Curisa Tucker, PhD, RN is a postdoctoral fellow in the lab of Dr. Suzan Carmichael. Her research interests are centered around maternal health equity, social determinants of health and severe maternal morbidity. Dr. Tucker has over 10 years of experience as a labor and delivery nurse. She has also taught nursing students for 5 years. Dr. Tucker received her PhD in Nursing Science, where her dissertation used Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Data to examine the impact of patient-centered medical homes and personally mediated racism measures on severe maternal morbidity outcomes.
Honors & Awards
Doctoral Scholar, Southern Regional Education Board (2019-2021)
PhD, University of South Carolina, Nursing Science (2021)
MSN, Excelsior College, Nursing Education (2015)
ADN, Cabarrus College of Health Sciences, Nursing (2009)
BA, College of Charleston, Biology (2005)
Suzan Carmichael, Postdoctoral Faculty Sponsor
Using medical expenditure panel survey data to explore the relationship between patient-centered medical homes and racial disparities in severe maternal morbidity outcomes.
Women's health (London, England)
2023; 19: 17455057221147380
There are persistent racial/ethnic disparities in the occurrence of severe maternal morbidity. Patient-centered medical home care has the potential to address disparities in maternal outcomes.To examine (1) the association between receiving patient-centered medical home care and severe maternal morbidity outcomes and (2) the interaction of race/ethnicity on patient-centered medical home status and severe maternal morbidity.Using 2007 to 2016 data from the Medical Expenditures Panel Survey, we conducted a cross-sectional study to estimate the association between receipt of care from a patient-centered medical home and the occurrence of severe maternal morbidity, and racial-specific (White, Black, Asian, Other) relative risks of severe maternal morbidity. Our study used race as a proxy measure for exposure racism. We identified mothers (⩾15 years) who gave birth during the study period. We identified patient-centered medical home qualities using 11 Medical Expenditures Panel Survey questions and severe maternal morbidities using medical claims, and calculated generalized estimating equation models to estimate odds ratios of severe maternal morbidity and 95% confidence intervals.Among all mothers who gave birth (N = 2801; representing 5,362,782 US lives), only 25% received some exposure patient-centered medical home care. Two percent experienced severe maternal morbidity, and this did not differ statistically (p = 0.11) by patient-centered medical home status. However, our findings suggest a 85% decrease in the risk of severe maternal morbidity among mothers who were defined as always attending a patient-centered medical home (odds ratios: 0.15; 95% confidence interval:0.01-1.87; p = 0.14) and no difference in the risk of severe maternal morbidity among mothers who were defined as sometimes attending a patient-centered medical home (odds ratios: 1.00; 95% confidence interval:0.16-6.42; p = 1.00). There was no overall interaction effect in the model between race and patient-centered medical home groups (p = 0.82), or ethnicity and patient-centered medical home groups (p = 0.62) on the severe maternal morbidity outcome.While the rate of severe maternal morbidity was similar to US rates, few mothers received care from a patient-centered medical home which may be due to underreporting. Future research should further investigate the potential for patient-centered medical home-based care to reduce odds of severe maternal morbidity across racial/ethnic groups.
View details for DOI 10.1177/17455057221147380
View details for PubMedID 36660909
Remapping racial and ethnic inequities in severe maternal morbidity: The legacy of redlining in California.
Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology
BACKGROUND: Historical mortgage redlining, a racially discriminatory policy designed to uphold structural racism, may have played a role in producing the persistently elevated rate of severe maternal morbidity (SMM) among racialised birthing people.OBJECTIVE: This study examined associations between Home-Owner Loan Corporation (HOLC) redlining grades and SMM in a racially and ethnically diverse birth cohort in California.METHODS: We leveraged a population-based cohort of all live hospital births at ≥20weeks of gestation between 1997 and 2017 in California. SMM was defined as having one of 21 procedures and diagnoses, per an index developed by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. We characterised census tract-level redlining using HOLC's security maps for eight California cities. We assessed bivariate associations between HOLC grades and participant characteristics. Race and ethnicity-stratified mixed effects logistic regression models assessed the risk of SMM associated with HOLC grades within non-Hispanic Black, Asian/Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaskan Nativeand Hispanic groups, adjusting for sociodemographic information, pregnancy-related factors, co-morbidities and neighbourhood deprivation index.RESULTS: The study sample included 2,020,194 births, with 24,579 cases of SMM (1.2%). Living in a census tract that was graded as "Hazardous," compared to census tracts graded "Best" and "Still Desirable," was associated with 1.15 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.03, 1.29) and 1.17 (95% CI 1.09, 1.25) times the risk of SMM among Black and Hispanic birthing people, respectively, independent of sociodemographic factors. These associations persisted after adjusting for pregnancy-related factors and neighbourhood deprivation index.CONCLUSIONS: Historical redlining, a tool of structural racism that influenced the trajectory of neighbourhood social and material conditions, is associated with increased risk of experiencing SMM among Black and Hispanic birthing people in California. These findings demonstrate that addressing the enduring impact of macro-level and systemic mechanisms that uphold structural racism is a vital step in achieving racial and ethnic equity in birthing people's health.
View details for DOI 10.1111/ppe.12935
View details for PubMedID 36420897
Current Resources for Evidence-Based Practice, March 2022
JOGNN-JOURNAL OF OBSTETRIC GYNECOLOGIC AND NEONATAL NURSING
2022; 51 (2): 225-237
An extensive review of new resources to support the provision of evidence-based care for women and infants. The current column includes a discussion of systemic racism and its effect on maternal health in the United States and commentaries on reviews focused on barriers and facilitators to HPV vaccination and delayed cord clamping in preterm infants.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jogn.2022.01.005
View details for Web of Science ID 000766620600012
View details for PubMedID 35150643
Experiences of African Americans Living With Sickle Cell Disease.
Journal of transcultural nursing : official journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
INTRODUCTION: About 100,000 individuals in the United States live with sickle cell disease (SCD). Palliative care (PC) can improve symptom management for these individuals. The purpose of the study was to explore (a) the experiences of people living with SCD, and (b) their knowledge and perceptions of PC.METHOD: Using a qualitative, descriptive design, adults with SCD were recruited from a foundation in the southeastern United States. Data included social and SCD-related demographics and audio-recorded, semi-structured focus groups. Analysis took a thematic analysis approach.RESULTS: Participants: There were 16 African Americans who participated in the study, 75% of whom were females, and aged 22 to 71 years. Five themes were identified: unique and unpredictable impact of SCD on daily life, the changing experience of SCD over time, stigmatization/marginalization in health care interactions, perceptions of support in managing SCD symptoms/crises, and PC: "What is it?"DISCUSSION: Participants lacked PC knowledge. PC should be offered to individuals with SCD as part of comprehensive SCD management.
View details for DOI 10.1177/10436596211070600
View details for PubMedID 35094624
Group Prenatal Care and Maternal Outcomes A Scoping Review
MCN-THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MATERNAL-CHILD NURSING
2021; 46 (6): 314-322
The objective of this study was to examine the current state of literature on group prenatal care and its impact on maternal outcomes and racial disparities in adverse maternal outcomes.We conducted a scoping review of literature published between January 2010 and December 2020 using the PRISMA-ScR reporting checklist.Eligible studies were identified using key words and MeSH terms in PubMed, CINAHL, and Web of Science. Inclusion criteria were studies that were (a) conducted in the United States; (b) published between January 2010 and December 2020; (c) in English; (d) focused on the primary investigation of group prenatal care and reporting on maternal comorbidity outcomes; and (e) an observational study or clinical trial.Nine studies met inclusion criteria. They reported on outcomes of preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, gestational diabetes mellitus, final A1C among patients with gestational diabetes mellitus, and postpartum hemorrhage. None reported on racial disparities for minoritized populations. Among all reported maternal outcomes, results were mixed, providing inconclusive evidence.Outcomes from group prenatal care focus more on neonatal outcomes than maternal outcomes. More studies are needed with stronger designs. Given pervasive racial disparities in U.S. maternal mortality, future studies should assess how group prenatal care participation may contribute to fewer experiences of racial discrimination and implicit bias for Black women in maternity care.
View details for DOI 10.1097/NMC.0000000000000766
View details for Web of Science ID 000707442800004
View details for PubMedID 34347633
A Mixed-Method Feasibility Study of Breastfeeding Attitudes among Southern African Americans
WESTERN JOURNAL OF NURSING RESEARCH
2022; 44 (1): 50-65
We assessed the feasibility and acceptability of examining breast/chest feeding attitudes among African Americans in South Carolina using an explanatory sequential, mixed methods approach. We surveyed 50 pregnant African American women during their ob-gyn appointment (Phase I), followed by qualitative interviews with four African American couples (N = 8) (Phase II), and integrating quantitative-qualitative data through joint display (Phase III). Phase I supported the feasibility of recruiting pregnant African American women for our study. However, for Phase II, more research is needed to support the feasibility of recruiting couples from the quantitative phase. The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale demonstrated moderate reliability (α = 0.68). Participants intending to exclusively breastfeed (M = 65, SD = 5.79) had higher scores than those intending to exclusively use formula (M = 50, SD = 4.37, p < .001). The six qualitative themes (Phase II) and data integration (Phase III) identified cultural considerations for future research.
View details for DOI 10.1177/01939459211045431
View details for Web of Science ID 000702390000001
View details for PubMedID 34554033
Evaluation of a Mobile Web Site Application to Promote Breastfeeding Among African American Women
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. 2020: S6-S7
View details for Web of Science ID 000583918100011