Clinical Assistant Professor, Medicine
Right Ventricular Dysfunction Patterns Among Patients with COVID-19 in the Intensive Care Unit - a Retrospective Cohort Analysis.
Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is common among patients hospitalized with COVID-19; however, its epidemiology may depend on the echocardiographic parameters used to define it.To evaluate the prevalence of abnormalities in three common echocardiographic parameters of RV function among COVID-19 patients admitted to the intensive care unit, as well as the effect of RV dilatation on differential parameter abnormality and the association of RV dysfunction with 60-day mortality.Retrospective cohort study of COVID-19 ICU patients between March 4th,2020 to March 4th, 2021, who received a transthoracic echocardiogram within 48 hours before to at most 7 days after ICU admission. RV dysfunction and dilatation respectively defined by guideline thresholds for tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), RV fractional area change (RVFAC), RV free wall longitudinal strain (RVFWS), and RV basal dimension or RV end-diastolic area. Association of RV dysfunction with 60-day mortality assessed through logistic regression adjusting for age, prior history of congestive heart failure, invasive ventilation at time of TTE and APACHE II score.116 patients were included, of which 69% had RV dysfunction by > 1 parameter and 36.3% of these had RV dilatation. The three most common patterns of RV dysfunction included: Presence of 3 abnormalities, the combination of abnormal RVFWS and TAPSE, and isolated TAPSE abnormality. Patients with RV dilatation had worse RVFAC (24% vs 36%, p = 0.001), worse RVFWS (16.3% vs 19.1%, p = 0.005), higher RVSP (45mmHg vs 31mmHg, p = 0.001) but similar TAPSE (13mm vs 13mm, p = 0.30) compared to those with normal RV size. After multivariable adjustment, 60-day mortality was significantly associated with RV dysfunction (OR 2.91, 95% CI 1.01 - 9.44), as was the presence of at least 2 parameter abnormalities.ICU patients with COVID-19 had significant heterogeneity in RV function abnormalities present with different patterns associated with RV dilatation. RV dysfunction by any parameter was associated with increased mortality. Therefore, a multiparameter evaluation may be critical in recognizing RV dysfunction in COVID-19.
View details for DOI 10.1513/AnnalsATS.202303-235OC
View details for PubMedID 37478340
Skeletal muscle expression of adipose-specific phospholipase in peripheral artery disease.
Vascular medicine (London, England)
Flow-limiting atherosclerotic lesions of arteries supplying the limbs are a cause of symptoms in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). Musculoskeletal metabolic factors also contribute to the pathophysiology of claudication, which is manifest as leg discomfort that impairs walking capacity. Accordingly, we conducted a case-control study to determine whether skeletal muscle metabolic gene expression is altered in PAD. Calf skeletal muscle gene expression of patients with PAD and healthy subjects was analyzed using microarrays. The top-ranking gene differentially expressed between PAD and controls (FDR < 0.001) was PLA2G16, which encodes adipose-specific phospholipase A2 (AdPLA) and is implicated in the maintenance of insulin sensitivity and regulation of lipid metabolism. Differential expression was confirmed by qRT-PCR; PLA2G16 was downregulated by 68% in patients with PAD (p < 0.001). Expression of Pla2g16 was then measured in control (db/+) and diabetic (db/db) mice that underwent unilateral femoral artery ligation. There was significantly reduced expression of Pla2g16 in the ischemic leg of both control and diabetic mice (by 51%), with significantly greater magnitude of reduction in the diabetic mice (by 79%). We conclude that AdPLA is downregulated in humans with PAD and in mice with hindlimb ischemia. Reduced AdPLA may contribute to impaired walking capacity in patients with PAD via its effects on skeletal muscle metabolism. Further studies are needed to fully characterize the role of AdPLA in PAD and to investigate its potential as a therapeutic target for alleviating symptoms of claudication.
View details for DOI 10.1177/1358863X20947467
View details for PubMedID 32853041