Dr. Wang was trained at the Jacques Monod Institute and École Normale Supérieure in Paris, France under the mentorship of Dr. Terence Strick. and obtained his Ph.D. degree from the University of Paris in 2019. He dissected the molecular machinery of human and bacterial NHEJ, and interrogated the mechanism of SpCas9 tolerance to non-specific substrate using single-molecule nanomanipulation tools.
Jinglong’s research in the Frock Lab focuses on DSB-related chromosome topological changes and genomic interactions.

Program Affiliations

Stanford Advisors


  • Terence Strick, Charlie Grosse, Dorota Kostrz, Jinglong Wang, Marc Nadal. "France Patent 1762848 Molecule d'ADN Double- Brin pour la Detection et la Caracterisation des Interactions Moleculaires", CNRS, Dec 21, 2018

All Publications

  • DNA-PKcs suppresses illegitimate chromosome rearrangements. Nucleic acids research Wang, J., Sadeghi, C. A., Frock, R. L. 2024


    Two DNA repair pathways, non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) and alternative end joining (A-EJ), are involved in V(D)J recombination and chromosome translocation. Previous studies reported distinct repair mechanisms for chromosome translocation, with NHEJ involved in humans and A-EJ in mice predominantly. NHEJ depends on DNA-PKcs, a critical partner in synapsis formation and downstream component activation. While DNA-PKcs inhibition promotes chromosome translocations harboring microhomologies in mice, its synonymous effect in humans is not known. We find partial DNA-PKcs inhibition in human cells leads to increased translocations and the continued involvement of a dampened NHEJ. In contrast, complete DNA-PKcs inhibition substantially increased microhomology-mediated end joining (MMEJ), thus bridging the two different translocation mechanisms between human and mice. Similar to a previous study on Ku70 deletion, DNA-PKcs deletion in G1/G0-phase mouse progenitor B cell lines, significantly impairs V(D)J recombination and generated higher rates of translocations as a consequence of dysregulated coding and signal end joining. Genetic DNA-PKcs inhibition suppresses NHEJ entirely, with repair phenotypically resembling Ku70-deficient A-EJ. In contrast, we find DNA-PKcs necessary in generating the near-exclusive MMEJ associated with Lig4 deficiency. Our study underscores DNA-PKcs in suppressing illegitimate chromosome rearrangement while also contributing to MMEJ in both species.

    View details for DOI 10.1093/nar/gkae140

    View details for PubMedID 38412274

  • Shifted PAMs generate DNA overhangs and enhance SpCas9 post-catalytic complex dissociation. Nature structural & molecular biology Wang, J., Le Gall, J., Frock, R. L., Strick, T. R. 2023


    Using Sanger sequencing and high-throughput genome sequencing of DNA cleavage reactions, we find that the Streptococcus pyogenes SpCas9 complex responds to internal mechanical strain by robustly generating a distribution of overhanging, rather than blunt, DNA ends. Internal mechanical strain is generated by shifting (increasing or decreasing) the spacing between the RNA-DNA hybrid and the downstream canonical PAM. Up to 2-base 3' overhangs can be robustly generated via a 2-base increase in the distance between hybrid and PAM. We also use single-molecule experiments to reconstruct the full course of the CRISPR-SpCas9 reaction in real-time, structurally and kinetically monitoring and quantifying R-loop formation, the first and second DNA-incision events, and dissociation of the post-catalytic complex. Complex dissociation and release of broken DNA ends is a rate-limiting step of the reaction, and shifted SpCas9 is sufficiently destabilized so as to rapidly dissociate after formation of broken DNA ends.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41594-023-01104-6

    View details for PubMedID 37828409

    View details for PubMedCentralID 5898235

  • Increased AID Results in Mutations at the CRLF2 Locus Implicated in Latin American ALL Health Disparities. Research square Pannunzio, N., Rangel, V., Sterrenberg, J., Garawi, A., Mezcord, V., Folkerts, M., Caulderon, S., Wang, J., Soyfer, E., Eng, O., Valerin, J., Tanjasiri, S., Quintero-Rivera, F., Masri, S., Seldin, M., Frock, R., Fleischman, A. 2023


    Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) is a B cell-specific base editor required during class switch recombination and somatic hypermutation for B cell maturation and antibody diversification. However, it has also been implicated as a factor in the etiology of several B cell malignancies. Evaluating the AID-induced mutation load in patients at-risk for certain types of blood cancers is critical in assessing disease severity and treatment options. Here, we have developed a digital PCR (dPCR) assay that allows us to track the mutational landscape resulting from AID modification or DNA double-strand break (DSB) formation and repair at sites known to be prone to DSBs. Implementation of this new assay showed that increased AID levels in immature B cells increases genome instability at loci linked to translocation formation. This included the CRLF2 locus that is often involved in chromosomal translocations associated with a subtype of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that disproportionately affects Latin Americans (LAs). To support this LA-specific identification of AID mutation signatures, we characterized DNA from immature B cells isolated from the bone marrow of ALL patients. Our ability to detect and quantify these mutation signatures will potentiate future risk identification, early detection of cancers, and reduction of associated cancer health disparities.

    View details for DOI 10.21203/

    View details for PubMedID 37790327

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC10543404

  • DNA End Joining: G0-ing to the Core. Biomolecules Frock, R. L., Sadeghi, C., Meng, J., Wang, J. L. 2021; 11 (10)


    Humans have evolved a series of DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair pathways to efficiently and accurately rejoin nascently formed pairs of double-stranded DNA ends (DSEs). In G0/G1-phase cells, non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) and alternative end joining (A-EJ) operate to support covalent rejoining of DSEs. While NHEJ is predominantly utilized and collaborates extensively with the DNA damage response (DDR) to support pairing of DSEs, much less is known about A-EJ collaboration with DDR factors when NHEJ is absent. Non-cycling lymphocyte progenitor cells use NHEJ to complete V(D)J recombination of antigen receptor genes, initiated by the RAG1/2 endonuclease which holds its pair of targeted DSBs in a synapse until each specified pair of DSEs is handed off to the NHEJ DSB sensor complex, Ku. Similar to designer endonuclease DSBs, the absence of Ku allows for A-EJ to access RAG1/2 DSEs but with random pairing to complete their repair. Here, we describe recent insights into the major phases of DSB end joining, with an emphasis on synapsis and tethering mechanisms, and bring together new and old concepts of NHEJ vs. A-EJ and on RAG2-mediated repair pathway choice.

    View details for DOI 10.3390/biom11101487

    View details for PubMedID 34680120

  • Dynamics of Ku and bacterial non-homologous end-joining characterized using single DNA molecule analysis. Nucleic acids research Öz, R. n., Wang, J. L., Guerois, R. n., Goyal, G. n., Kk, S. n., Ropars, V. n., Sharma, R. n., Koca, F. n., Charbonnier, J. B., Modesti, M. n., Strick, T. R., Westerlund, F. n. 2021


    We use single-molecule techniques to characterize the dynamics of prokaryotic DNA repair by non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ), a system comprised only of the dimeric Ku and Ligase D (LigD). The Ku homodimer alone forms a ∼2 s synapsis between blunt DNA ends that is increased to ∼18 s upon addition of LigD, in a manner dependent on the C-terminal arms of Ku. The synapsis lifetime increases drastically for 4 nt complementary DNA overhangs, independently of the C-terminal arms of Ku. These observations are in contrast to human Ku, which is unable to bridge either of the two DNA substrates. We also demonstrate that bacterial Ku binds the DNA ends in a cooperative manner for synapsis initiation and remains stably bound at DNA junctions for several hours after ligation is completed, indicating that a system for removal of the proteins is active in vivo. Together these experiments shed light on the dynamics of bacterial NHEJ in DNA end recognition and processing. We speculate on the evolutionary similarities between bacterial and eukaryotic NHEJ and discuss how an increased understanding of bacterial NHEJ can open the door for future antibiotic therapies targeting this mechanism.

    View details for DOI 10.1093/nar/gkab083

    View details for PubMedID 33590005

  • Mechanism of efficient double-strand break repair by a long non-coding RNA. Nucleic acids research Thapar, R., Wang, J. L., Hammel, M., Ye, R., Liang, K., Sun, C., Hnizda, A., Liang, S., Maw, S. S., Lee, L., Villarreal, H., Forrester, I., Fang, S., Tsai, M. S., Blundell, T. L., Davis, A. J., Lin, C., Lees-Miller, S. P., Strick, T. R., Tainer, J. A. 2020


    Mechanistic studies in DNA repair have focused on roles of multi-protein DNA complexes, so how long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulate DNA repair is less well understood. Yet, lncRNA LINP1 is over-expressed in multiple cancers and confers resistance to ionizing radiation and chemotherapeutic drugs. Here, we unveil structural and mechanistic insights into LINP1's ability to facilitate non-homologous end joining (NHEJ). We characterized LINP1 structure and flexibility and analyzed interactions with the NHEJ factor Ku70/Ku80 (Ku) and Ku complexes that direct NHEJ. LINP1 self-assembles into phase-separated condensates via RNA-RNA interactions that reorganize to form filamentous Ku-containing aggregates. Structured motifs in LINP1 bind Ku, promoting Ku multimerization and stabilization of the initial synaptic event for NHEJ. Significantly, LINP1 acts as an effective proxy for PAXX. Collective results reveal how lncRNA effectively replaces a DNA repair protein for efficient NHEJ with implications for development of resistance to cancer therapy.

    View details for DOI 10.1093/nar/gkaa784

    View details for PubMedID 33045735

  • A Modular DNA Scaffold to Study Protein-Protein Interactions at Single-Molecule Resolution Kostrz, D. N., Wayment-Steele, H. K., Wang, J., Follenfant, M., Pande, V. S., Triller, A., Specht, C. G., Strick, T. R., Gosse, C. CELL PRESS. 2020: 187A
  • A modular DNA scaffold to study protein-protein interactions at single-molecule resolution. Nature nanotechnology Kostrz, D. n., Wayment-Steele, H. K., Wang, J. L., Follenfant, M. n., Pande, V. S., Strick, T. R., Gosse, C. n. 2019


    The residence time of a drug on its target has been suggested as a more pertinent metric of therapeutic efficacy than the traditionally used affinity constant. Here, we introduce junctured-DNA tweezers as a generic platform that enables real-time observation, at the single-molecule level, of biomolecular interactions. This tool corresponds to a double-strand DNA scaffold that can be nanomanipulated and on which proteins of interest can be engrafted thanks to widely used genetic tagging strategies. Thus, junctured-DNA tweezers allow a straightforward and robust access to single-molecule force spectroscopy in drug discovery, and more generally in biophysics. Proof-of-principle experiments are provided for the rapamycin-mediated association between FKBP12 and FRB, a system relevant in both medicine and chemical biology. Individual interactions were monitored under a range of applied forces and temperatures, yielding after analysis the characteristic features of the energy profile along the dissociation landscape.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41565-019-0542-7

    View details for PubMedID 31548690

  • Dissection of DNA double-strand-break repair using novel single-molecule forceps. Nature structural & molecular biology Wang, J. L., Duboc, C., Wu, Q., Ochi, T., Liang, S., Tsutakawa, S. E., Lees-Miller, S. P., Nadal, M., Tainer, J. A., Blundell, T. L., Strick, T. R. 2018; 25 (6): 482-487


    Repairing DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) by nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) requires multiple proteins to recognize and bind DNA ends, process them for compatibility, and ligate them together. We constructed novel DNA substrates for single-molecule nanomanipulation, allowing us to mechanically detect, probe, and rupture in real-time DSB synapsis by specific human NHEJ components. DNA-PKcs and Ku allow DNA end synapsis on the 100 ms timescale, and the addition of PAXX extends this lifetime to ~2 s. Further addition of XRCC4, XLF and ligase IV results in minute-scale synapsis and leads to robust repair of both strands of the nanomanipulated DNA. The energetic contribution of the different components to synaptic stability is typically on the scale of a few kilocalories per mole. Our results define assembly rules for NHEJ machinery and unveil the importance of weak interactions, rapidly ruptured even at sub-picoNewton forces, in regulating this multicomponent chemomechanical system for genome integrity.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41594-018-0065-1

    View details for PubMedID 29786079

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5990469

  • The histone H3.3K36M mutation reprograms the epigenome of chondroblastomas. Science (New York, N.Y.) Fang, D., Gan, H., Lee, J. H., Han, J., Wang, Z., Riester, S. M., Jin, L., Chen, J., Zhou, H., Wang, J., Zhang, H., Yang, N., Bradley, E. W., Ho, T. H., Rubin, B. P., Bridge, J. A., Thibodeau, S. N., Ordog, T., Chen, Y., van Wijnen, A. J., Oliveira, A. M., Xu, R. M., Westendorf, J. J., Zhang, Z. 2016; 352 (6291): 1344-8


    More than 90% of chondroblastomas contain a heterozygous mutation replacing lysine-36 with methionine-36 (K36M) in the histone H3 variant H3.3. Here we show that H3K36 methylation is reduced globally in human chondroblastomas and in chondrocytes harboring the same genetic mutation, due to inhibition of at least two H3K36 methyltransferases, MMSET and SETD2, by the H3.3K36M mutant proteins. Genes with altered expression as well as H3K36 di- and trimethylation in H3.3K36M cells are enriched in cancer pathways. In addition, H3.3K36M chondrocytes exhibit several hallmarks of cancer cells, including increased ability to form colonies, resistance to apoptosis, and defects in differentiation. Thus, H3.3K36M proteins reprogram the H3K36 methylation landscape and contribute to tumorigenesis, in part through altering the expression of cancer-associated genes.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/science.aae0065

    View details for PubMedID 27229140

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5460624