Piero Pianetta, Postdoctoral Faculty Sponsor
High-resolution multicontrast tomography with an X-ray microarray anode-structured target source.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
2021; 118 (25)
Multicontrast X-ray imaging with high resolution and sensitivity using Talbot-Lau interferometry (TLI) offers unique imaging capabilities that are important to a wide range of applications, including the study of morphological features with different physical properties in biological specimens. The conventional X-ray TLI approach relies on an absorption grating to create an array of micrometer-sized X-ray sources, posing numerous limitations, including technical challenges associated with grating fabrication for high-energy operations. We overcome these limitations by developing a TLI system with a microarray anode-structured target (MAAST) source. The MAAST features an array of precisely controlled microstructured metal inserts embedded in a diamond substrate. Using this TLI system, tomography of a Drum fish tooth with high resolution and tri-contrast (absorption, phase, and scattering) reveals useful complementary structural information that is inaccessible otherwise. The results highlight the exceptional capability of high-resolution multicontrast X-ray tomography empowered by the MAAST-based TLI method in biomedical applications.
View details for DOI 10.1073/pnas.2103126118
View details for PubMedID 34140413
Fast Li Plating Behavior Probed by X-ray Computed Tomography.
Uneven lithium plating/stripping is an essential issue that inhibits stable cycling of a lithium metal anode and thus hinders its practical applications. The investigation of this process is challenging because it is difficult to observe lithium in an operating device. Here, we demonstrate that the microscopic lithium plating behavior can be observed in situ in a close-to-practical cell setup using X-ray computed tomography. The results reveal the formation of porous structure and its progressive evolution in space over the charging process with a large current. The elaborated analysis indicates that the microstructure of deposited lithium makes a significant impact on the subsequent lithium plating, and the impact of structural inhomogeneity, further exaggerated by the large-current charging, can lead to severely uneven lithium plating and eventually cell failure. Therefore, a codesign strategy involving delicate controls of microstructure and electrochemical conditions could be a necessity for the next-generation battery with lithium metal anode.
View details for DOI 10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c01389
View details for PubMedID 34105964
- Understanding multi-scale battery degradation with a macro-to-nano zoom through its hierarchy JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A 2021