James grew up in Oxford in the United Kingdom. He graduated from Cardiff University School of Medicine with honours in 2017, and has a BSc in Medical Education. Following graduation, he completed two years as a clinical academic in Dermatology at the University of Oxford, conducting research investigating patient-reported outcome measures and quality of life in patients with Graft-versus-Host-Disease following allogenic stem cell transplant. He has also extensively published in Medical Education, and is the Founder and Editor-in-Chief of a novel peer reviewed medical journal targeted at encouraging medical students to publish and peer review.
Kavita Sarin, Postdoctoral Faculty Sponsor
"Is this the GVHD?" A qualitative exploration of quality of life issues in individuals with graft-versus-host disease following allogeneic stem cell transplant and their experiences of a specialist multidisciplinary bone marrow transplant service.
Health and quality of life outcomes
2021; 19 (1): 11
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality following allogeneic stem cell transplantation. These patients face unique challenges due to the complexity of GVHD which can affect multiple organ systems, and the toxicity of treatments. Despite the known impact on quality of life (QOL), qualitative data within the bone marrow transplantation (BMT) literature is rare, and there has been no qualitative work exploring patient experience of specialist healthcare provision for GVHD in the United Kingdom.We conducted a primary explorative qualitative study of the experience of QOL issues and multidisciplinary care in patients with chronic GVHD following allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Eight patients were identified using convenience sampling from specialist BMT outpatient clinics. Following consent, patients were interviewed individually via telephone. Transcripts of interviews were analyzed using an inductive thematic approach.Mean participant age was 61-years-old (range 45-68), with a mean time post-transplant of 3 years at time of interview (range 3 months-15 years). Five key QOL themes were identified: (1) 'Restricted as to what I can do'; (2) Troubling symptoms-'you can sort of get GVHD anywhere'; (3) Confusion/uncertainty over GVHD symptoms-'Is this the GVHD?'; (4) Unpredictable course and uncertainty about the future; and (5) Adapting to the sick role. In addition, four themes related to experience of service provision were identified: (1) personal care and close relationship with BMT nurses; (2) efficiency versus long waits-'On the case straight away'; (3) information provision-'went into it with a bit of a rosy view'; and (4) the role of support groups.These qualitative data reflect the heterogeneity of experiences of the GVHD patient population, reflecting the need for a flexible and nuanced approach to patient care with emphasis on comprehensive information provision. We have identified the key role that BMT specialist nurses within the multidisciplinary team play in supporting patients. We advocate future research should focus on ways to meet the complex needs of this patient group and ensure that the personal care and close relationships are not lost in service redesigns embracing remote consultations.
View details for DOI 10.1186/s12955-020-01651-2
View details for PubMedID 33413414
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Systematic Review of Patient-Reported Outcome Measures in Graft-versus-Host-Disease.
Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. These patients face a unique challenge due to the complexity of GVHD and the toxicity of treatments received. GVHD has significant impact on quality of life (QOL), but this is not routinely evaluated formally. Despite the availability of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) to assess QOL, there is currently no consensus regarding the optimal PROMs that should be used to evaluate the impact of GVHD. We undertook a systematic review to determine the current evidence for the use of PROMs in assessment of QOL, symptom burden, and disease severity of patients with GVHD. A comprehensive systematic review based on the COSMIN guidelines was conducted to identify studies using PROMs (including those for QOL and symptom burden) in acute and chronic GVHD (cGVHD) patients. The following databases were searched: OVID Medline, AMED, CINAHL, Embase, PROQOLID, ProQuest, PsychINFO, and Social Sciences Citation Index from inception to May 2018. Hand searches updated the search to December 2018. Articles were screened by 2 independent reviewers, with discrepancies resolved by a third independent reviewer. Included articles were critically appraised using the COSMIN Risk of Bias tool, and relevant data on measurement properties for the included PROMs were extracted from within the target population. A total of 4545 articles were identified, and 64 articles reporting on 27 PROMs were included in this review. PROMs were separated into 5 groups; generic patient-reported measures (n = 7), cancer-specific measures (n = 4), bone marrow transplant-specific measures (n = 2), cGVHD-specific measures (n = 4), and dimension-specific measures (n = 10). Three PROMs (Human Activity Profile, Lee Symptom Scale, National Institutes of Health Eleven Point Scale) had evidence to support strong reliability (including internal consistency), responsiveness, and aspects of validity within the cGVHD population. Only 5 included PROMs were used in patients with acute GVHD. This review summarizes the current evidence regarding the use of 27 included PROMs in the context of GVHD. The choice of the most optimal PROM depends on the clinical or research context of use. Future research should comprehensively validate these tools in the GVHD population, including the testing and possible development of a PROM for use in acute GVHD, which remains a current critical gap in the existing literature.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.bbmt.2020.01.022
View details for PubMedID 32028026