Bio


I am a planetary scientist and my research focuses on geophysics, geodesy and scientific instrumentation for future space missions. I received my M.S. degree in physics from the Free University Berlin, Germany in 2013 and I completed my Ph.D. at the Institute for Geodesy and Geoinformation Science, TU Berlin, Germany in 2018. My thesis on tidal interactions across the Solar System was completed in collaboration with the Institute of Planetary Research at the German Aerospace Center (DLR). I am currently a Postdoc at the Department of Geophysics at Stanford University. I am a Co-Investigater of the REASON (Radar for Europa Assessment and Sounding: Ocean to Near-surface) instrument on the Europa Clipper mission. I am further affiliated with the BepiColombo Laser Altimeter (BELA) on the BepiColombo mission, and the Ganymede Laser Altimeter (GALA) on the Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (JUICE). My current research is on tidal interactions of bodies in our Solar System, ice geophysics, as well as radar and laser geodesy.

Professional Education


  • M.S., Free University Berlin, Physics (2013)
  • Ph.D., Technical University Berlin, Geodesy (2018)

Stanford Advisors


All Publications


  • Determination of the lunar body tide from global laser altimetry data JOURNAL OF GEODESY Thor, R. N., Kallenbach, R., Christensen, U. R., Glaeser, P., Stark, A., Steinbrugge, G., Oberst, J. 2021; 95 (1)
  • Challenges on Mercury's Interior Structure Posed by the New Measurements of its Obliquity and Tides GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS Steinbrugge, G., Dumberry, M., Rivoldini, A., Schubert, G., Cao, H., Schroeder, D., Soderlund, K. 2021; 48 (3)

    View details for DOI 10.1029/2020GL089895

  • The Salty Secrets of Icy Ocean Worlds (comment) JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-PLANETS Vance, S. D., Journaux, B., Hesse, M., Steinbrugge, G. 2021; 126 (1)

    View details for DOI 10.1029/2020JE006736

  • Processing of laser altimeter time-of-flight measurements to geodetic coordinates JOURNAL OF GEODESY Xiao, H., Stark, A., Steinbrugge, G., Hussmann, H., Oberst, J. 2021; 95 (2)
  • Brine Migration and Impact-Induced Cryovolcanism on Europa GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS Steinbrugge, G., Voigt, J. C., Wolfenbarger, N. S., Hamilton, C. W., Soderlund, K. M., Young, D. A., Blankenship, D. D., Vance, S. D., Schroeder, D. M. 2020; 47 (21)
  • The surface roughness of Europa derived from Galileo stereo images ICARUS Steinbruegge, G., Voigt, J. C., Schroeder, D. M., Stark, A., Haynes, M. S., Scanlan, K. M., Hamilton, C. W., Young, D. A., Hussmann, H., Grima, C., Blankenship, D. D. 2020; 343
  • Prospects for measuring Mercury's tidal Love number h(2) with the BepiColombo Laser Altimeter ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS Thor, R. N., Kallenbach, R., Christensen, U. R., Stark, A., Steinbrugge, G., Di Ruscio, A., Cappuccio, P., Iess, L., Hussmann, H., Oberst, J. 2020; 633
  • Martian roughness analogues of Europan terrains for radar sounder investigations ICARUS Gerekos, C., Grima, C., Steinbrügge, G., Thakur, S., Scanlan, K. M., Young, D. A., Bruzzone, L., Blankenship, D. D. 2020
  • Geometric determination of ionospheric total electron content from dual frequency radar sounding measurements PLANETARY AND SPACE SCIENCE Scanlan, K. M., Grima, C., Steinbrugge, G., Kempf, S. D., Young, D. A., Blankenship, D. D. 2019; 178
  • The Ganymede laser altimeter (GALA): key objectives, instrument design, and performance CEAS SPACE JOURNAL Hussmann, H., Lingenauber, K., Kallenbach, R., Enya, K., Thomas, N., Lara, L. M., Althaus, C., Araki, H., Behnke, T., Castro-Marin, J. M., Eisenmenger, H., Gerber, T., de la Revilla, M., Huettig, C., Ishibashi, K., Jimenez-Ortega, J., Kimura, J., Kobayashi, M., Loetzke, H., Lichopoj, A., Luedicke, F., Martinez-Navajas, I., Michaelis, H., Namiki, N., Noda, H., Oberst, J., Oshigami, S., Garcia, J., Rodrigo, J., Roesner, K., Stark, A., Steinbruegge, G., Thabaut, P., del Togno, S., Touhara, K., Villamil, S., Wendler, B., Wickhusen, K., Willner, K. 2019; 11 (4): 381–90
  • Measuring Ganymede's Librations with Laser Altimetry GEOSCIENCES Steinbrugge, G., Steinke, T., Thor, R., Stark, A., Hussmann, H. 2019; 9 (7)
  • Performance Model Simulation of Ganymede Laser Altimeter (GALA) for the JUICE Mission Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences, Aerospace Technology Japan Araki, H., Ishibashi, K., Namiki, N., Noda, H., Kobayashi, K., Enya, K., Ozaki, M., Mizuno, T., Saito, Y., Touhara, K., Oshigami, S., Kashima, S., Kimura, J., Kobayashi, S., Steinbrügge, G., Kimura, J., Stark, A., Althaus, C., Del Togno, S., Lingenauber, K., Hussmann, H. 2019; 17: 150-154

    View details for DOI 10.2322/tastj.17.150

  • Viscoelastic Tides of Mercury and the Determination of its Inner Core Size JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-PLANETS Steinbruegge, G., Padovan, S., Hussmann, H., Steinke, T., Stark, A., Oberst, J. 2018; 123 (10): 2760–72
  • The performance of the BepiColombo Laser Altimeter (BELA) prior launch and prospects for Mercury orbit operations PLANETARY AND SPACE SCIENCE Steinbruegge, G., Stark, A., Hussmann, H., Wickhusen, K., Oberst, J. 2018; 159: 84–92
  • The reference frames of Mercury after the MESSENGER mission JOURNAL OF GEODESY Stark, A., Oberst, J., Preusker, F., Burmeister, S., Steinbruegge, G., Hussman, H. 2018; 92 (9): 949–61
  • Science Objectives of the Ganymede Laser Altimeter (GALA) for the JUICE Mission Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences, Aerospace Technology Japan Kimura, J., Hussmann, H., Kamata, S., Matsumoto, K., Oberst, J., Steinbrügge, G., Stark, A., Gwinner, K., Oshigami, S., Namiki, N., Lingenauber, K., Enya, K., Kuramoto, K., Sasaki, S. 2018; 17: 234-243

    View details for DOI 10.2322/tastj.17.234

  • Assessing the potential for measuring Europa's tidal Love number h2 using radar sounder and topographic imager data Earth and Planetary Science Letters Steinbruegge, G., Schroeder, D. M., Haynes, M. S., Hussmann, H., Grima, C., Blankenship, D. D. 2017
  • Constraints on dissipation in the deep interiors of Ganymede and, Europa from tidal phase-lags Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy Hussmann, H., Shoji, D., Steinbrügge, G., Stark, A., Sohl, F. 2017; 126: 131-144
  • Measuring tidal deformations by laser altimetry. A performance model for the Ganymede Laser Altimeter PLANETARY AND SPACE SCIENCE Steinbruegge, G., Stark, A., Hussmann, H., Sohl, F., Oberst, J. 2015; 117: 184–91