Dale Dagar Maglalang (he/they) is a T32 NIH/NHLBI Postdoctoral Researcher with the Stanford Prevention Research Center. His research interests examine the social, cultural, and structural factors that influence the health behaviors and outcomes on communities with a specific focus on Asian Americans, care workers, and (im)migrants.
PhD, Boston College, Social Work (2020)
MSW, Boston College, Social Work (2018)
MA, San Francisco State University, Asian American Studies (2016)
BS, University of California, Davis, Human Development (2013)
BA, University of California, Davis, Asian American Studies (2013)
Older Chinese Americans' Perspectives on Physical Activity: A Mixed Methods Study
JOURNAL OF APPLIED GERONTOLOGY
2020; 39 (5): 472–80
The benefits of physical activity for successful aging are well established. Few interventions however, target older Asian Americans who may have distinct needs for cultural and linguistic tailoring. The heterogeneity among Asian Americans underscores the need to elucidate specific physical activity preferences by ethnic subgroup. To better understand older Chinese Americans' perceptions about physical activity, we conducted a community-engaged, mixed methods study with 60 participants. Through survey and focus groups, four emerging themes characterized perceptions of physical activity: (a) physical activities benefit the body and mind, (b) traditional Chinese culture influences perceptions and preferences for physical activity, (c) physical activity presents opportunities for social engagement, and (d) physical activity facilitates family harmony. Design recommendations includes encouraging mind-body approaches, incorporating culturally specific practices, highlighting opportunities for social engagement, and emphasizing the potential for improved harmony.
View details for DOI 10.1177/0733464819835443
View details for Web of Science ID 000526684500004
View details for PubMedID 30907216
Racial discrimination, ethnic-racial socialization, and cultural identities among Asian American youths.
Cultural diversity & ethnic minority psychology
This study investigates whether and how racial discrimination is associated with ethnic-racial socialization in the family and how distinct aspects of ethnic-racial socialization influence children's ethnic and American identity among Filipino American and Korean American families.The data are obtained from the Midwest Longitudinal Study of Asian American Families Project (N = 1,580; 379 Filipino American youths and 377 parents, and 410 Korean American youths and 414 parents; Mage of youths = 15.01). Using the bootstrapping and maximum likelihood with missing values approaches, we conducted path analyses to test the hypothesized associations concurrently and longitudinally for each ethnic group.Youth-reported racial discrimination was directly associated with weaker American identity, both concurrently and longitudinally. In concurrent models, racial discrimination experienced by both youth and parents was positively associated with youth-reported preparation for bias, which in turn was linked with stronger ethnic identity among Filipinos, whereas no indirect pathways reached statistical significance among Koreans. In longitudinal models, parent-reported discrimination was linked with higher levels of promotion of mistrust among both groups, which predicted weaker ethnic identity among Filipino youth but stronger American identity among Korean youth.The present study highlights how exposure to racial discrimination may have a lasting influence in cultural identity development among Asian Americans and possibly through ethnic-racial socialization in the family, which might have been shaped by such experiences. Our results also underscore the importance of considering the experiences of both children and parents in studies of discrimination and ethnic-racial socialization. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).
View details for DOI 10.1037/cdp0000327
View details for PubMedID 32118457
- Ecological determinants of volunteerism among Asian and Latinx immigrants in California, US JOURNAL OF CIVIL SOCIETY 2020; 16 (2): 158–73
Personal Motivations of Asian Americans Who Use ENDS: A Qualitative Study
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH BEHAVIOR
2019; 43 (4): 680–90
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to explore the motivations that encourage Asian Americans to use ENDS. In addition, it seeks to evaluate the underlying implications of Asian cultural beliefs and values that influence the use of ENDS. Methods: We conducted 12 semi-structured in-depth interviews among Asian Americans. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. Results: Participants were influenced by Asian cultural values of filial piety and saving face which allowed them to either de-stigmatize or conceal the use of ENDS among their family members and peers. They also reported preferences for e-juice flavors reflective of food and products prominent in the Asian culture. Moreover, respondents also believed that ENDS use is less harmful than combustible cigarettes and reported experiencing perceived health benefits. Conclusion: Asian Americans who use ENDS are encouraged by the perception of their family members and value a sense of comfortability and familiarity when choosing their e-juice flavors. These results can help inform public health educators and researchers create culturally-specific health campaigns and interventions targeting the Asian-American population.
View details for DOI 10.5993/AJHB.43.4.3
View details for Web of Science ID 000472866900003
View details for PubMedID 31239012
Cultural Perspectives on Tobacco Use and Cessation Among Chinese American Immigrants: A Community-Engaged Qualitative Study
JOURNAL OF TRANSCULTURAL NURSING
2019; 30 (4): 350–58
Tobacco use is a preventable cause of death among ethnic minorities. Chinese Americans have high smoking rates and underutilize evidence-based cessation therapies. Community members' perspectives on tobacco use and cessation may help bridge treatment gaps and ensure that cessation approaches are aligned with cultural values.Focus group methods were used to explore cultural factors influencing tobacco use and cessation among 50 Chinese immigrants. Emerging themes were identified using thematic analysis.The three emerging themes are (a) tobacco use is influenced by Chinese American immigrants' socioecological environment, (b) self-discipline determines the ability to quit, and (c) complex family dynamics influence quitting.Cessation approaches framed within cultural perspectives may help bridge treatment gaps. Innovations such as leveraging soft technologies that are widely used in the community may extend the reach of health promotion campaigns and treatments.
View details for DOI 10.1177/1043659618817583
View details for Web of Science ID 000473515200005
View details for PubMedID 30556472
A call to healing: Black Lives Matter movement as a framework for addressing the health and wellness of Black women
Community Psychology in Global Perspective
2018; 4 (2)
View details for DOI 10.1285/i24212113v4i2p85
Unmet Needs of Asian American and Pacific Islander Cancer Survivors
JOURNAL OF CANCER EDUCATION
2017; 32 (2): 374–81
In the USA, cancer is the leading cause of death for Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs), but little is known about the unmet needs of AAPI cancer survivors, especially from a national perspective. Using a community-based participatory research approach, we partnered with the Asian and Pacific Islander National Cancer Survivors Network and the Asian American Cancer Support Network to design and conduct a cross-sectional survey to understand the unmet needs of a national sample of AAPI cancer survivors. We assessed unmet needs in 10 domains: day-to-day activities, financial expenses, emotional concerns, medical treatment, cancer information, home care, nutrition, physical concerns, family relationships, and spirituality. We also assessed self-reported measures related to quality of life. This national sample of AAPI cancer survivors included people from 14 states and two territories who had been diagnosed with a broad range of cancers, including cancer of the breast, ovary/uterus/cervix, prostate, blood, and other sites. Over 80 % reported at least one unmet need. Participants reported an average of 8.4 unmet needs, spanning an average of 3.9 domains. Most commonly reported were unmet needs pertaining to physical concerns (66 %), day-to-day activities (52 %), and emotional concerns (52 %). This is the first report of unmet needs in a national sample of AAPI cancer survivors with a range of different cancer types. It describes the areas of greatest need and points to the importance of devoting more resources to identifying and addressing unmet needs for the underserved population of AAPI cancer survivors.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s13187-015-0952-7
View details for Web of Science ID 000400167700027
View details for PubMedID 26621507
"I DON'T HAVE TO EXPLAIN, PEOPLE UNDERSTAND": ACCEPTABILITY AND CULTURAL RELEVANCE OF A MOBILE HEALTH LIFESTYLE INTERVENTION FOR FILIPINOS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES
ETHNICITY & DISEASE
2017; 27 (2): 143–54
Filipino Americans have the highest risk for obesity-related type 2 diabetes and related complications compared with all major Asian American subgroups. Identifying effective interventions to improve Filipino health outcomes are needed to reduce this health disparity.To assess the acceptability and cultural relevance of the PilAm Go4Health program - a culturally adapted mobile health weight-loss lifestyle intervention including virtual social networking for Filipino Americans with type 2 diabetes.Qualitative semi-structured post-program interviews explored perceptions of 45 Filipino Americans with type 2 diabetes in Northern California regarding their perceptions of the acceptability and cultural relevance of PilAm Go4Health. Participants' mean age was 57.6 years. Sixty-seven interviews were recorded, transcribed, and thematically analyzed by four independent coders.Over half (n=26, 57.8%) of the respondents found that a culturally tailored intervention program enhanced their engagement. All (n=45) of the respondents felt that mobile health technology promoted their self-efficacy. A majority of the respondents (n=29, 64.4%) expressed that they progressed from despair to self-efficacy as a result of their participation in the intervention. More than one-fourth of the participants (n=13, 28.8%) discussed that the intervention needed further cultural tailoring.Overall, PilAm Go4Health - a mobile health weight-loss lifestyle intervention - was acceptable and culturally relevant for Filipino Americans with type 2 diabetes. Findings may help inform clinician and researchers on effective intervention strategies for diabetes self-management when designing interventions for diverse populations.
View details for DOI 10.18865/ed.27.2.143
View details for Web of Science ID 000399831400011
View details for PubMedID 28439185
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5398173
Associations with E-cigarette use among Asian American and Pacific Islander young adults in California.
Preventive medicine reports
2016; 4: 29-32
With attention to the rapidly growing market of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS/e-cigarettes) and the fastest growing US ethnic minority group, the current study explored associations between awareness, perceived risks, and use of ENDS among Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) young adults. AAPI young adults (ages 18-25) in California were recruited via social media, college classes, listservs for AAPI-serving non-profits, and snowball sampling to complete an anonymous survey between 2014 and 2015. The sample (N = 501) was 57% women, 15% LGBTQIA; with a mean age of 21; 26% foreign-born; identifying as Filipino (29%), Chinese (24%), Vietnamese (14%), mixed-AAPI heritage (13%), or 21% other. Nearly half the sample (44%) reported ever ENDS use; 11% were current users. Current ENDS use was twofold greater for: Filipino and Vietnamese compared to Chinese respondents; men versus women; LGBTQIA-identified respondents; those vocationally trained; and employed. Awareness of ENDS from peers/friends was most common and was associated with ever though not current ENDS use. Most respondents perceived ENDS as harmful (62%); low compared to high risk perception was associated with a three-fold greater likelihood of ever use and six-fold greater likelihood of current use. Popular flavors were fruit (49%, e.g., lychee, taro) and candy/sweets (26%). Current users viewed ENDS as a healthier alternative or quit aid for conventional cigarettes (42%); recreation/social use (33%) also was common. Findings indicate ENDS visibility among AAPI young adults in California with affinity for flavors and many engaging in trial and current use for harm reduction and recreational/social aims.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.pmedr.2016.05.011
View details for PubMedID 27413658
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4929057
Changing Attitudes towards Hepatitis B among Asian Americans: From Saving Face to Getting Serious
Californian Journal of Health Promotion
2015; 13 (3)
View details for DOI 10.32398/cjhp.v13i3.1833