Clinical Focus

  • Anesthesia

Academic Appointments

Professional Education

  • Internship: Yale New Haven Dept of Internal Medicine (1981) CT
  • Residency: Stanford University Anesthesiology Residency (1984) CA
  • Residency: Stanford University Internal Medicine Residency (1982) CA
  • Medical Education: University of California at San Francisco School of Medicine (1980) CA
  • Board Certification: American Board of Anesthesiology, Anesthesia (1986)

2023-24 Courses

All Publications

  • Uvular Necrosis After Shoulder Surgery: A Report of Three Cases CUREUS Xiao, M., Kaufman, D., Abrams, G. D. 2021; 13 (3)
  • Uvular Necrosis After Shoulder Surgery: A Report of Three Cases. Cureus Xiao, M., Kaufman, D. I., Abrams, G. D. 2021; 13 (3): e14233


    Uvular necrosis is a rare postoperative complication that can manifest from endotracheal tube intubation or laryngeal mask airway placement resulting in compression and restriction of blood flow to the uvula. This report describes three patients who underwent outpatient shoulder surgery under general anesthesia and were subsequently diagnosed with uvular necrosis. Their symptoms included persistent sore throat, dysphagia, odynophagia, and foreign body sensation, with swelling and white exudate on the uvular tip. All three patients were treated conservatively and had complete symptom resolution. While symptoms from uvular necrosis typically self-resolve within two weeks, it is important to recognize the condition and risk factors because patients may benefit from reassurance and conservative treatment.

    View details for DOI 10.7759/cureus.14233

    View details for PubMedID 33959432

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC8093114