All Publications

  • The point of no return in vetoing self-initiated movements PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Schultze-Kraft, M., Birman, D., Rusconi, M., Allefeld, C., Goergen, K., Daehne, S., Blankertz, B., Haynes, J. 2016; 113 (4): 1080-1085


    In humans, spontaneous movements are often preceded by early brain signals. One such signal is the readiness potential (RP) that gradually arises within the last second preceding a movement. An important question is whether people are able to cancel movements after the elicitation of such RPs, and if so until which point in time. Here, subjects played a game where they tried to press a button to earn points in a challenge with a brain-computer interface (BCI) that had been trained to detect their RPs in real time and to emit stop signals. Our data suggest that subjects can still veto a movement even after the onset of the RP. Cancellation of movements was possible if stop signals occurred earlier than 200 ms before movement onset, thus constituting a point of no return.

    View details for DOI 10.1073/pnas.1513569112

    View details for Web of Science ID 000368617900064

    View details for PubMedID 26668390

  • Parietal and prefrontal: categorical differences? Nature neuroscience Birman, D., Gardner, J. L. 2015; 19 (1): 5-7

    View details for DOI 10.1038/nn.4204

    View details for PubMedID 26713741