Cilium Axoneme Internalization and Degradation in Chytrid Fungi.
Cytoskeleton (Hoboken, N.J.)
Loss of the cilium is important for cell cycle progression and certain developmental transitions. Chytrid fungi are a group of basal fungi that have retained centrioles and cilia, and they can disassemble their cilia via axoneme internalization as part of the transition from free-swimming spores to sessile sporangia. While this type of cilium disassembly has been observed in many single-celled eukaryotes, it has not been well characterized because it is not observed in common model organisms. To better characterize cilium disassembly via axoneme internalization, we focused on chytrids Rhizoclosmatium globosum and Spizellomyces punctatus to represent two lineages of chytrids with different motility characteristics. Our results show that each chytrid species can reel in its axoneme into the cell body along its cortex on the order of minutes, while S. punctatus has additional faster ciliary compartment loss and lash-around mechanisms. S. punctatus retraction can also occur away from the cell cortex and is partially actin dependent. Post-internalization, the tubulin of the axoneme is degraded in both chytrids over the course of about 2 hours. Axoneme disassembly and axonemal tubulin degradation are both partially proteasome dependent. Overall, chytrid cilium disassembly is a fast process that separates axoneme internalization and degradation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
View details for DOI 10.1002/cm.21637
View details for PubMedID 33103844