Baraa Werghi is currently a post-doctoral research fellow focusing on uniform and well-defined heterogenous catalysts design and synthesis for various catalytic application. She earned her Ph.D. in Chemical science from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in 2018 under the supervisor of Professor Jean Marie Basset, where she focused on the development of aluminum-based supports using the organometallic chemistry tools and its use for the immobilization of various transition metals for various catalytic reactions (alkane/olefin metathesis and hydrogen generation reactions) along with a deep mechanical understanding of all the steps involved. Before joining KAUST, she received her M.S. degree in Chemical Engineering from the University of Rennes I (France) and her B.S. in Industrial chemistry from National Institute of Applied Sciences and Technologies (INSAT),(Tunisia).
Master of Science, Universite De Rennes (2013)
Doctor of Philosophy, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (2018)
Masters, University Of Rennes I, Chemical Engineering (2013)
Ph.D, King Abdullah University Of applied Science (KAUST), Chemical Science (2018)
Technology and Education
Steering CO2 hydrogenation toward C-C coupling to hydrocarbons using porous organic polymer/metal interfaces.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
2022; 119 (7)
The conversion of CO2 into fuels and chemicals is an attractive option for mitigating CO2 emissions. Controlling the selectivity of this process is beneficial to produce desirable liquid fuels, but C-C coupling is a limiting step in the reaction that requires high pressures. Here, we propose a strategy to favor C-C coupling on a supported Ru/TiO2 catalyst by encapsulating it within the polymer layers of an imine-based porous organic polymer that controls its selectivity. Such polymer confinement modifies the CO2 hydrogenation behavior of the Ru surface, significantly enhancing the C2+ production turnover frequency by 10-fold. We demonstrate that the polymer layers affect the adsorption of reactants and intermediates while being stable under the demanding reaction conditions. Our findings highlight the promising opportunity of using polymer/metal interfaces for the rational engineering of active sites and as a general tool for controlling selective transformations in supported catalyst systems.
View details for DOI 10.1073/pnas.2114768119
View details for PubMedID 35135880
Colloidal Platinum-Copper Nanocrystal Alloy Catalysts Surpass Platinum in Low-Temperature Propene Combustion.
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Low-temperature removal of noxious environmental emissions plays a critical role in minimizing the harmful effects of hydrocarbon fuels. Emission-control catalysts typically consist of large quantities of rare, noble metals (e.g., platinum and palladium), which are expensive and environmentally damaging metals to extract. Alloying with cheaper base metals offers the potential to boost catalytic activity while optimizing the use of noble metals. In this work, we show that PtxCu100-x catalysts prepared from colloidal nanocrystals are more active than the corresponding Pt catalysts for complete propene oxidation. By carefully controlling their composition while maintaining nanocrystal size, alloys with dilute Cu concentrations (15-30% atomic fraction) demonstrate promoted activity compared to pure Pt. Complete propene oxidation was observed at temperatures as low as 150 °C in the presence of steam, and five to ten times higher turnover frequencies were found compared to monometallic Pt catalysts. Through DFT studies and structural and catalytic characterization, the remarkable activity of dilute PtxCu100-x alloys was related to the tuning of the electronic structure of Pt to reach optimal binding energies of C* and O* intermediates. This work provides a general approach toward investigation of structure-property relationships of alloyed catalysts with efficient and optimized use of noble metals.
View details for DOI 10.1021/jacs.1c10248
View details for PubMedID 35050603
- Insights and comparison of structure-property relationships in propane and propene catalytic combustion on Pd- and Pt-based catalysts JOURNAL OF CATALYSIS 2021; 401: 89-101