Stanford Advisors


All Publications


  • Promotion of growth factor signaling as a critical function of beta-catenin during HCC progression NATURE COMMUNICATIONS Kim, E., Lisby, A., Ma, C., Lo, N., Ehmer, U., Hayer, K. E., Furth, E. E., Viatour, P. 2019; 10: 1909

    Abstract

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. β-catenin is widely thought to be a major oncogene in HCC based on the frequency of mutations associated with aberrant Wnt signaling in HCC patients. Challenging this model, our data reveal that β-catenin nuclear accumulation is restricted to the late stage of the disease. Until then, β-catenin is primarily located at the plasma membrane in complex with multiple cadherin family members where it drives tumor cell survival by enhancing the signaling of growth factor receptors such as EGFR. Therefore, our study reveals the evolving nature of β-catenin in HCC to establish it as a compound tumor promoter during the progression of the disease.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41467-019-09780-z

    View details for Web of Science ID 000465202400001

    View details for PubMedID 31015417

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC6478918

  • Rb family proteins enforce the homeostasis of quiescent hematopoietic stem cells by repressing Socs3 expression JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE Kim, E., Cheng, Y., Bolton-Gillespie, E., Cai, X., Ma, C., Tarangelo, A., Le, L., Jambhekar, M., Raman, P., Hayer, K. E., Wertheim, G., Speck, N. A., Tong, W., Viatour, P. 2017; 214 (7): 1901–12

    Abstract

    Prolonged exit from quiescence by hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) progressively impairs their homeostasis in the bone marrow through an unidentified mechanism. We show that Rb proteins, which are major enforcers of quiescence, maintain HSC homeostasis by positively regulating thrombopoietin (Tpo)-mediated Jak2 signaling. Rb family protein inactivation triggers the progressive E2f-mediated transactivation of Socs3, a potent inhibitor of Jak2 signaling, in cycling HSCs. Aberrant activation of Socs3 impairs Tpo signaling and leads to impaired HSC homeostasis. Therefore, Rb proteins act as a central hub of quiescence and homeostasis by coordinating the regulation of both cell cycle and Jak2 signaling in HSCs.

    View details for DOI 10.1084/jem.20160719

    View details for Web of Science ID 000404561900005

    View details for PubMedID 28550162

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5502420

  • Recruitment of Pontin/Reptin by E2f1 amplifies E2f transcriptional response during cancer progression NATURE COMMUNICATIONS Tarangelo, A., Lo, N., Teng, R., Kim, E., Le, L., Watson, D., Furth, E. E., Raman, P., Ehmer, U., Viatour, P. 2015; 6: 10028

    Abstract

    Changes in gene expression during tumorigenesis are often considered the consequence of de novo mutations occurring in the tumour. An alternative possibility is that the transcriptional response of oncogenic transcription factors evolves during tumorigenesis. Here we show that aberrant E2f activity, following inactivation of the Rb gene family in a mouse model of liver cancer, initially activates a robust gene expression programme associated with the cell cycle. Slowly accumulating E2f1 progressively recruits a Pontin/Reptin complex to open the chromatin conformation at E2f target genes and amplifies the E2f transcriptional response. This mechanism enhances the E2f-mediated transactivation of cell cycle genes and initiates the activation of low binding affinity E2f target genes that regulate non-cell-cycle functions, such as the Warburg effect. These data indicate that both the physiological and the oncogenic activities of E2f result in distinct transcriptional responses, which could be exploited to target E2f oncogenic activity for therapy.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/ncomms10028

    View details for Web of Science ID 000367567500003

    View details for PubMedID 26639898

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4686657