Stanford Advisors

All Publications

  • Variable interaction outcomes of local disturbance and El Ni(n)over-tildeo-induced heat stress on coral microbiome alpha and beta diversity CORAL REEFS McDevitt-Irwin, J. M., Garren, M., McMinds, R., Thurber, R., Baum, J. K. 2019; 38 (2): 331–45
  • Global patterns and impacts of El Nino events on coral reefs: A meta-analysis PLOS ONE Claar, D. C., Szostek, L., McDevitt-Irwin, J. M., Schanze, J. J., Baum, J. K. 2018; 13 (2): e0190957


    Impacts of global climate change on coral reefs are being amplified by pulse heat stress events, including El Niño, the warm phase of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Despite reports of extensive coral bleaching and up to 97% coral mortality induced by El Niño events, a quantitative synthesis of the nature, intensity, and drivers of El Niño and La Niña impacts on corals is lacking. Herein, we first present a global meta-analysis of studies quantifying the effects of El Niño/La Niña-warming on corals, surveying studies from both the primary literature and International Coral Reef Symposium (ICRS) Proceedings. Overall, the strongest signal for El Niño/La Niña-associated coral bleaching was long-term mean temperature; bleaching decreased with decreasing long-term mean temperature (n = 20 studies). Additionally, coral cover losses during El Niño/La Niña were shaped by localized maximum heat stress and long-term mean temperature (n = 28 studies). Second, we present a method for quantifying coral heat stress which, for any coral reef location in the world, allows extraction of remotely-sensed degree heating weeks (DHW) for any date (since 1982), quantification of the maximum DHW, and the time lag since the maximum DHW. Using this method, we show that the 2015/16 El Niño event instigated unprecedented global coral heat stress across the world's oceans. With El Niño events expected to increase in frequency and severity this century, it is imperative that we gain a clear understanding of how these thermal stress anomalies impact different coral species and coral reef regions. We therefore finish with recommendations for future coral bleaching studies that will foster improved syntheses, as well as predictive and adaptive capacity to extreme warming events.

    View details for PubMedID 29401493

  • A communal catalogue reveals Earth's multiscale microbial diversity NATURE Thompson, L. R., Sanders, J. G., McDonald, D., Amir, A., Ladau, J., Locey, K. J., Prill, R. J., Tripathi, A., Gibbons, S. M., Ackermann, G., Navas-Molina, J. A., Janssen, S., Kopylova, E., Vazquez-Baeza, Y., Gonzalez, A., Morton, J. T., Mirarab, S., Xu, Z., Jiang, L., Haroon, M. F., Kanbar, J., Zhu, Q., Song, S., Kosciolek, T., Bokulich, N. A., Lefler, J., Brislawn, C. J., Humphrey, G., Owens, S. M., Hampton-Marcell, J., Berg-Lyons, D., McKenzie, V., Fierer, N., Fuhrman, J. A., Clauset, A., Stevens, R. L., Shade, A., Pollard, K. S., Goodwin, K. D., Jansson, J. K., Gilbert, J. A., Knight, R., Earth Microbiome Project Consortiu 2017; 551 (7681): 457-+


    Our growing awareness of the microbial world's importance and diversity contrasts starkly with our limited understanding of its fundamental structure. Despite recent advances in DNA sequencing, a lack of standardized protocols and common analytical frameworks impedes comparisons among studies, hindering the development of global inferences about microbial life on Earth. Here we present a meta-analysis of microbial community samples collected by hundreds of researchers for the Earth Microbiome Project. Coordinated protocols and new analytical methods, particularly the use of exact sequences instead of clustered operational taxonomic units, enable bacterial and archaeal ribosomal RNA gene sequences to be followed across multiple studies and allow us to explore patterns of diversity at an unprecedented scale. The result is both a reference database giving global context to DNA sequence data and a framework for incorporating data from future studies, fostering increasingly complete characterization of Earth's microbial diversity.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/nature24621

    View details for Web of Science ID 000416043700036

    View details for PubMedID 29088705

  • Responses of coral-associated bacterial communities to local and global stressors Frontiers in Marine Science McDevitt-Irwin, J. M., Baum, J. K., Garren, M., Vega Thurber, R. L. 2017; 4 (262)

    View details for DOI 10.3389/fmars.2017.00262

  • Reassessing the nursery role of seagrass habitats from temperate to tropical regions: a meta-analysis MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES McDevitt-Irwin, J. M., Iacarella, J. C., Baum, J. K. 2016; 557: 133–43

    View details for DOI 10.3354/meps11848

    View details for Web of Science ID 000387114000010

  • Missing the safety net: evidence for inconsistent and insufficient management of at-risk marine fishes in Canada CANADIAN JOURNAL OF FISHERIES AND AQUATIC SCIENCES McDevitt-Irwin, J., Fuller, S., Grant, C., Baum, J. 2015; 72 (10): 1596–1608