Doctor of Philosophy, Stanford University, ME-PHD (2017)
Doctor of Philosophy, Stanford University, CS-PMN (2017)
Daniel Rubin, Postdoctoral Faculty Sponsor
Weakly supervised classification of rare aortic valve malformations using unlabeled cardiac MRI sequences
View details for DOI 10.1038/s41467-019-11012-3
Learning to Compose Domain-Specific Transformations for Data Augmentation.
Advances in neural information processing systems
2017; 30: 3239–49
Data augmentation is a ubiquitous technique for increasing the size of labeled training sets by leveraging task-specific data transformations that preserve class labels. While it is often easy for domain experts to specify individual transformations, constructing and tuning the more sophisticated compositions typically needed to achieve state-of-the-art results is a time-consuming manual task in practice. We propose a method for automating this process by learning a generative sequence model over user-specified transformation functions using a generative adversarial approach. Our method can make use of arbitrary, non-deterministic transformation functions, is robust to misspecified user input, and is trained on unlabeled data. The learned transformation model can then be used to perform data augmentation for any end discriminative model. In our experiments, we show the efficacy of our approach on both image and text datasets, achieving improvements of 4.0 accuracy points on CIFAR-10, 1.4 F1 points on the ACE relation extraction task, and 3.4 accuracy points when using domain-specific transformation operations on a medical imaging dataset as compared to standard heuristic augmentation approaches.
View details for PubMedID 29375240
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