School of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences


Showing 1-10 of 106 Results

  • Lauren Abrahams

    Lauren Abrahams

    Ph.D. Student in Geophysics

    Current Research and Scholarly InterestsThe most destructive tsunamis are generated by earthquakes, posing hazard to coastlines around the world. Open questions about these events are, how are they generated, what parameters will cause the most destructive waves, and how do we interpret existing seafloor data to create tsunami and earthquake early warning? To answer these questions, computer simulations (modeling) have been an effective method to study past events and assess a region's potential hazard. Many modelers use an approximate approach for modeling how earthquakes generate tsunamis, but recent events have shown assumptions in these approaches do not hold in all cases. Since these models do not fully describe the physics, they are less effective in predicting future hazards.

    A more rigorous full-physics method has been developed by a previous group member that does not approximate tsunami generation, creating a more realistic model of earth/ocean interactions. This full-physics method has only been developed in 2D; however, a 3D model is needed to allow for comparison to real-world data. In collaboration with the University of Munich, I am currently incorporating the full-physics method into the open-source 3D earthquake software. This software will be the first 3D full-physics model for earthquake tsunamigenesis, providing greater insight into tsunami physics and valuable information for tsunami early warning.

    In addition to my thesis work, I have focused on two other projects to study hazards. I have completed my starter project studying frictional effects on earthquake behavior and completed my second project working with the US Geological Survey on improving ground motion prediction equations used in the earthquake early warning systems.

  • Aakash Ahamed

    Aakash Ahamed

    Ph.D. Student in Geophysics

    BioAakash Ahamed (BS, with honors, Franklin and Marshall College; MSc, Boston College; PhD Candidate, Stanford University) is a hydrologist developing scientific methods for satellite and airborne remote sensing measurements with applications to water resources, natural hazards, and agricultural systems. As a PhD Candidate in the Department of Geophysics, his current doctoral project focuses on modeling, monitoring, and forecasting key hydrologic components of the Central Valley Aquifer System in California using techniques in data assimilation and machine learning. Aakash previously worked as a support scientist in the Hydrological Sciences Lab at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, where he constructed satellite-based models of flood and landslide hazards. He has also developed remote sensing analyses and software at Ceres Imaging, a successful precision agriculture start up based in Silicon Valley, and interned as a GIS analyst at the World Wildlife Fund for Nature in Washington, DC.

  • Irina M. Artemieva

    Irina M. Artemieva

    Affiliate, Department of Geophysics - Geophysics

    BioStanford research group: Stanford EARTH - Crustal Geophysics
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    Professional affiliations:
    * Distinguished Professor, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China
    * GEOMAR Helmholtz-Center for Ocean Research, Kiel, Germany

    Academic profile:
    http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3207-2901
    http://www.academia-net.org/profil/prof-dr-irina-m-artemieva/1395360
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    Professional interests (selected):
    * Lithosphere structure and secular evolution with links to global tectonics and geodynamics;
    * Precambrian cratons, lithosphere control of diamondiferous kimberlites;
    * Upper mantle thermo-chemical heterogeneity constrained by various types of geophysical data;
    * Thermal structure of continental and oceanic lithosphere;
    * Mantle density heterogeneity and its links to magmatism, metasomatism, and mineral deposits;
    * Crustal structure and global trends in crustal evolution;
    * Lithosphere control on topography evolution and dynamic topography;
    * Dynamics of the ice sheets as controlled by mantle thermal structure.
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    Publication highlights:
    * Artemieva I.M., 2011. The lithosphere: An interdisciplinary approach. Cambridge University Press Monograph, 794 pp., https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511975417

    Publication profile:
    https://stanford.academia.edu/IrinaArtemieva
    https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=ToY84sUAAAAJ&hl=en
    -----------------------------------------
    Honors & Awards
    * Elected Member, International Eurasian Academy of Sciences (2018)
    * Elected Member, Royal Danish Academy of Science and Letters (2014)
    * Fellow, Geological Society of America (2012)
    * Elected Member, European Academy of Sciences “Academia Europaea” (2007)
    * Fellow, Royal Astronomical Society, London (2000)
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    Professional organizations (selected):
    * International Lithosphere Program, Task Force Leader (2019-present)
    * International Heat Flow Commission, Council member (2019-present)
    * European Geosciences Union, Geodynamics Division Officer (2017-present) and the Arthur Holmes Medal Committee Member (2017-2019)
    * European Geosciences Union (EGU), Council member, Programme Committee member, President of Geodynamics Division (2013-2017)
    * European Science Foundation Pan-European program EUROPROBE, Executive Board member, Science Director/Coordinator (1999-2001)
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    Advisory Committees (selected):
    * Panel member, National Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT), Portugal (2012-2015; 2018-present)
    * Panel member, evaluation of national Centers of Excellence, Portugal (2018)
    * Chair, Panel member, R&D re-accreditation panels, Croatia (2018)
    * Panel member, Senior Panel, l’Institut Universitaire de France (IUF), France (2015)
    * Chair, Junior Panel, l’Institut Universitaire de France (IUF), France (2014); panel member (2013)
    * Vice-chair, Panel member, Swedish National Research Council (VR), Sweden (2006-2011)
    * Panel member, National Basic Research Council, Ireland (2002-2003)
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    Editorial boards (selected):
    * Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Geodynamics (2016-present)
    * Associate editor, Nature Scientific Reports (2014-present)
    * Associate editor, Tectonophysics (2006-present)
    * Associate editor, Journal of Geodynamics (1999-2009)
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    Academic funding:
    * Total funding raised as sole PI in peer-reviewed academic calls: ca. 2.75 Mln. Euro since 2005
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    Personal research websites:
    www.lithosphere.info
    www.at-geo.org

  • Greg Beroza

    Greg Beroza

    Wayne Loel Professor

    Current Research and Scholarly InterestsEarthquake seismology