Professional Education

  • Medical Education, Texas A&M University College of Medicine (2017)
  • Bachelor of Science, Tulane University (2013)

Stanford Advisors

Lab Affiliations

  • Derrick Wan, Hagey Laboratory for Pediatric Regenerative Medicine (7/1/2020)

All Publications

  • Understanding Scarring in the Oral Mucosa. Advances in wound care Griffin, M., Fahy, E., King, M., Guardino, N., Chen, K., Abbas, D. B., Lavin, C., Diaz Deleon, N. M., Lorenz, H. P., Longaker, M. T., Wan, D. C. 2021


    SIGNIFICANCE: Skin inevitably heals with the formation of a fibrotic scar. Patients affected by skin fibrosis suffer from long-term psychological and physical burdens. Recent Advances: Since the discovery of fetal scarless skin-wound healing, research has hoped to identify and mimic scarless healing for adult skin. Oral mucosa healing in adults provides the closest example to fetal scarless healing. Injuries to the oral mucosa heal with very minimal scarring. Understanding the mechanisms through which this process occurs may bring us closer to achieving scarless healing in adults.CRITICAL ISSUES: In this review, we summarize the current evidence that illustrates distinct mechanisms involved in oral mucosal healing. We discuss the role of the oral niche in contributing to wound repair. The intrinsic properties of immune cells, fibroblasts, and keratinocytes within the oral mucosa that support regenerative repair are provided. We highlight the contribution of cytokines, growth factors, and chemokine secretion in permitting a scarless mucosal environment. Furthermore, we discuss the role of stem cell-like progenitor populations in the mucosa that may contribute to wound healing. We also provide suggestions for future studies that are needed to achieve scarless healing in adults.FUTURE DIRECTIONS: Many characteristics of the oral mucosa have been shown to contribute to decreased scarring, but the specific mechanism(s) is unclear. Advancing our understanding of oral healing may yield therapeutic therapies that can be used to overcome dermal fibrosis and scarring.

    View details for DOI 10.1089/wound.2021.0038

    View details for PubMedID 34470520

  • Standardizing dimensionless cutometer parameters to determine in-vivo elasticity of human skin. Advances in wound care Abbas, D. B., Lavin, C., Fahy, E., Griffin, M., Guardino, N., King, M., Chen, K., Lorenz, H. P., Gurtner, G. C., Longaker, M. T., Momeni, A., Wan, D. C. 2021


    OBJECTIVE: Skin fibrosis places an enormous burden on patients and society, but disagreement exists over methods to quantify severity of skin scarring. A suction cutometer measures skin elasticity in-vivo, but it has not been widely adopted due to inconsistency in data produced. We investigated variability of several dimensionless parameters generated by the cutometer to improve their precision and accuracy.APPROACH: Twenty adult human subjects underwent suction cutometer measurement of normal skin and fibrotic scars. Using Mode 1, each subject underwent 5 trials with each trial containing 4 curves. R0/2/5/6/7 and Q1/2/3 data were collected. Analyses were performed on these calculated parameters.RESULTS: R0/2/5/6/7 and Q1/2 parameters from curves 1-4 demonstrated significant differences, while these same parameters were not significantly different when only using curves 2-4. Individual analysis of all parameters between curve 1 and every subsequent curve was statistically significant for R0, R2, R5, R6, R7, Q1, and Q2. No differences were appreciated for parameter Q3. Comparison between normal skin and fibrotic scars were significantly different for parameters R5, Q1, and Q3.INNOVATION: Our study is the first demonstration of accurate comparison between normal skin and fibrotic scars using the dimensionless parameters of a suction cutometer.CONCLUSION: Measured parameters from the first curve of each trial were significantly different from subsequent curves for both normal skin and fibrotic scars. Precision and reproducibility of data from dimensionless parameters can therefore be improved by removing the first curve. R5, Q1, and Q3 parameters differentiated normal skin as more elastic than fibrotic scars.

    View details for DOI 10.1089/wound.2021.0082

    View details for PubMedID 34470542

  • Decellularized Adipose Matrices can Alleviate Radiation-induced Skin Fibrosis. Advances in wound care Adem, S., Abbas, D. B., Lavin, C., Fahy, E., Griffin, M., Diaz Deleon, N. M., Borrelli, M. R., Mascharak, S., Shen, A. H., Patel, R. A., Longaker, M. T., Nazerali, R. S., Wan, D. C. 2021


    OBJECTIVE: Radiation therapy is commonplace for cancer treatment but often results in fibrosis and atrophy of surrounding soft tissue. Decellularized adipose matrices (DAMs) have been reported to improve these soft tissue defects through the promotion of adipogenesis. These matrices are decellularized by a combination of physical, chemical, and enzymatic methods to minimize their immunologic effects while promoting their regenerative effects. In this study, we aimed to explore the regenerative ability of a DAM (Renuva, MTF Biologics, New Jersey, USA) in radiation-induced soft tissue injury.APPROACH: Fresh human lipoaspirate or DAM was injected into the irradiated scalp of CD-1 nude mice, and volume retention was monitored radiographically over 8 weeks. Explanted grafts were histologically assessed, and overlying skin was examined histologically and biomechanically. Irradiated human skin was also evaluated from patients following fat grafting or DAM injection. However, integrating data between murine and human skin in all cohorts is limited given the genetic variability between the two species.RESULTS: Volume retention was found to be greater with fat grafts, though DAM retention was nonetheless appreciated at irradiated sites. Improvement in both mouse and human irradiated skin overlying fat and DAM grafts was observed in terms of biomechanical stiffness, dermal thickness, collagen density, collagen fiber networks, and skin vascularity.INNOVATION: This is the first demonstration of the use of DAMs for augmenting the regenerative potential of irradiated mouse and human skin.CONCLUSIONS: These findings support use of DAMs to address soft tissue atrophy following radiation therapy. Morphological characteristics of the irradiated skin can also be improved with DAM grafting.

    View details for DOI 10.1089/wound.2021.0008

    View details for PubMedID 34346243

  • A Systematic Review of Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis Versus Orthodontic Airway Plate for Airway Obstruction Treatment in Pierre Robin Sequence. The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association Abbas, D. B., Lavin, C., Fahy, E. J., Choo, H., Truong, M. T., Bruckman, K. C., Khosla, R. K., Lorenz, H. P., Momeni, A., Wan, D. C. 2021: 10556656211011886


    OBJECTIVE: Mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) is frequently performed to address airway obstruction in patients with Pierre Robin sequence (PRS), though more recently the technique of orthodontic airway plating (OAP) has gained traction. We aimed to evaluate OAP compared to MDO for airway obstruction in PRS.DESIGN: A systematic literature search across PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar identified all studies published in English, which involved MDO or any form of OAP as treatments for PRS. All relevant articles were reviewed in detail and reported on, adhering to PRISMA guidelines.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Airway (tracheostomy avoidance, decannulation rate), feeding (full oral feeding tolerance).RESULTS: Literature search identified 970 articles, of which 42 MDO studies and 9 OAP studies met criteria for review. A total of 1159 individuals were treated with MDO, and 322 individuals were treated with OAP. Primary outcomes appear similar for MDO and OAP at face value; however, this must be interpreted with different pretreatment contexts in mind.CONCLUSIONS: Orthodontic airway plating may be considered for airway obstruction in PRS, as some airway-related and feeding-related outcomes appear similar with MDO, per existing evidence in the literature. However, since PRS severity differed between studies, OAP cannot be uniformly considered a replacement for MDO. Further research is required to more comprehensively assess these treatment modalities inclusive of metrics that allow for direct comparison.

    View details for DOI 10.1177/10556656211011886

    View details for PubMedID 34075816

  • Readability of Online Patient Information Relating to Cleft Palate Surgery. The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association Lavin, C. V., Fahy, E. J., Abbas, D. B., Griffin, M., Deleon, N. M., Lee, D. K., Khosla, R. K., Bruckman, K., Lorenz, H. P., Wan, D. C. 2021: 10556656211013177


    OBJECTIVE: It is important for health care education materials to be easily understood by caretakers of children requiring craniofacial surgery. This study aimed to analyze the readability of Google search results as they pertain to "Cleft Palate Surgery" and "Palatoplasty." Additionally, the study included a search from several locations globally to identify possible geographic differences.DESIGN: Google searches of the terms "Cleft Palate Surgery" and "Palatoplasty" were performed. Additionally, searches of only "Cleft Palate Surgery" were run from several internet protocol addresses globally.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level and Readability Ease, Gunning Fog Index, Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG) index, and Coleman-Liau Index.RESULTS: Search results for "Cleft Palate Surgery" were easier to read and comprehend compared to search results for "Palatoplasty." Mean Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level scores were 7.0 and 10.11, respectively (P = .0018). Mean Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease scores were 61.29 and 40.71, respectively (P = .0003). Mean Gunning Fog Index scores were 8.370 and 10.34, respectively (P = .0458). Mean SMOG Index scores were 6.84 and 8.47, respectively (P = .0260). Mean Coleman-Liau Index scores were 12.95 and 15.33, respectively (P = .0281). No significant differences were found in any of the readability measures based on global location.CONCLUSIONS: Although some improvement can be made, craniofacial surgeons can be confident in the online information pertaining to cleft palate repair, regardless of where the search is performed from. The average readability of the top search results for "Cleft Palate Surgery" is around the seventh-grade reading level (US educational system) and compares favorably to other health care readability analyses.

    View details for DOI 10.1177/10556656211013177

    View details for PubMedID 33960204

  • Single Cell RNA Sequencing Reveals Fibroblast Heterogeneity Across Embryonic Origins Of Skin Griffin, M., King, M., Chen, K., desJardins-Park, H., Mascharak, S., Fahy, E., Guardino, N., Lavin, C., Abbas, D., Januszyk, M., Wan, D., Longaker, M. WILEY. 2021: A11-A12
  • The Adrenergic System in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: Physiology and Clinical Considerations. Annals of plastic surgery Fahy, E. J., Griffin, M. n., Lavin, C. n., Abbas, D. n., Longaker, M. T., Wan, D. n. 2021


    The primary organ systems and tissues concerning plastic and reconstructive surgery include the integument, vasculature, subcutis, and peripheral nerves, because these may individually or collectively be injured requiring reconstruction, or indeed be used in reconstruction themselves through grafts, flaps, or anastomoses. Adrenergic receptors are present throughout these anatomic components on the vasculature, adipose, platelets, immune cells, keratinocytes, melanocytes, fibroblasts, peripheral nerves, and tendons. Herein, the influence of adrenergic signaling on the physiology of anatomic components related to plastic surgery is discussed, along with clinical considerations of this systems involvement in procedures, such as free flap reconstruction, skin grafting, fat grafting, and other areas relevant to plastic and reconstructive surgery. Current evidence as well as potential for further investigation is discussed.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/SAP.0000000000002706

    View details for PubMedID 33833152

  • Fat Grafting Depletes Profibrotic Prrx1-Positive Fibroblasts in Irradiated Skin and Mitigates Radiation-Induced Groin Contracture Borrelli, M. R., Adem, S., Deleon, N., Abbas, D., Chen, K., Longaker, M. T., Wan, D. C. ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. 2020: S225–S226
  • Radiation-Induced Soft Tissue Atrophy Impaired by Enhancement of Fat Grafts with CD146+Subpopulation of Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells Deleon, N., Borrelli, M. R., Adem, S., Shen, A., Abbas, D., Longaker, M. T., Wan, D. C. ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. 2020: E186
  • Grafted Fat Depletes the Profibrotic Engrailed-1-Positive Fibroblast Subpopulation and Ameliorates Radiation-Induced Scalp Fibrosis Borrelli, M. R., Deleon, N., Adem, S., Abbas, D., Momeni, A., Longaker, M. T., Wan, D. C. ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. 2020: E186
  • Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells within Transplanted Fat Hone to Blood Vessels and Assume a Pericyte Structure Borrelli, M. R., Adem, S., Deleon, N., Abbas, D., Momeni, A., Longaker, M. T., Wan, D. C. ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. 2020: E183
  • No Significant Difference in Outcomes for Surgical Treatment of Thyroid Cancer in Kidney Transplant Recipients - Analysis of the HCUP NIS Data International Archives of Endocrinology Clinical Research Abbas, D. B., Goldschmidt, E., Camick , C., Qu , W., Ortiz, J. 2019; 5 (1): 7