School of Medicine
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Lusine Aghajanova, M.D., Ph.D.
Clinical Associate Professor, Obstetrics & Gynecology - Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility
BioDr. Aghajanova received her medical degree from Yerevan State Medical University in Armenia, followed by residency in obstetrics and gynecology, then completed PhD in Human Implantation at Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden, followed with embryology training at Karolinska Institute, with an Internship in Austria.
She continued her research as a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California San Francisco.
Subsequently, Dr. Aghajanova completed residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas and at UC San Francisco. She proceeded then with subspecialty fellowship training in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility at UC San Francisco. She is a respected researcher in the field of endometrial receptivity, implantation and endometriosis.
Dr. Aghajanova speaks Russian and Armenian and is very well published with over 50 peer-reviewed publications as well as numerous other oral and poster presentations and is a professional peer-reviewer for over 12 journals.
Dr.Aghajanova enjoys spending time with her husband and children, and traveling.
Ruben Alvero, M.D.
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility)
BioDr. Ruben Alvero is Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Stanford Medical School and is the Division Director of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility at the Lucille Packard Children’s Hospital. He is Board Certified in Obstetrics and Gynecology and in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility. He is a fellow of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the American College of Surgeons.
Following undergraduate training at Harvard College (BA, Economics, 1980), Dr. Alvero received his medical degree from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda, Maryland in 1986. He completed his residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Walter Reed Army Medical Center (1990) and a fellowship in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility at the National Institutes of Health (NIH, 1995).
Dr. Alvero was the Division Director for Infertility Services at the National Naval Medical Center (Bethesda) and Walter Reed Army Medical Center and faculty in the NIH-sponsored fellowship in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility. Dr. Alvero remained a reserve Colonel in the U.S. Army Medical Corps until 2012 and during 27 years in the Army was mobilized several times for missions around the world, including service in Iraq, Kuwait, Mongolia, Germany and various locations in the United States.
Dr. Alvero was Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Vice Chair for Education at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center and the Director of the Assisted Reproductive Technologies, and founding member of the Center for Surgical Innovation. Dr. Alvero was Residency Program Director in Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Colorado. He was subsequently Division and Fellowship Director at Brown University.
The Council in Residency Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology awarded him its National Faculty Award for Excellence three times. He has been NIH-funded, most recently as part of the Reproductive Medicine Network.
Dr. Alvero is currently the Vice President of the Society for Reproductive Endocrinology, the national organization of fertility specialists and will take over as President in October 2020.
Dr. Alvero’s clinical interests include IVF, polycystic ovary syndrome, endometriosis and robotic surgery. Dr. Alvero’s research interests include non-invasive evaluation of embryo quality, cost-effectiveness analysis, and the role of critical thinking in medical education. A fluent Spanish-speaker, Dr. Alvero is also dedicated to improving the health of the Latinx community.
Dr. Alvero is happiest on the water, whether sailing or singles rowing. He is also constantly attempting to improve his mastery of Latin American cuisine. Most of all, he loves spending time with his family.
Clinical Assistant Professor, Obstetrics & Gynecology
BioDr. Diana Atashroo is coming to Stanford Hospital from NorthShore UniversityHealthSysteml in Illinois, affiliated with the the University of Chicago-Pritzker School of Medicine.
Dr. Atashroo sees patients for general gynecology and a variety of other complex gynecologic issues. Her expertise includes evaluation and management of complex pelvic pathology and pelvic pain. Her special interests include: pudendal neuralgia and other peripheral neuropathic pain conditions, pelvic floor muscle spasms, vulvodynia, pelvic congestion syndrome, endometriosis, and interstitial cystitis. She also performs minimally-invasive gynecologic surgery, including laparoscopic and robotic procedures. She has special skills in ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve blocks, office procedures, and Botox trigger point injections.
She has leadership roles within AAGL (American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists) and IPPS (International Pelvic Pain Society) and has presented on various topics related to pelvic pain.
Dr. Atashroo is committed to furthering the well-being of women, and strives to provider her patients with an individualized and comprehensive approach.
Professor of Radiology (Pediatric Radiology) and, by courtesy, of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Maternal Fetal Medicine)
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsMagnetic Resonance Imaging and Sonographic diagnosis of fetal anomalies.
Focus interest in the diagnosis and conservative (non-surgical and minimal radiation) management of congenital broncho pulmonary malformations.
Imaging of appendicitis in children.
Sonography of the pediatric testis.
Barry Behr, Ph.D., H.C.L.D.
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility), Emeritus
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsDevelopment of improved embryo culture conditions in vitro. Blastocyst cultures. Embryo metabolism in vitro. Embryo maternal dialogue. Clinical application and integration of extended embryo culture systems. Monozygotic twinning. Prevention of multiple pregnancy. Sperm motility enhancers. Fluorescent and non-fluorescent markers of sperm morphology and viablility. Oocyte cryopreservation. Fertility preservation. Improving IVF outcome.
Jonathan S. Berek, MD, MMSc
Laurie Kraus Lacob Professor
BioLaurie Kraus Lacob Professor
Stanford University School of Medicine
Director, Stanford Women’s Cancer Center
Senior Advisor, Stanford Cancer Institute
Executive Director, Stanford Health Communication Initiative
Director, MedArts Films
Stanford Center for Health Education
Y. Katherine Bianco
Clinical Professor, Obstetrics & Gynecology - Maternal Fetal Medicine
BioMy clinical interest in pregnancies complicated with birth defects has led my underlying research interests in genomic abnormalities in the human trophoblast carrying to faulty placentation. The latter began with initial work during K12 and KO8 funding. I took a great interest in the human placenta as it carries potential advantages over other tissues sources: first, this highly metabolically active organ is the potential source of many transcripts. Second, the placenta forms at a very early stage of embryonic development, potentially allowing detection of primary alterations as compared to secondary changes that may mask the underlying causal phenomena. Finally, studying early placentation may provide targets for development of novel molecular approaches, such as up-regulate or down-regulate genes, the protein products of which could potentially serve as molecular surrogates for diagnosis and treatment of pregnancy complication such as miscarriages, pre-eclampsia, pregnancy induced hypertension and intrauterine growth retardation. This work has led to the first Trisomy 21, Trisomy 18, trisomy 13 cell lines established from human placentas making it possible to apply gene editing in the early stages of human trophoblast development.
As my primary clinical responsibility involves treating patients needing medical care and support through their high risk pregnancies, I am interested in factors that may impact outcomes, such as prenatal screening and diagnosis, maternal heart conditions, labor and delivery management, and safety approaches for the second stage of labor. In investigating length of labor and approaches to shorten the second stage, I have found methods of improving perinatal outcomes in diverse maternal populations.
With regards to my interest in fetal medicine, I have worked in collaboration with other specialists such as radiologists and pediatric cardiologists utilizing imagining studies to assess and determine successful perinatal care and fetal survival.
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Maternal Fetal Medicine)
Current Research and Scholarly Interestsprenatal diagnosis, genetics, clinical obstetrics
Paul D. Blumenthal, MD, MPH
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Gynecology-Family Planning) at the Stanford University Medical Center, Emeritus
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsImproving Access to Family Planning Services in Low Resource Settings:
Through a collaboration with Population Services International, the Stanford Program for International Reproductive Education and Services (SPIRES) provides technical direction in a program designed to improve access to and uptake of family planning, particularly Long Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) such as IUDs and implants, in 14 developing countries globally. The first year saw insertion of over 280,000 IUDs.
Clinical Associate Professor, Obstetrics & Gynecology - Maternal Fetal Medicine
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsSpecial interest in women with vulvodynia and other genital pain disorders.
Erica P. Cahill MD
Clinical Assistant Professor, Obstetrics & Gynecology
Current Research and Scholarly Interestsreproductive and sexual health care and education
Professor (Research) of Pediatrics (Neonatology), of Obstetrics & Gynecology (Maternal Fetal Medicine) and, by courtesy, of Epidemiology and Population Health
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsDr. Carmichael is a perinatal and nutritional epidemiologist and Professor of Pediatrics and Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
Her team is committed to finding ways to improve maternal and infant health outcomes and equity by leading research that identifies effective leverage points for change, from upstream 'macro' social and structural factors, to downstream clinical factors (eg, related to care and morbidities) through a collaborative research approach that integrates epidemiologic approaches with community engagement and systems thinking.
Exposure themes include social context, nutrition, care, environmental contaminants and genetics. Outcome themes include severe maternal morbidity, stillbirth, birth defects, and preterm delivery. She is particularly interested in understanding the intersectionality of these varied types of exposures and outcomes and how they interact to impact health and health disparities, for the mother-baby dyad.
Please see the team web-site for further information!
John K. Chan
Adjunct Clinical Associate Professor, Obstetrics & Gynecology - Gynecologic Oncology
BioAs a board-certified gynecologic oncologist caring for cancer patients undergoing surgery, chemotherapy, and biologic treatment over the last 20 years, I have a deep understanding of the pathophysiology of ovarian, uterine, cervical, and vulvovaginal cancers. I trained at MD Anderson Cancer Center under the Felix Rutledge oncology fellowship and at University of California, Los Angeles and Irvine for Medical School and Gynecologic Oncology fellowship.
My translational science research on cancer immunotherapy was supported under a National Institute of Health Career Development Award. With respect to population science, I studied ovarian cancer prevention and outcomes under a National Cancer Institute grant. As a clinical researcher, I served as the principal investigator for numerous phase II and III clinical trials and received multiple grants and awards, including those from the National Cancer Institute, the Ovarian Cancer Research Foundation, Gynecologic Cancer Foundation, and the Gynecologic Oncology Group / NRG.
Over the years, my research studies have published nearly 200 peer-reviewed journals in the New England Journal of Medicine, Journal of the American Medical Association, Lancet Oncology, Journal of Clinical Oncology and Clinical Cancer Research and numerous textbook chapters. Clinically, I have been elected as the Best doctor in America and Best Doctors as recognized by the U.S. News and World Report.
Rachel Ellen Chan Seay
Clinical Associate Professor, Obstetrics & Gynecology - General
BioMy clinical focus is the care of people across the age spectrum from adolescence to menopause. I attend to both Obstetric and benign Gynecologic needs in both ambulatory and hospital settings. I strive to provide a holistic approach to consultations for full-scope benign Gyn medical and surgical problems. In my practice of clinical medicine, I strongly value the role of education across all levels, including medical staff, students, resident physicians, patients and their families. I emphasize effective communication, professionalism, and inclusive patient-centered care.
I am actively involved in national and international programs that focus on teaching medical students, residents and faculty. Since completing my residency training, I have worked regularly in international low-resource settings. I have served as Visiting Clinical Faculty in Thomonde, Haiti; at Hospital Nacional Juan Jose Ortega in Coatepeque, Guatemala; and at Orotta School of Medicine in Asmara, Eritrea. I have completed emergency OBGYN field assignments as a clinical consultant for Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) in Sierra Leone and South Sudan. I work as a consultant for an academic partnership with the University of Colorado School of Public Health to train local traditional birth attendants, and have developed a long-term partnership to augment the local OBGYN residency program in Coatepeque in the southwest Trifinio region of Guatemala. I was the 2015 Research Fellow in the History of American Ob/Gyn at the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists in Washington DC, where my research focused on the evolution of the management of postpartum hemorrhage in the US from 1903-1940.
My ongoing scholarly activities focus on designing global health curricula for medical trainees from high-resources settings, and supporting medical education in low-resource settings.
Bertha Chen, MD
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Gynecology - Urogynecology) and, by courtesy, of Urology
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsDr. Chen’s research examines the molecular causes of urinary incontinence and pelvic floor dysfunction. Recognizing that urinary incontinence linked to demise of smooth muscle sphincter function, she is investigating the potential use of stem cell regeneration to restore muscle capacity.
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Stanford University Medical Center, Emerita
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsRh disease, other red call isoimmunization, e.g. Kell, etc.
I.T.P. and alloimmune thrombocytopenia
Multiple pregnancy (twins, triplets, etc.) and associated problems and procedures
Ultrasound referrals -- complicated and routine
Procedures --cordocentesis, intrauterine transfusion; selective termination or reduction in multiple pregnancy.
Associate Professor of Pediatrics (Neonatology) and, by courtesy, of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Maternal Fetal Medicine)
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsNeurological monitoring in critically ill infants. Altered hemodynamics in neonates, especially in relation to prematurity, congenital heart disease, and central nervous system injury. Determination of the hemodynamic significance and effects of a patent ductus arteriosus in the preterm infant. Utilizing NIRS (near-infrared spectroscopy) and other technologies for improved monitoring in the NICU.
Clinical Assistant Professor, Obstetrics & Gynecology - Gynecologic Oncology
BioDr. Chow is a fellowship-trained gynecologic oncologist. She is a clinical assistant professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynecologic Oncology.
She treats the full spectrum of gynecologic cancers, including cervical, endometrial, ovarian, vaginal, and vulvar. She emphasizes minimally invasive treatment and performs laparoscopic and robotic surgery.
Dr. Chow works closely with radiation oncology, genetics, and other oncologic specialists in a multidisciplinary setting to provide high quality, evidence-based, and individualized care. Dr. Chow is a strong advocate for patient education and strives to deliver compassionate care to patients and their families.
Dr. Chow has conducted extensive clinical research. Her work has focused on the role of the sentinel lymph node biopsy technique for gynecologic cancer, therapeutic vaccines for ovarian cancer, the impact of race on the development of uterine cancer, and other topics. She has published in Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, Gynecologic Oncology, Scientific Reports, and other peer-reviewed journals.
Dr. Chow has also won numerous honors and awards for her scholarship and research achievements. In fellowship, she earned the AACR Doreen J. Putrah Cancer Research Foundation Scholar-In-Training Award. She was also awarded the AAGL Recognition of Excellence in Minimally Invasive Gynecology.
Dr. Chow is a member of the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO), American Association for Cancer Research (AACR), American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists (AAGL), and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG).
Clinical Assistant Professor, Obstetrics & Gynecology - General
BioI am a Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecologist, which combines my passion for gynecology with my love of working with children and young adults (and the people who care for them!). My approach to providing care is a collaborative one: my patients are individually unique and special, and their care should be tailored to be the best fit for them.
Prior to joining the Stanford faculty, I completed a fellowship in Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, From an academic standpoint, my current research focuses include: Gynecologic care for Oncology Survivors including Onco-Fertility and vulvovaginal graft-versus-host disease; gynecologic care of patients with Anorectal Malformations; Differences of Sex Development, Intersex conditions, and reproductive tract differences; and surgical care in pediatric gynecology.
Craig V. Comiter
Professor of Urology and, by courtesy, of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsUsing various animal models of bladder outlet obstruction as a representation of human prostatic disease, I am investigating how intervening with pharmacotherapy, neuromodulation, and other novel therapies may help to reverse the adverse changes in the bladder due to the obstruction.
I also am investigating new, minimally invasive treatments for post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence.
I am also investigating the role of neruomodulation in the treatment of chronic pelvic pain and IC.
Jennifer Conti, MD, MS, MSc
Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor, Obstetrics & Gynecology
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsClinical decision making around abortion choices; pain management with abortion
Ruth Ann Crystal
Adjunct Clinical Instructor, Obstetrics & Gynecology
BioDr. Crystal is a board certified, Stanford trained Ob/Gyn physician entrepreneur with interests in healthcare innovation and human centered design.
Dr. Crystal has worked with over a dozen healthcare start ups advising them on business development, social media strategy, product development and discovery of the unmet needs of physicians and patients. In addition, as a mentor for incubators including Stanford Start X, Philips Healthworks and for Backstage Capital, Dr. Crystal has coached companies in AI and digital health, medical devices and biotech. At StartX, Dr. Crystal has been a neighborhood lead for biotechnology, digital IT and product strategy and customer development. She is also helping female founders with networking and mentorship.
Dr. Crystal is a thought leader on healthcare innovation and has over 10,000 followers on Twitter at @CatchTheBaby. She has been a clinical instructor at Healthcare Design classes at the Stanford d.school every since 2013.
Recently, Dr. Crystal made an online handbook on Coronavirus (COVID19) in which she has crowd sourced pertinent information from doctors around the world via the handbook, a WhatsApp group and a Slack group with 1000 doctors from many different countries who are helping each other to fight this new disease.
Clinical Professor, Obstetrics & Gynecology - Maternal Fetal Medicine
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsSpecial interest in :
1.Ob simulation as a teaching and training tool
2. Disaster planning for OB units
3. Global women's health
Professor (Teaching) of Pediatrics (Neonatology) and, by courtesy, of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsI have extensive experience in the development of global health innovations and in working to test and scale-up health interventions. At Stanford University, I am playing a leading role in developing global women and children’s health research and educational programs, including the establishment of a Global Center for Gender Equality at Stanford University. My research focuses on advancing child health and development in low resource settings and advancing gender equality and health globally, and includes several applications of artificial intelligence. Before joining Stanford, I was Senior Fellow at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), where I led the development of initiatives to address gender inequalities and empower women and girls. Prior to this role, I served as the BMGF Director of Family Health, leading strategy development and implementation across maternal, newborn and child health, nutrition, and family planning. In this role, I was responsible for investments ranging from scientific discovery to intervention development and delivery of interventions at scale. I worked closely with the Discovery team to shape discovery and development investments and was a co-founder of the Saving Lives at Birth Development Grand Challenge, the Putting Women and Girls at the Center of Development Grand Challenge, and the Healthy Birth, Growth and Development initiative. Based on these experiences, I understand how to identify knowledge gaps and generate evidence of impact for new interventions, and how to utilize evidence to influence the policy dialogue leading to programmatic adoption and scale-up of interventions in low income settings. As Director of Family Health, I also co-led the development and implementation of the BMGF global health strategy for India, which cuts across multiple health and development sectors. Before joining BMGF, I was Associate Professor and Founding Director of the International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health in the Department of International Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. I led the development of newborn health research, including numerous facility- and community-based maternal and child health research trials. Before joining Johns Hopkins, I was Senior Research Advisor for the $50M Saving Newborn Lives program of Save the Children-US, where I led the development and implementation of the global research strategy for newborn health and survival.
Clinical Assistant Professor, Obstetrics & Gynecology - Maternal Fetal Medicine
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsMedical Education
Flipped Classroom learning
Maurice L. Druzin
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Maternal Fetal Medicine) and, by courtesy, of Pediatrics
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsAntepartum and intrapartum fetal monitoring Prenatal diagnosis Medical complications of pregnancy, particularly: SLE, hypertension, diabetes, malignancy A.
Yasser El-Sayed, Professor
Charles B. and Ann L. Johnson Professor in the School of Medicine and Professor, by courtesy, of Pediatrics (Neonatology) and of Surgery
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsHigh Risk Obstetrics: preterm labor, preeclampsia, medical and surgical complications of pregnancy, prenatal diagnosis and therapy
Assistant Professor of Urology and, by courtesy, of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Urogynecology)
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsRefractory overactive bladder in elderly and frail patient populations, detrusor underactivity, quality of life, patient outcomes, quality improvement, patient satisfaction, and shared decision making
Margaret T. Fuller
Reed-Hodgson Professor of Human Biology, Katharine Dexter McCormick and Stanley McCormick Memorial Professor and Professor of Genetics and of Obstetrics/Gynecology (Reproductive and Stem Cell Biology)
Current Research and Scholarly InterestsRegulation of self-renewal, proliferation and differentiation in adult stem cell lineages. Developmental tumor suppressor mechanisms and regulation of the switch from proliferation to differentiation. Cell type specific transcription machinery and regulation of cell differentiation. Developmental regulation of cell cycle progression during male meiosis.