Social Science Research Associate, Psychology
Investigating the Associations Of Adult ADHD Symptoms, Hypersexuality, and Problematic Pornography Use Among Men and Women on a Largescale, Non-Clinical Sample.
The journal of sexual medicine
INTRODUCTION: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent comorbid disorders in hypersexuality; however, previous studies only examined the associations of ADHD and hypersexuality among men seeking treatment. Although problematic pornography use (PPU) might be considered the most frequent manifestation of hypersexuality, no previous research examined its association with ADHD symptoms.AIM: To (i) examine ADHD symptoms in relation to hypersexuality and PPU and (ii) identify possible similarities and differences in relationship with hypersexuality and PPU in a large, non-clinical sample between both sexes.METHODS: Multi-group structural equation modeling was conducted to investigate the hypothesized associations among adult ADHD symptoms, hypersexuality, and PPU between men and women (N=14,043 participants; women=4,237; mean age=33.5 years, SD=10.9).MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adult ADHD symptoms were assessed in relation to hypersexuality and PPU via self-reported measures.RESULTS: Results indicated that hypersexuality had positive and moderate association with problematic pornography use among women (r= .50, P < .01) and positive and strong association among men (r= .70, P < .01). ADHD symptoms had positive and moderate associations with hypersexuality in both men and women (beta= .50, P < .01; beta= .43; P < .01; respectively). Regarding men, ADHD symptoms had a positive, moderate association with PPU (beta= .45, P < .01), whereas ADHD symptoms had a positive, but weak, association with PPU in the case of women (beta= .26, P < .01).CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: When men have high levels of hypersexuality or PPU, ADHD should be assessed as a potential comorbid disorder. With regard to women, ADHD should be assessed as a potential comorbid disorder only in the case of hypersexuality.STRENGTH & LIMITATIONS: Applying self-report methods have possible biases that should be taken into account when interpreting the present findings. However, the present study was conducted on a large community sample and examined the differentiated role of ADHD symptoms in hypersexuality and PPU, not only in men but also in women, that has never been addressed in the literature.CONCLUSION: ADHD symptoms might play an important role in the severity of hypersexuality between both sexes, whereas ADHD symptoms might only play a stronger role in PPU among men but not women. The findings corroborate previous results that PPU may not be unambiguously considered as a subcategory of hypersexuality. In addition, potential background mechanisms behind problematic pornography use should be examined separately between men and women. Bothe B, Koos M, Toth-Kiraly I, etal. Investigating the Associations Of Adult ADHD Symptoms, Hypersexuality, and Problematic Pornography Use Among Men and Women on a Largescale, Non-Clinical Sample. J Sex Med 2019;XX:XXX-XXX.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jsxm.2019.01.312
View details for PubMedID 30852107
Emergence of polarized opinions from free association networks
BEHAVIOR RESEARCH METHODS
2019; 51 (1): 280–94
We developed a method that can identify polarized public opinions by finding modules in a network of statistically related free word associations. Associations to the cue "migrant" were collected from two independent and comprehensive samples in Hungary (N1 = 505, N2 = 505). The co-occurrence-based relations of the free word associations reflected emotional similarity, and the modules of the association network were validated with well-established measures. The positive pole of the associations was gathered around the concept of "Refugees" who need help, whereas the negative pole associated asylum seekers with "Violence." The results were relatively consistent in the two independent samples. We demonstrated that analyzing the modular organization of association networks can be a tool for identifying the most important dimensions of public opinion about a relevant social issue without using predefined constructs.
View details for DOI 10.3758/s13428-018-1090-z
View details for Web of Science ID 000461719100018
View details for PubMedID 30094726
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC6420605
- Pride and Social Status FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 2018; 9
On the Determinants and Outcomes of Passion for Playing Pokemon Go
FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
2018; 9: 316
In 2016, Pokémon Go became the most popular smartphone game. Despite the increasing popularity of this augmented reality game, to date, no studies have investigated passion for playing Pokémon Go. On the theoretical basis of the Dualistic Model of Passion (DMP), our goal was to investigate the associations between Pokémon Go playing motives, passion, and impulsivity. A total of 621 Pokémon Go players participated in the study (54.9% female; Mage = 22.6 years, SDage = 4.4). It was found that impulsivity was more strongly associated with obsessive passion (OP) than with harmonious passion (HP). HP was associated with adaptive motives (i.e., outdoor activity, social, recreation, and nostalgia), while OP was associated with less adaptive motives (i.e., fantasy, escape, boredom, competition, and coping). Therefore, in line with the DMP, HP and OP for playing Pokémon Go can predict an almost perfectly distinguished set of adaptive or maladaptive playing motives, and OP has a noteworthy relationship with impulsivity as a determinant.
View details for DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00316
View details for Web of Science ID 000427536000001
View details for PubMedID 29599735
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5862819
The personality, motivational, and need-based background of problematic Tinder use.
Journal of behavioral addictions
Background and aims Tinder is a geo-located online dating application, which is present in almost 200 countries and has 10 million daily users. The aim of the present research was to investigate the motivational, personality, and basic psychological need-related background of problematic Tinder use. Methods After qualitative pretest and item construction, in Study 1 (N = 414), confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to corroborate the different motivational factors behind Tinder use. In Study 2 (N = 346), the associations between Big Five traits, Tinder motivations, and problematic Tinder use were examined with structural equation modeling (SEM). In Study 3 (N = 298), the potential role of general self-esteem, relatedness need satisfaction, and frustration in relation to Tinder-use motivations and problematic Tinder use was examined with SEM. Results In Study 1, a 16-item first-order factor structure was identified with four motivational factors, such as sex, love, self-esteem enhancement, and boredom. In Study 2, problematic Tinder use was mainly related to using Tinder for self-esteem enhancement. The Big Five personality factors were only weakly related to the four motivations and to problematic Tinder use. Counterintuitively, Study 3 showed that instead of global self-esteem, relatedness need frustration was the strongest predictor of self-esteem enhancement Tinder-use motivation which, in turn, was the strongest predictor of problematic Tinder use. Discussion Four motivational factors were identified as predictors of problematic use with need frustration being a relevant background variable instead of general personality traits.
View details for DOI 10.1556/2006.7.2018.21
View details for PubMedID 29642722
- Investigating the Multidimensionality of Need Fulfillment: A Bifactor Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling Representation STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING-A MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL 2018; 25 (2): 267–86
The paradoxical effect of climate on time perspective considering resource accumulation
BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES
2017; 40: e92
Considering purely climate, southern countries are less harsh and more predictable than northern countries. From a historical perspective, freezing winters resulting in fewer available resources contribute to the development of strong future orientation. The paradox is that future orientation contributes to accumulation of resources in the long run, making individuals' immediate living conditions less harsh, leading to slower life strategies.
View details for DOI 10.1017/S0140525X16001072
View details for Web of Science ID 000403584200018
View details for PubMedID 29342550
- Academic cheating and time perspective: Cheaters live in the present instead of the future LEARNING AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES 2016; 52: 39-45
Social Representations of Hero and Everyday Hero: A Network Study from Representative Samples.
2016; 11 (8)
The psychological investigation of heroism is relatively new. At this stage, inductive methods can shed light on its main aspects. Therefore, we examined the social representations of Hero and Everyday Hero by collecting word associations from two separate representative samples in Hungary. We constructed two networks from these word associations. The results show that the social representation of Hero is more centralized and it cannot be divided into smaller units. The network of Everyday Hero is divided into five units and the significance moves from abstract hero characteristics to concrete social roles and occupations exhibiting pro-social values. We also created networks from the common associations of Hero and Everyday Hero. The structures of these networks show a moderate similarity and the connections are more balanced in case of Everyday Hero. While heroism in general can be the source of inspiration, the promotion of everyday heroism can be more successful in encouraging ordinary people to recognize their own potential for heroic behavior.
View details for DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0159354
View details for PubMedID 27525418
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4985139