Education & Certifications

  • Bachelor of Engineering, Tsinghua University, Materials Science and Engineering (2018)

All Publications

  • Voltage cycling process for the electroconversion of biomass-derived polyols. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Kim, D., Zhou, C., Zhang, M., Cargnello, M. 2021; 118 (41)


    Electrification of chemical reactions is crucial to fundamentally transform our society that is still heavily dependent on fossil resources and unsustainable practices. In addition, electrochemistry-based approaches offer a unique way of catalyzing reactions by the fast and continuous alteration of applied potentials, unlike traditional thermal processes. Here, we show how the continuous cyclic application of electrode potential allows Pt nanoparticles to electrooxidize biomass-derived polyols with turnover frequency improved by orders of magnitude compared with the usual rates at fixed potential conditions. Moreover, secondary alcohol oxidation is enhanced, with a ketoses-to-aldoses ratio increased up to sixfold. The idea has been translated into the construction of a symmetric single-compartment system in a two-electrode configuration. Its operation via voltage cycling demonstrates high-rate sorbitol electrolysis with the formation of H2 as a desired coproduct at operating voltages below 1.4 V. The devised method presents a potential approach to using renewable electricity to drive chemical processes.

    View details for DOI 10.1073/pnas.2113382118

    View details for PubMedID 34615713

  • A General Approach for Monolayer Adsorption of High Weight Loadings of Uniform Nanocrystals on Oxide Supports. Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English) Kao, K., Yang, A., Huang, W., Zhou, C., Goodman, E. D., Holm, A., Frank, C. W., Cargnello, M. 2021


    Monodispersed metal and semiconductor nanocrystals have attracted great attention in fundamental and applied research due to their tunable size, morphology, and well-defined chemical composition. Utilizing these nanocrystals in a controllable way is highly desirable especially when using them as building blocks for the preparation of nanostructured materials. Their deposition onto oxide materials provide them with wide applicability in many areas, including catalysis. However, so far deposition methods are limited and do not provide control to achieve high particle loadings. This study demonstrates a general approach for the deposition of hydrophobic ligand-stabilized nanocrystals on hydrophilic oxide supports without ligand-exchange. Surface functionalization of the supports with primary amine groups either using an organosilane ((3-aminopropyl)trimethoxysilane) or bonding with aminoalcohols (3-amino-1,2-propanediol) were found to significantly improve the interaction between nanocrystals and supports achieving high loadings (>10 wt. %). The bonding method with aminoalcohols guarantees the opportunity to remove the binding molecules thus allowing clean metal/oxide materials to be obtained, which is of great importance in the preparation of supported nanocrystals for heterogeneous catalysis.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/anie.202017238

    View details for PubMedID 33403788

  • Steam-created grain boundaries for methane C-H activation in palladium catalysts. Science (New York, N.Y.) Huang, W., Johnston-Peck, A. C., Wolter, T., Yang, W. D., Xu, L., Oh, J., Reeves, B. A., Zhou, C., Holtz, M. E., Herzing, A. A., Lindenberg, A. M., Mavrikakis, M., Cargnello, M. 2021; 373 (6562): 1518-1523


    [Figure: see text].

    View details for DOI 10.1126/science.abj5291

    View details for PubMedID 34554810

  • Design of Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Catalysts for Energy and Environmental Applications. ACS central science Goodman, E. D., Zhou, C. n., Cargnello, M. n. 2020; 6 (11): 1916–37


    Controlling selectivity between competing reaction pathways is crucial in catalysis. Several approaches have been proposed to achieve this goal in traditional heterogeneous catalysts including tuning nanoparticle size, varying alloy composition, and controlling supporting material. A less explored and promising research area to control reaction selectivity is via the use of hybrid organic/inorganic catalysts. These materials contain inorganic components which serve as sites for chemical reactions and organic components which either provide diffusional control or directly participate in the formation of active site motifs. Despite the appealing potential of these hybrid materials to increase reaction selectivity, there are significant challenges to the rational design of such hybrid nanostructures. Structural and mechanistic characterization of these materials play a key role in understanding and, therefore, designing these organic/inorganic hybrid catalysts. This Outlook highlights the design of hybrid organic/inorganic catalysts with a brief overview of four different classes of materials and discusses the practical catalytic properties and opportunities emerging from such designs in the area of energy and environmental transformations. Key structural and mechanistic characterization studies are identified to provide fundamental insight into the atomic structure and catalytic behavior of hybrid organic/inorganic catalysts. Exemplary works are used to show how specific active site motifs allow for remarkable changes in the reaction selectivity. Finally, to demonstrate the potential of hybrid catalyst materials, we suggest a characterization-based approach toward the design of biomimetic hybrid organic/inorganic materials for a specific application in the energy and environmental research space: the conversion of methane into methanol.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/acscentsci.0c01046

    View details for PubMedID 33274270

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7706093

  • High Areal Capacity Li-Ion Storage of Binder-Free Metal Vanadate/Carbon Hybrid Anode by Ion-Exchange Reaction SMALL Zhou, C., Lu, J., Hu, M., Huang, Z., Kang, F., Lv, R. 2018; 14 (35)
  • High Areal Capacity Li-Ion Storage of Binder-Free Metal Vanadate/Carbon Hybrid Anode by Ion-Exchange Reaction. Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) Zhou, C. n., Lu, J. n., Hu, M. n., Huang, Z. H., Kang, F. n., Lv, R. n. 2018: e1801832


    Storing more energy in a limited device area is very challenging but crucial for the applications of flexible and wearable electronics. Metal vanadates have been regarded as a fascinating group of materials in many areas, especially in lithium-ion storage. However, there has not been a versatile strategy to synthesize flexible metal vanadate hybrid nanostructures as binder-free anodes for Li-ion batteries so far. A convenient and versatile synthesis of Mx Vy Ox+2.5y @carbon cloth (M = Mn, Co, Ni, Cu) composites is proposed here based on a two-step hydrothermal route. As-synthesized products demonstrate hierarchical proliferous structure, ranging from nanoparticles (0D), and nanobelts (1D) to a 3D interconnected network. The metal vanadate/carbon hybrid nanostructures exhibit excellent lithium storage capability, with a high areal specific capacity up to 5.9 mAh cm-2 (which equals to 1676.8 mAh g-1 ) at a current density of 200 mA g-1 . Moreover, the nature of good flexibility, mixed valence states, and ultrahigh mass loading density (over 3.5 mg cm-2 ) all guarantee their great potential in compact energy storage for future wearable devices and other related applications.

    View details for PubMedID 30066386

  • High areal specific capacity of Ni3V2O8/carbon cloth hierarchical structures as flexible anodes for sodium-ion batteries JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A Zhou, C., Fan, S., Hu, M., Lu, J., Li, J., Huang, Z., Kang, F., Lv, R. 2017; 5 (30): 15517–24

    View details for DOI 10.1039/c7ta04337f

    View details for Web of Science ID 000406672400007