Johannes Junge Ruhland studies manuscripts in Old French, Old Occitan and Franco-Italian. He holds a BA in French and Latin from the University of Geneva, and MA in French from King’s College London, and is now pursuing a PhD in French at Stanford University, where he also teaches French language and literature.

In his current research, Johannes studies various forms of incongruence in multi-text manuscripts, pursuing the argument that under certain conditions, incongruence triggers in the manuscript’s readers specific thought experiments. This, he contends, allows to account for a large corpus of vernacular manuscripts otherwise studied as disorderly miscellanies, or else studied for the individual texts they contain. Johannes’ aim is to reassess medieval reading practices as immersive, participatory, and collective, to place the manuscript front and centre as the object of reading, and to pave the way for a pragmatic anthropology of vernacular literacy. His research has received funding from the Europe Center at Stanford University.

Visit Johannes’ profile for a list of publications.

Keywords: collectives, thought experiments, irony, incongruence, variance, non-intended readership, philology, poetics, pragmatics

Honors & Awards

  • Access 2021 Scholarship, Rare Book School, Charlottesville, VA (2021)
  • Graduate Student Grant, The Europe Center at Stanford University (2020)
  • Mary Bennett Prize, King's College London (2017-2018)
  • Sévigné Studentship, King's College London (2017-2018)
  • Prix de la Fondation Hardt, Fondation Hardt pour l'étude de l'Antiquité classique, Vandoeuvres, Geneva, CH. (2013)