to the QPL were made after each phase of qualitative analysis. The final QPL was then evaluated quantitatively using the system usability score (SUS) questionnaire to assess its usability.RESULTS: A patient advisory board consisting of 6 patients, 5 hand therapists, and 6 hand surgeons completed the written questionnaire. Thirteen patients completed a cognitive interview of the QPL. We completed a content analysis of the qualitative data and incorporated the findings into the QPL. Twenty patients then reviewed the final QPL pamphlet and completed the SUS questionnaire. The resulting SUS score of 78.8 indicated above-average usability of the QPL tool.CONCLUSIONS: The QPL developed in this study, from the perspective of multiple stakeholders, provides a usable tool to engage and prompt patients in asking questions during their visit with their hand surgeon with the potential to improve communication and patient-centered care.CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study provides clinicians with a QPL developed for use in the hand surgery clinic setting, aimed at facilitating more thorough patient-provider discussion.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jhsa.2020.05.015

    View details for PubMedID 32693988

  • Clinical and Patient-Reported Outcomes After Hybrid Russe Procedure for Scaphoid Nonunion. Hand (New York, N.Y.) Shapiro, L. M., Roe, A. K., Kamal, R. N. 2020: 1558944720911214


    Background: Hybrid Russe technique for the treatment of scaphoid nonunion with humpback deformity has been described with a reported 100% union rate. We sought to evaluate the reproducibility of this technique. Methods: We completed a retrospective chart review of patients with a scaphoid waist nonunion and humpback deformity treated with the hybrid Russe technique from 2015 to 2019 with a minimum of 3-month follow-up. Twenty patients with 21 nonunions were included (mean follow-up: 7.0 months). Scapholunate angle was the primary outcome measure. Secondary outcomes included: intrascaphoid angle, radiolunate angle, pain on the visual analog scale (VAS), and Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH) score. Other variables included: time to computed tomography (CT) union, range of motion, and complications. Descriptive statistics were presented. Pre- and postoperative angles, VAS, and QuickDASH scores were evaluated with Wilcoxon signed rank tests. Results: The mean scapholunate angle improved -17.6° ± 6.4°. The mean intrascaphoid angle improved 28.2° ± 6.3°. The mean radiolunate angle improved 12.8° ± 8.8°. Of the 21 scaphoids, 20 (95%) demonstrated union on a CT scan. One patient was diagnosed with a nonunion. In total, 90% of patients noted symmetric range of motion compared with the contralateral side. The mean VAS pain score improved 6 ± 3 points. The mean QuickDASH score improved 10 ± 8 points. Complications (aside from nonunion) included 1 patient with persistent wrist pain that resolved with removal of hardware. Conclusions: The hybrid Russe technique for the treatment of scaphoid nonunions with humpback deformity demonstrates a 95% union rate. This technique is effective, reproducible, and may serve as an alternative to techniques that include structural grafts from distant sites.

    View details for DOI 10.1177/1558944720911214

    View details for PubMedID 32188288

  • Performance Metrics in Hand Surgery: Turning a Blind Eye Will Cost You. The Journal of hand surgery Roe, A. K., Gil, J. A., Kamal, R. N. 2019


    The Medicare Access and Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act established the Quality Payment Program (QPP), which mandates that physicians who meet the threshold in volume of Medicare patients for whom they care participate in this program through either advanced Alternative Payment Models or the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System. Anticipating physicians' concerns regarding the burden of implementing the QPP, feedback from physicians became a critical component of the continued implementation process in 2018. The purpose of this review is to inform hand surgeons regarding the current QPP (early 2019) and for future observation periods.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jhsa.2019.09.011

    View details for PubMedID 31740263

  • Financial Distress Is Associated With Delay in Seeking Care for Hand Conditions. Hand (New York, N.Y.) Zhuang, T., Eppler, S. L., Shapiro, L. M., Roe, A. K., Yao, J., Kamal, R. N. 2019: 1558944719866889


    Background: As medical costs continue to rise, financial distress due to these costs has led to poorer health outcomes and patient cost-coping behavior. Here, we test the null hypothesis that financial distress is not associated with delay of seeking care for hand conditions. Methods: Eighty-seven new patients presenting to the hand clinic for nontraumatic conditions completed our study. Patients completed validated instruments for measuring financial distress, pain catastrophizing, and pain. Questions regarding delay of care were included. The primary outcome was self-reported delay of the current hand clinic visit. Results: Patients who experience high financial distress differed significantly from those who experience low financial distress with respect to age, race, annual household income, and employment status. Those experiencing high financial distress were more likely to report having delayed their visit to the hand clinic (57% vs 30%), higher pain catastrophizing scores (17.7 vs 7.6), and higher average pain in the preceding week (4.5 vs 2.3). After adjusting for age, sex, and pain, high financial distress (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 4.90) and pain catastrophizing score (adjusted OR = 0.96) were found to be independent predictors of delay. Financial distress was highly associated with annual household income in a multivariable linear regression model. Conclusions: Patients with nontraumatic hand conditions who experience higher financial distress are more likely to delay their visit to the hand clinic. Within health care systems, identification of patients with high financial distress and targeted interventions (eg, social or financial services) may help prevent unnecessary delays in care.

    View details for DOI 10.1177/1558944719866889

    View details for PubMedID 31409138

  • A technique for anchor plug salvage in the setting of a cold welded taper adapter following compress implant failure ANNALS OF JOINT Campbell, S. T., Roe, A. K., Avedian, R. S. 2019; 4 (8)