Professional Education

  • M.B.A., Carnegie Mellon University, Biomedical Entrepreneurship (2020)
  • M.D., Chicago Medical School, Medicine (2014)
  • M.H.A., Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine & Science, Healthcare Administration & Management (2011)
  • M.S., Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine & Science, Biological Sciences (2010)
  • B.S., Southern Methodist University, Biology/Chemistry (2006)

All Publications

  • Atezolizumab Treatment of Tumors with High Tumor Mutational Burden from MyPathway, a Multicenter, Open-Label, Phase IIa Multiple Basket Study. Cancer discovery Friedman, C. F., Hainsworth, J. D., Kurzrock, R., Spigel, D. R., Burris, H. A., Sweeney, C. J., Meric-Bernstam, F., Wang, Y., Levy, J., Grindheim, J., Shames, D. S., Schulze, K., Patel, A., Swanton, C. 2022; 12 (3): 654-669


    High tumor mutational burden (TMB-H) correlates with improved immunotherapy response. We assessed atezolizumab 1,200 mg every 3 weeks for TMB-H tumors from MyPathway (NCT02091141), a phase IIa multibasket study. One hundred twenty-one patients had advanced solid tumors with TMB ≥10 mut/Mb by any Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)-certified assay. The preplanned primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR) in patients with TMB ≥16 mut/Mb tumors by FoundationOne TMB testing [F1(CDx)]. Patients with F1(CDx) TMB ≥10 and <16 mut/Mb were also evaluated. Ninety patients with 19 tumor types and F1(CDx) TMB ≥10 mut/Mb were efficacy evaluable. In 42 patients with F1(CDx) TMB ≥16 mut/Mb, confirmed ORR was 38.1% [16/42; 95% confidence interval (CI), 23.6-54.4], and disease control rate was 61.9% (26/42; 95% CI, 45.6-76.4) versus 2.1% (1/48; 95% CI, 0.1-11.1) and 22.9% (11/48; 95% CI, 12.0-37.3) for 48 patients with TMB ≥10 and <16 mut/Mb. Responses were observed in nine different tumor types (47%; 9/19).Atezolizumab monotherapy had promising, durable clinical activity across a variety of advanced solid tumor types in patients with TMB ≥16 mut/Mb tumors lacking other suitable treatment options and who were immunotherapy-naïve at enrollment, regardless of microsatellite instability status. Limited activity was observed in tumors with TMB ≥10 and <16 mut/Mb. See related commentary by Maron and Klempner, p. 602. This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 587.

    View details for DOI 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-21-0450

    View details for PubMedID 34876409

  • Natural History of Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2-Amplified and Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 Wild-Type Refractory Metastatic Colorectal Cancer in US Clinical Practice. JCO clinical cancer informatics Schroder, C., Gower-Page, C., Reyes-Rivera, I., Patel, A., Price, R., Sen, S., Davies, J., Castellanos, E., Snider, J., Bai, X., Fisher, V., Mhatre, S. K. 2022; 6: e2100133


    PURPOSE: The molecular heterogeneity of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) presents a therapeutic challenge, with few trials focused on patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 amplification (HER2-Amp). Our limited understanding of real-world patterns and outcomes by HER2 status of treatment-refractory patients leaves treatment decisions with little contextual information. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to describe the natural disease history of patients with refractory mCRC using an electronic health record-derived database with oncogenomic information.METHODS: We included patients with stage IV or recurrent mCRC diagnosed from January 2011 through December 2019 from a deidentified clinicogenomic database. Patients with ≥ 2 documented clinic visits, ≥ 2 lines of therapy (LOT) after mCRC diagnosis, and comprehensive genomic profiling were eligible. Patient records defined by treatment-refractory LOT were allocated to the HER2-Amp or HER2 wild-type (WT) cohort on the basis of comprehensive genomic profiling. Index date was defined as the start of any treatment-refractory LOT (≥ 2 LOT; patients could contribute multiple records). Descriptive statistics included demographic and clinical characteristics, treatments, laboratory values, and biomarkers. Overall survival (OS) was calculated as time (in months) from the index date until death from any cause and analyzed using Kaplan-Meier methodology. Sensitivity analyses were conducted to test the robustness of the primary findings.RESULTS: A total of 576 patients were included (1,339 records); 63 (158 records) were HER2-Amp, and 513 (1,181 records) were HER2-WT. Demographics, clinical characteristics, biomarkers, and laboratory values were comparable between HER2 cohorts. OS was similar, with an unadjusted median OS of 11.2 months (95% CI, 8.6 to 15.1) and 9.9 months (95% CI, 8.3 to 10.9) across LOT for HER2-Amp and HER2-WT cohorts, respectively.CONCLUSION: This study showed considerable treatment heterogeneity and poor outcomes among patients with treatment-refractory mCRC, emphasizing a substantial unmet therapeutic need.

    View details for DOI 10.1200/CCI.21.00133

    View details for PubMedID 35297649

  • Pertuzumab and trastuzumab for HER2-positive, metastatic biliary tract cancer (MyPathway): a multicentre, open-label, phase 2a, multiple basket study LANCET ONCOLOGY Javle, M., Borad, M. J., Azad, N. S., Kurzrock, R., Abou-Alfa, G. K., George, B., Hainsworth, J., Meric-Bernstam, F., Swanton, C., Sweeney, C. J., Friedman, C. F., Bose, R., Spigel, D. R., Wang, Y., Levy, J., Schulze, K., Cuchelkar, V., Patel, A., Burris, H. 2021; 22 (9): 1290-1300


    Systemic therapies for metastatic biliary tract cancers are few, and patients have a median overall survival of less than 1 year. MyPathway evaluates the activity of US Food and Drug Administration-approved therapies in non-indicated tumours with potentially actionable molecular alterations. In this study, we present an analysis of patients with metastatic biliary tract cancers with HER2 amplification, overexpression, or both treated with a dual anti-HER2 regimen, pertuzumab plus trastuzumab, from MyPathway.MyPathway is a non-randomised, multicentre, open-label, phase 2a, multiple basket study. Patients aged 18 years and older with previously treated metastatic biliary tract cancers with HER2 amplification, HER2 overexpression, or both and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2 were enrolled from 23 study sites in the USA and received intravenous pertuzumab (840 mg loading dose, then 420 mg every 3 weeks) plus trastuzumab (8 mg/kg loading dose, then 6 mg/kg every 3 weeks). The primary endpoint was investigator-assessed objective response rate according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1. The primary outcome and adverse events were analysed in all patients who received at least one dose of pertuzumab and trastuzumab. This trial is registered with, NCT02091141, and is ongoing.39 patients enrolled in the MyPathway HER2 biliary tract cancer cohort between Oct 28, 2014, and May 29, 2019, were evaluable for anti-tumour activity by the March 10, 2020, data cutoff date. Median follow-up was 8·1 months (IQR 2·7-15·7). Nine of 39 patients achieved a partial response (objective response rate 23% [95% CI 11-39]). Grade 3-4 treatment-emergent adverse events were reported in 18 (46%) of 39 patients, most commonly increased alanine aminotransferase and increased aspartate aminotransferase (each five [13%] of 39). Treatment-related grade 3 adverse events were reported in three (8%) of 39 patients, including increased alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, blood alkaline phosphatase, and blood bilirubin. Serious treatment-emergent adverse events were observed in ten (26%) of 39 patients, of which only abdominal pain occurred in more than one patient (two [5%] of 39). There were no treatment-related serious adverse events, treatment-related grade 4 events, or deaths.Treatment was well tolerated in patients with previously treated HER2-positive metastatic biliary tract cancer. The response rate is promising for the initiation of randomised, controlled trials of pertuzumab plus trastuzumab in this patient population.F Hoffmann-La Roche-Genentech.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/S1470-2045(21)00336-3

    View details for Web of Science ID 000696312200037

    View details for PubMedID 34339623

  • Outcomes of Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia Who Relapse After 5 Years of Complete Remission ONCOLOGY RESEARCH Patel, A., Agha, M., Raptis, A., Hou, J., Farah, R., Redner, R. L., Im, A., Dorritie, K. A., Sehgal, A., Rossetti, J., Saul, M., Normolle, D., Lontos, K., Boyiadzis, M. 2021; 28 (7-8): 811-814


    Leukemia relapse 5 years after achieving first complete remission (CR1) is uncommon in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In this study, we evaluated the outcomes of AML patients with late relapse at our institution and reviewed the literature for these patients. The study cohort consisted of nine AML patients with late relapse. The median interval between CR1 and AML relapse was 6.1 years (range: 5.116.2 years). At relapse, the karyotype was different from the initial AML diagnosis in 50% of patients. At the time of AML relapse, seven patients received induction chemotherapy and two patients received hypomethylating agents with an overall CR rate of 66%. The median time to relapse after achieving second CR (CR2) was 16.5 months [95% confidence interval (CI): 9.4, NA]. The median overall survival after first relapse was 28.6 months (95% CI: 7.3, 3.466.5 months). Despite initial CR after reinduction therapy, relapse rates are still high, suggesting that alternative strategies for postremission therapies are warranted in CR2. These approaches include the use of allogeneic hematogenic cell transplantation and the use of newly approved AML agents as maintenance therapy in nontransplant eligible patients.

    View details for DOI 10.3727/096504020X15965357399750

    View details for Web of Science ID 000696944900010

    View details for PubMedID 32753091

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC8420904

  • Machine-learning algorithms for predicting hospital re-admissions in sickle cell disease BRITISH JOURNAL OF HAEMATOLOGY Patel, A., Gan, K., Li, A. A., Weiss, J., Nouraie, M., Tayur, S., Novelli, E. M. 2021; 192 (1): 158-170


    Reducing preventable hospital re-admissions in Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) could potentially improve outcomes and decrease healthcare costs. In a retrospective study of electronic health records, we hypothesized Machine-Learning (ML) algorithms may outperform standard re-admission scoring systems (LACE and HOSPITAL indices). Participants (n = 446) included patients with SCD with at least one unplanned inpatient encounter between January 1, 2013, and November 1, 2018. Patients were randomly partitioned into training and testing groups. Unplanned hospital admissions (n = 3299) were stratified to training and testing samples. Potential predictors (n = 486), measured from the last unplanned inpatient discharge to the current unplanned inpatient visit, were obtained via both data-driven methods and clinical knowledge. Three standard ML algorithms, Logistic Regression (LR), Support-Vector Machine (SVM), and Random Forest (RF) were applied. Prediction performance was assessed using the C-statistic, sensitivity, and specificity. In addition, we reported the most important predictors in our best models. In this dataset, ML algorithms outperformed LACE [C-statistic 0·6, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 0·57-0·64] and HOSPITAL (C-statistic 0·69, 95% CI 0·66-0·72), with the RF (C-statistic 0·77, 95% CI 0·73-0·79) and LR (C-statistic 0·77, 95% CI 0·73-0·8) performing the best. ML algorithms can be powerful tools in predicting re-admission in high-risk patient groups.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/bjh.17107

    View details for Web of Science ID 000587748600001

    View details for PubMedID 33169861

  • The Impact of the Omission or Inadequate Dosing of Radiotherapy in Extranodal Natural Killer T-Cell Lymphoma, Nasal Type, in the United States CANCER Vargo, J. A., Patel, A., Glaser, S. M., Balasubramani, G. K., Farah, R. J., Marks, S. M., Beriwal, S. 2017; 123 (16): 3176–85


    Extranodal natural killer T-cell lymphoma, nasal-type (NKTCL), is a rare malignancy in Western populations and is thus challenging for standardization of care and a prospective study. This study was aimed at defining patterns of care for NKTCL in the context of radiotherapy (RT) use and dose selection in the United States.Six hundred forty-two stage I-II NKTCL patients from 1998 to 2012 were identified from the National Cancer Data Base. Binary logistic regression analyses were performed to identify sociodemographic, treatment, and tumor characteristics predictive of the treatment selection and RT dose. Overall survival (OS) analyses were completed with the Kaplan-Meier and Cox multivariate methods, including a propensity score adjustment for a potential indication bias.Of the 642 included NKTCL patients, 70% were at stage I, 79% were white, and 66% were ≤ 60 years old. Fifty-five percent received chemotherapy plus RT, 19% received RT alone, and 27% received chemotherapy alone. The median RT dose was 50 Gy (interquartile range, 43.2-54 Gy), 37% received < 45 Gy, and 43% received < 50 Gy. A multivariate survival analysis showed improved OS in comparison with chemotherapy alone for RT alone at ≥50 Gy (hazard ratio [HR], 0.41; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.23-0.70; P < .01), for chemotherapy plus RT at <50 Gy (HR, 0.55, 95% CI, 0.36-0.86; P < .01), and for chemotherapy plus RT at ≥50 Gy (HR, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.27-0.63; P < .01).Stage I-II NKTCL patients in the United States commonly receive chemotherapy alone or suboptimal-dose RT. The omission of RT or the use of suboptimal RT is negatively associated with OS. Efforts to continue improving evidenced-based management are warranted. Cancer 2017;123:3176-85. © 2017 American Cancer Society.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/cncr.30697

    View details for Web of Science ID 000406954400026

    View details for PubMedID 28380259