Current State of Non-surgical Devices for Female Stress Urinary Incontinence.
Current urology reports
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize and assess the current non-surgical devices for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI).RECENT FINDINGS: Devices for SUI can generally be divided into two categories. One category is the augmentation of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT), wherein devices such as vaginal cones, intravaginal biofeedback, and electrical or magnetic stimulation are used to strength the pelvic floor musculature, though none are more effective than traditional PFMT. The second category of devices mechanically occludes the outlet and includes incontinence pessaries, intravaginal occlusion devices, and urethral plugs and patches. While these are palliative rather than curative, they share similar rates of improvement in leakage. A number of novel devices exist for the treatment and management of SUI. Though no single device has been shown to be more effective than PFMT alone, they may be beneficial for women who have difficulty isolating their pelvic floor muscles, desire accountability, or prefer technology-based engagement. Outlet occlusion devices are less comfortable for the patient, but remain an option for women who do not desire surgery.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s11934-022-01104-x
View details for PubMedID 35997889
Pharmacologic therapeutic options for sexual dysfunction.
Current opinion in obstetrics & gynecology
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sexual problems are reported by up to 45% of individuals assigned female at birth. Although sexual function is a complex biopsychosocial construct, there are a number of pharmacologic treatment options aimed at addressing the changing vaginal hormonal milieu in postmenopausal individuals and moderating the excitatory and inhibitory aspects of the central nervous system in those with hypoactive sexual desire disorder.RECENT FINDINGS: The last decade has seen an increase in the number and type of pharmacologic treatment options for dysfunction primarily associated with menopause and hypoactive sexual desire disorder. Recent publications and systematic reviews have strengthened the safety data of existing FDA-approved medications as well as off-label therapies.SUMMARY: Pharmacologic treatment with local estrogen and testosterone replacement in postmenopausal individuals and with centrally-acting therapies such as flibanserin, bremelanotide, and testosterone in premenopausal individuals assigned female at birth are safe and can be used to improve sexual desire and sexual satisfaction.
View details for DOI 10.1097/GCO.0000000000000821
View details for PubMedID 36036468