Dr. Dewan was born and raised in Kalamazoo, Michigan. She attended college and medical school in Chicago at Northwestern University as part of the Honors Program in Medical Education (HPME). During her residency in Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery Dr. Dewan trained in both Houston and Memphis. She completed a Laryngology fellowship at UCLA under Dr. Gerald Berke and Dr. Dinesh Chhetri.
As a Laryngologist, Dr. Dewan specializes in adult surgeries for swallowing, speaking and breathing disorders. She has a special interest in the surgical management of dysphagia, rehabilitation after total laryngectomy and the treatment of chronic cough. She has authored book chapters and published papers and continues to conduct clinical research in these areas, particularly with a focus on swallowing function and quality of life. She serves as a peer reviewer for multiple journals and a committee member within the American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery.
Assistant Professor - Med Center Line, Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery Divisions
Honors & Awards
Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, The American College of Surgeons (2019)
Cochrane Scholar, American Academy of Otolaryngology (2018)
ENT Young Investigator Award, American College of Surgeons (2017)
Travel Grant, National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association (2016)
Graduate with Distinction in Clinical Research, Feinberg School of Medicine (2009)
Honors in Otolaryngology, Feinberg School of Medicine (2008)
Medical Student Research Paper Prize, American Academy of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) (2008)
Doris Duke Clinical Research Fellowship, Washington University in St. Louis (2007-2008)
Medical Student Summer Research Grant, Feinberg School of Medicine (2005)
Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations
Resident Member, American Broncho-Esophageal Association (2017 - Present)
Member, Laryngology Bronchoesophagology Education Committee. American Academy of Otolaryngology (2016 - 2018)
Physician Advisor, Surgical Technology Training Program. Concorde Career College (2013 - 2015)
Peer Reviewer, JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (2012 - Present)
Peer Reviewer, The Laryngoscope (2012 - Present)
Resident Member, Sleep Disorders Committee. American Academy of Otolaryngology (2011 - 2015)
Resident Member, Allergy Immunology Review Committee. The Baylor College of Medicine (2011 - 2012)
Student Representative, Feinberg School of Medicine Curriculum Committee (2005 - 2009)
Fellowship: UCLA Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery Residency (2017) CA
Residency: University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center (2015)
Medical Education: Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine (2009) IL
Board Certification: Otolaryngology, American Board of Otolaryngology (2016)
Board Certification, American Board of Otolaryngology, Otolaryngology (2016)
Residency: Baylor College of Medicine GME Office (2012) TX
Fellowship, Washington University in St Louis, Doris Duke Clinical Research Fellowship (2008)
Cricopharyngeal Achalasia: Management and Associated Outcomes-A Scoping Review.
Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
OBJECTIVE: There is little consensus regarding the efficacy and safety of treatment options for cricopharyngeal (CP) achalasia. The purpose of this scoping review is to assess the literature regarding the various treatments for this disease.DATA SOURCES: PubMed was searched for all articles addressing treatment of adult CP achalasia between January 1990 and June 2019.REVIEW METHODS: In total, 351 peer-reviewed results were reviewed by 3 otolaryngologists for inclusion. After review of titles, abstracts, and full texts, 60 articles were selected.RESULTS: Among included studies, 55% were retrospective and 45% were prospective. Forty-five percent of studies were case series. CP achalasia etiologies included idiopathic (28%), cerebrovascular accident (CVA) (28%), neurologic disease (17%), head and neck radiation treatment (11%), Zenker's diverticulum (10%), and myositis (5%). Most commonly employed treatments were botulinum toxin injection (40%), endoscopic CP myotomy (30%), dilation with either balloon or bougie (25%), and open CP myotomy (15%). A proportion of patients were treated with more than 1 approach. Most studies included both subjective and objective outcome measures. Complications were reported most often in patients with a history of head and neck radiation.CONCLUSIONS: Small sample sizes and heterogeneity of causes and treatments of CP achalasia, as well as short duration of follow-up, make it challenging to assess the superiority of one treatment over another. There is a need for a prospective study that more directly compares outcomes of administration of botulinum toxin, dilation, and CP myotomy in patients with CP achalasia of similar etiologies.
View details for DOI 10.1177/0194599820931470
View details for PubMedID 32571156
- Anterior cervical pain syndrome: Risk factors, variations in hyolaryngeal anatomy, and treatments WILEY. 2020: 702–5
Where Dysphagia Begins: Polypharmacy and Xerostomia.
Federal practitioner : for the health care professionals of the VA, DoD, and PHS
2020; 37 (5): 234–41
Xerostomia, the subjective sensation of dry mouth, contributes to dysarthria, dysphagia, and diminished quality of life. Polypharmacy is a known and modifiable risk factor for xerostomia. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of dry mouth, the relationship between dry mouth and other oral conditions, and the impact of polypharmacy on dry mouth.This study was a retrospective cross-sectional study of all patients seen in fiscal year (FY) 2015 (October 1, 2014 to September 30, 2015) at the VA Palo Alto Health Care System (VAPAHCS), a tertiary care US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital. Patients diagnosed with xerostomia were identified using ICD-9 codes (527.7, 527.8, R68.2) and Systemized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) codes (87715008, 78948009).Of all the patients seen at VAPAHCS during FY 2015, 138 had a diagnostic code for xerostomia; of those patients, 84 had at least 1 documented speech, dentition, or swallowing (SDS) problem, and 55 (39.9%) were taking ≥ 12 medications, more than twice as many patients as in any one of the other groups studied (0-2, 3-5, 6-8, and 9-11 medications taken). Although 4,971 total patients seen at VAPAHCS had documented SDS problems during FY 2015, of those patients only 77 (1.5%) had an additional recorded diagnosis of xerostomia.Heightened physician awareness regarding the signs and symptoms of and risk factors for xerostomia is needed to improve health care providers' ability to diagnose dry mouth. Polypharmacy also must be considered when developing new strategies for preventing and treating xerostomia.
View details for PubMedID 32454578
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7241606
Building an integrated multidisciplinary swallowing disorder clinic: considerations, challenges, and opportunities.
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Dysphagia is a complex condition with numerous causes, symptoms, and treatments. As such, patients with dysphagia commonly require a multidisciplinary approach to their evaluation and treatment. Integrated multidisciplinary clinics provide an optimal format for a collaborative approach to patient care. In this manuscript, we will discuss considerations for teams looking to build a multidisciplinary dysphagia clinic, including what professionals are typically involved, what patients benefit most from this approach, what tests are most appropriate for which symptoms, financial issues, and traversing interpersonal challenges.
View details for DOI 10.1111/nyas.14435
View details for PubMedID 32686095
The Safety and Efficacy of Transnasal Humidified Rapid-Insufflation Ventilatory Exchange for Laryngologic Surgery.
Transnasal humidified rapid-insufflation ventilatory exchange (THRIVE) is an intraoperative ventilatory technique that allows avoidance of tracheal intubation (TI) or jet ventilation (JV) in selected laryngologic surgical cases. Unimpeded access to all parts of the glottis may improve surgical precision, decrease operative time, and potentially improve patient outcomes. The objective of this prospective, randomized, patient-blinded, 2-arm parallel pilot trial was to investigate the safety and efficacy of THRIVE use for adult patients undergoing nonlaser laryngologic surgery of short-to-intermediate duration.Twenty adult, American society of anesthesiology class 1-3 patients with body mass index (BMI) < 35 kg/m2 were randomly assigned to either an experimental THRIVE group or active comparator conventional ventilation group (TI or supraglottic high-frequency JV [SHFJV]). Primary outcomes included intraoperative oxygenation, anesthesia awakening/extubation time, time to laryngoscopic suspension, number of intraoperative suspension adjustments, and operative time. Secondary patient outcomes including postanesthesia and functional patient recovery were investigated.Compared to TI/SHFJV, THRIVE use was associated with significantly lower intraoperative oxygenation (SpO2 93.0 ± 5.6% vs. 98.7 ± 1.6%), shorter time to suspension (1.8 ± 1.1 minutes vs. 4.3 ± 2.1 minutes), fewer suspension adjustments (0.4 ± 0.5 vs. 1.7 ± 0.9), and lower postoperative pain scores on recovery room admission (1.3 ± 1.9 vs. 3.7 ± 2.9) and discharge (0.9 ± 1.3 vs. 2.7 ± 1.8). The study was underpowered to detect other possible outcome differences.We confirm the safe intraoperative oxygenation profile of THRIVE for selected patients undergoing nonlaser laryngologic surgery of short-to-intermediate duration. THRIVE facilitated surgical exposure and improved early patient recovery, suggesting a potential economic benefit for outpatient laryngologic procedures. The results of this exploratory study provide a framework for designing future adequately powered THRIVE trials.ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03091179).II Laryngoscope, 2020.
View details for DOI 10.1002/lary.28562
View details for PubMedID 32078170
False Identity: Lymphoid Hyperplasia Imitating a Large Paraganglioma.
Indian journal of otolaryngology and head and neck surgery : official publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India
2019; 71 (Suppl 1): 790–94
The danger of the parapharyngeal space mass comes from the small space and vital neighboring structures. Its differential diagnosis is broad, however benign lymphoid hyperplasia in this region has not been previously reported. The clinical presentation, imaging, surgical findings and pathology slides were reviewed in an adult patient with a parapharyngeal space mass. The literature on somatostatin-positive parapharyngeal space lesions was reviewed. A 51-year old male with otalgia for 3months, hearing loss, and tinnitus underwent audiogram, revealing asymmetric hearing loss. Laryngoscopy demonstrated a paretic true vocal cord. Subsequent MRI demonstrated 4.5cm post-styloid parapharyngeal space mass displacing the carotid artery anterolaterally. Octreoscan scan showed significant uptake of the somatostatin analog. Angiogram showed prominent vascular blush. The mass was excised transcervically and histopathology demonstrated lymphoid hyperplasia. This case demonstrates that post-styloid parapharyngeal masses may be lateral retropharyngeal nodes. An octreotide-positive lymphoid hyperplasia has never been previously reported.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s12070-018-1552-8
View details for PubMedID 31742065
Hematologic malignancies of the larynx: A single institution review.
American journal of otolaryngology
BACKGROUND: Primary hematologic malignancies of the larynx are rare diagnoses, accounting for less than 1% of all laryngeal tumors. They most commonly present as submucosal masses of the supraglottis, with symptoms including hoarseness, dysphagia, dyspnea and rarely cervical lymphadenopathy.PURPOSE: METHODS: Retrospective case series of patients in a tertiary academic laryngeal practice with hematologic malignancy of the larynx presenting over a 10 year period; charts were reviewed for diagnosis, symptoms, treatment, and outcomes.RESULTS: 12 patients were found to have primary presentation of a hematologic malignancy within the larynx between 2009 and 2019. A submucosal mass was the most common finding, and hoarseness was the most common symptom. Local control of disease was high. Airway obstruction was managed with tracheostomy. Several patients required tube feeding prior to disease control. Most patients underwent radiation therapy and chemotherapy, although surgery alone was effective in patients with isolated disease.CONCLUSIONS: Hematologic malignancies of the larynx are rare but treatable. Biopsy is the mainstay of diagnosis, and imaging may be helpful to exclude diseases with a similar physical presentation (i.e., laryngocele). Prognosis depends on diagnosis but is generally favorable.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.amjoto.2019.102285
View details for PubMedID 31515071
- Endoscopic Management of Postradiation Dysphagia in Head and Neck Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review ANNALS OF OTOLOGY RHINOLOGY AND LARYNGOLOGY 2019; 128 (8): 767–73
Anterior cervical pain syndrome: Risk factors, variations in hyolaryngeal anatomy, and treatments.
OBJECTIVE: Anterior cervical pain syndromes (ACPS) are a poorly understood entity associated with lateral neck discomfort when talking, chewing, or yawning, and with occasional excruciating pain and dysphagia. This investigation aims to describe patients with ACPS presenting symptoms and treatments.STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of all patients with ACPS presenting to a tertiary care laryngology practice in 1 year.METHODS: All patients diagnosed with ACPS for 1 year were reviewed. Patient gender, age, body mass index (BMI), and pain triggers were documented. The hyolaryngeal complex was measured on computed tomography (CT) scans of the neck. Treatments were recorded.RESULTS: Nine patients were diagnosed with an ACPS in a 1-year period. Sixty-seven percent were female with an average age of 47.3 years ± 16.6. The average BMI of a patient with ACPS was 24.8 ± 3.69. The most common symptom was point tenderness at the lateral aspect of the hyoid or superior cornu of the thyroid cartilage (89%). Pain triggers included speaking (67%), head turn (56%), chewing (44%), yawning (56%), and swallowing (56%). On CT imaging, eight of nine patients had abnormalities of the hyoid bone or the superior cornu of the thyroid cartilage, correlating 100% with point tenderness location. Treatments include physical therapy (33%), steroid injection (44%), lidocaine injection (22%), and surgical intervention (56%).CONCLUSION: ACPS is a frustrating condition for patients and physicians. Evaluation of anterior cervical pain with point tenderness should include imaging measurement of the thyrohyoid complex. Effective treatments include local steroid injection and surgical resection of the abnormal structure.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Laryngoscope, 2019.
View details for PubMedID 31050806
Endoscopic Management of Postradiation Dysphagia in Head and Neck Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review.
The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology
OBJECTIVES:: To systematically review the success rate and safety profile of the available endoscopic surgical options for radiation-induced dysphagia in head and neck cancer patients following organ preservation treatment, including upper esophageal sphincter (UES) dilation, cricopharyngeus (CP) myotomy (CPM), and CP intramuscular botulinum toxin (Botox) injection.METHODS:: A search of MEDLINE, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Cochrane databases was done to identify articles published between January 1980 and December 2017. Pediatric series, foreign language articles, series with Zenker's diverticulum or following primary surgical treatment including laryngectomy, open UES/CP surgery, or samples with fewer than 5 patients were excluded.RESULTS:: An initial search identified 539 articles. All titles and abstracts were reviewed. One hundred and sixteen potentially relevant articles were inspected in more detail, and 14 retrospective studies met eligibility criteria. Dilation group included 10 studies on anterograde and/or retrograde dilation, with an overall 208 patients. Success rate ranged from 42% to 100%. The endoscopic CPM group included 3 studies with a total of 36 patients, and the success rate ranged from 27% to 90%. In the Botox group, 1 one study with 20 patients met our inclusion criteria, with an overall 65% success rate (13/20). Major complications were only reported in the dilation group, which included esophageal perforation and death.CONCLUSIONS:: The lack of consistency across trials indicates insufficient evidence for guiding clinical practice. This systematic review suggests the need for greater standardization of outcomes and instruments. Future prospective evaluation should use validated patient-rated and clinician-rated assessment tools to optimally measure postoperative swallowing outcomes of head and neck cancer dysphagic patients following organ preservation therapy.
View details for PubMedID 30895823
- An Unusual Cause of Epistaxis: Paranasal Sinus Myeloid Sarcoma CASE REPORTS IN HEMATOLOGY 2019
Utility of videolaryngoscopy for diagnostic and therapeutic interventions in head and neck surgery.
American journal of otolaryngology
Videolaryngoscopy is commonly used by anesthesiologists to manage difficult airways. Recently otolaryngologists have reported use in select procedures; to date there is limited evaluation in head and neck surgery.Patients who underwent direct laryngoscopy (DL) with use of GlideScope videolaryngoscopy (GVL) were retrospectively identified from a tertiary care Veterans Affairs hospital. GVL was used to assist or replace traditional laryngoscopes for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.Nineteen patients (48-83 years old) underwent 21 procedures. Difficult endotracheal intubation was reported in 53% of patients. GVL replaced traditional DL in 76% of cases, assisted evaluation prior to traditional DL in 10%, and rescued failed traditional DL in 14%. No complications occurred. Three indications for GVL were identified.GVL was safe in our experience and provides unique benefits in selected scenarios in head and neck surgery. Otolaryngologists can consider videolaryngoscopy as a complement to traditional DL.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.amjoto.2019.102284
View details for PubMedID 32505434
An Unusual Cause of Epistaxis: Paranasal Sinus Myeloid Sarcoma.
Case reports in hematology
2019; 2019: 1312630
We report a case of a 65-year-old female who presented with right-sided headaches, blurring of vision in the right eye, cold-induced epistaxis, and facial numbness in the trigeminal nerve distribution. Laboratory studies revealed a significant number of myeloblasts on peripheral smear with granulated cytoplasm, irregular nuclei, and prominent vacuoles. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain demonstrated a T1-enhancing 1.5 cm right-sided dural-based lesion involving the medial sphenoid wing, cavernous sinus, infratemporal fossa, and sphenoid sinus region. An endoscopic biopsy of the lesion within the sphenoid sinus confirmed the diagnosis of myeloid sarcoma, with myeloblasts comprising 30% of cellularity by flow cytometry. A subsequent bone marrow biopsy revealed a hypercellular marrow with 23% blasts by flow cytometry that demonstrated a similar immunophenotypic pattern to those seen in the sinus mass. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) testing revealed the balanced translocation t(8;21)(q22;q22.1), consistent with a diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia with RUNX1-RUNX1T1-balanced translocation by WHO 2016 criteria. Myeloid sarcoma represents a rare extramedullary presentation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), either alone or in conjunction with blood or bone marrow involvement. This case emphasizes the need for a broad differential diagnosis and an aggressive work-up for any unusual paranasal sinus mass.
View details for PubMedID 30891319
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC6390259
- Validation of ultrasound as a diagnostic tool to assess vocal cord motion in an animal feasibility study GLAND SURGERY 2018; 7 (5): 433–39
A Clinical Trial of Proton Pump Inhibitors to Treat Children with Chronic Otitis Media with Effusion.
The journal of international advanced otology
2018; 14 (2): 245–49
OBJECTIVE: Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is considered a cause of otitis media with effusion (OME). This study aimed to investigate whether OME can be effectively treated with a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), therefore implicating GER as a causative factor of OME.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PPI or placebo was randomly administered to enrolled subjects for 4-8 weeks. To monitor effusion status, subjects underwent monthly pneumatic otoscopy and acoustic reflectometry. At enrollment and at completion of treatment, subjects underwent an audiogram and tympanogram for assessing changes in hearing due to altered fluid levels in the middle ear. After the treatment period, tympanostomy tube placement was recommended for subjects with unresolved effusion.RESULTS: This study enrolled 16 patients with an average age of 5.17 years. Between the treatment and placebo groups, there was no significant difference in the need for tympanostomy tubes. At completion of this study, patients receiving Lansoprazole demonstrated a significant improvement in pure tone average (p<0.01) and speech recognition thresholds (p=0.04). Four patients (25%) from the cohort dropped out of the study. Eight patients (50%) from the cohort required tympanostomy tube placement.CONCLUSION: Owing to difficulties with recruitment and small sample size, this study was unable to demonstrate the use of PPI in treating OME. A larger study is needed for further evaluation of this process.
View details for PubMedID 30256198
Assessment and Retrieval of Aspirated Tracheoesophageal Prosthesis in the Ambulatory Setting
CASE REPORTS IN OTOLARYNGOLOGY
Tracheoesophageal prosthesis (TEP) is the most common voice restoration method following total laryngectomy. Prosthesis extrusion and aspiration occurs in 3.9% to 6.7% and causes dyspnea. Emergency centers are unfamiliar with management of the aspirated TEP. Prior studies report removal of aspirated TEP prostheses under general anesthesia. Laryngectomees commonly have poor pulmonary function, posing increased risks for complications of general anesthesia. We present a straightforward approach to three cases of aspirated TEP prosthesis removed in the ambulatory setting. In each case, aspirated TEP was diagnosed with flexible bronchoscopy under local anesthesia at the time of consultation, and all prostheses were retrieved atraumatically using a biopsy grasper forceps inserted via the side channel of the bronchoscope. The aspirated TEP prosthesis can be safely and efficiently removed via bedside bronchoscopy.
View details for DOI 10.1155/2018/9369602
View details for Web of Science ID 000445570900001
View details for PubMedID 30302298
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC6158927
Neuromuscular compensation mechanisms in vocal fold paralysis and paresis.
Vocal fold paresis and paralysis are common conditions. Treatment options include augmentation laryngoplasty and voice therapy. The optimal management for this condition is unclear. The objective of this study was to assess possible neuromuscular compensation mechanisms that could potentially be used in the treatment of vocal fold paresis and paralysis.In vivo canine model.In an in vivo canine model, we examined three conditions: 1) unilateral right recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) paresis and paralysis, 2) unilateral superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) paralysis, and 3) unilateral vagal nerve paresis and paralysis. Phonatory acoustics and aerodynamics were measured in each of these conditions. Effective compensation was defined as improved acoustic and aerodynamic profile.The most effective compensation for all conditions was increasing RLN activation and decreasing glottal gap. Increasing RLN activation increased the percentage of possible phonatory conditions that achieved phonation onset. SLN activation generally led to decreased number of total phonation onset conditions within each category. Differential effects of SLN (cricothyroid [CT] muscle) activation were seen. Ipsilateral SLN activation could compensate for RLN paralysis; normal CT compensated well in unilateral SLN paralysis; and in vagal paresis/paralysis, contralateral SLN and RLN displayed antagonistic relationships.Methods to improve glottal closure should be the primary treatment for large glottal gaps. Neuromuscular compensation is possible for paresis. This study provides insights into possible compensatory mechanisms in vocal fold paresis and paralysis.NA Laryngoscope, 127:1633-1638, 2017.
View details for DOI 10.1002/lary.26409
View details for PubMedID 28059441
Bilateral Vocal Fold Medialization: A Treatment for Abductor Spasmodic Dysphonia.
Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation
Abductor spasmodic dysphonia, a difficult-to-treat laryngologic condition, is characterized by spasms causing the vocal folds to remain abducted despite efforts to adduct them during phonation. Traditional treatment for abductor spasmodic dysphonia-botulinum toxin injection into the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle-can be both technically challenging and uncomfortable. Due to the difficulty of needle placement, it is often unsuccessful. The purpose of this investigation is to present a previously undescribed treatment for abductor spasmodic dysphonia-bilateral vocal fold medialization.A retrospective case review of all cases of abductor spasmodic dysphonia treated in a tertiary care laryngology practice with bilateral vocal fold medialization over a 10-year period was performed. The Voice Handicap Index and the Voice-Related Quality of Life surveys were utilized to assess patient satisfaction with voice outcome.Six patients with abductor spasmodic dysphonia treated with bilateral vocal fold medialization were identified. Disease severity ranged from mild to severe. All six patients reported statistically significant improvement in nearly all Voice Handicap Index and Voice-Related Quality of Life parameters. They reported fewer voice breaks and greater ease of communication. Results were noted immediately and symptoms continue to be well controlled for many years following medialization.Bilateral vocal fold medialization is a safe and effective treatment for abductor spasmodic dysphonia. It is performed under local anesthesia and provides phonation improvement in the short and long term.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jvoice.2017.09.027
View details for PubMedID 29132808
Pulsed dye laser treatment of primary cryptococcal laryngitis: A novel approach to an uncommon disease
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OTOLARYNGOLOGY
2016; 37 (6): 572-574
An 82-year-old supplemental oxygen dependent woman with severe COPD presented with an eight month history of worsening hoarseness and stridor. Office laryngoscopy revealed laryngeal edema and ulcerative masses throughout the larynx. In-office biopsies were positive for Cryptococcus neoformans. This report details a novel approach to the treatment of cryptococcal laryngitis, a combination of in-office pulsed-dye laser (PDL) ablation and medical therapy. Despite treatment with oral fluconazole, the recommended treatment for cryptococcal laryngitis the patient continued to be symptomatic with dysphonia and throat discomfort. Repeated laryngeal exam demonstrated persistent cryptococcal nodules. The patient was subsequently effectively treated with an in-office PDL laser. This case demonstrates the efficacy of in-office laser treatment for residual laryngeal Cryptococcus. For patients like this one, who have failed medical therapy and are unfit for general anesthetic, the in-office laser provides an excellent alternative treatment approach.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.amjoto.2016.08.007
View details for Web of Science ID 000387736600019
View details for PubMedID 27654751
Incidence and implication of vocal fold paresis following neonatal cardiac surgery
2012; 122 (12): 2781-2785
To study the incidence and implications of vocal fold paresis (VFP) following congenital neonatal cardiac surgery.Retrospective chart review.All neonates who underwent median sternotomy for cardiac surgery from May 2007 to May 2008 were evaluated. Flexible laryngoscopy was performed to evaluate vocal fold function after extubation. Swallow evaluation and a modified barium swallow study were performed prior to initiating oral feeding if the initial screening was abnormal.A total of 101 neonates underwent cardiac surgery during the study period. Ninety-four patients underwent a median sternotomy, and 76 of these were included in the study. Fifteen (19.7%) had vocal fold paresis (VFP) postoperatively. Almost 27% of the patients with aortic arch surgery had VFP while only 4.1% of the patients with nonaortic arch surgery developed VFP (P=0.02) Those patients who underwent aortic arch surgery weighed significantly less (P<0.01). All the patients with VFP had significant morbidity related to swallowing and nutrition (P=0.01) and required longer postsurgical hospitalization (P=0.02).The reported incidence of VFP following cardiac surgery via median sternotomy ranges between 1.7% and 67% depending on the type of surgery and the weight of the infant at the time of surgery. In our cohort, 19.7% had VFP. Surgery requiring aortic arch manipulation had a higher incidence of complications and required longer hospitalizations. These results may be used to improve informed consent and to manage postoperative expectations by identifying patients who are at higher risk for complications.
View details for DOI 10.1002/lary.23575
View details for Web of Science ID 000312540000029
View details for PubMedID 22952115
- Radiology Quiz Case 2 Nontraumatic atlantoaxial subluxation (also known as Grisel syndrome) ARCHIVES OF OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD & NECK SURGERY 2012; 138 (2): 199-201
Light-Induced Changes of the Circadian Clock of Humans: Increasing Duration is More Effective than Increasing Light Intensity
2011; 34 (5): 593-599
To evaluate the effect of increasing the intensity and/or duration of exposure on light-induced changes in the timing of the circadian clock of humans.Multifactorial randomized controlled trial, between and within subject designGeneral Clinical Research Center (GCRC) of an academic medical center56 healthy young subjects (20-40 years of age)Research subjects were admitted for 2 independent stays of 4 nights/3 days for treatment with bright or dim-light (randomized order) at a time known to induce phase delays in circadian timing. The intensity and duration of the bright light were determined by random assignment to one of 9 treatment conditions (duration of 1, 2, or 3 hours at 2000, 4000, or 8000 lux).Treatment-induced changes in the dim light melatonin onset (DLMO) and dim light melatonin offset (DLMOff) were measured from blood samples collected every 20-30 min throughout baseline and post-treatment nights. Comparison by multi-factor analysis of variance (ANOVA) of light-induced changes in the time of the circadian melatonin rhythm for the 9 conditions revealed that changing the duration of the light exposure from 1 to 3 h increased the magnitude of light-induced delays. In contrast, increasing from moderate (2,000 lux) to high (8,000 lux) intensity light did not alter the magnitude of phase delays of the circadian melatonin rhythm.Results from the present study suggest that for phototherapy of circadian rhythm sleep disorders in humans, a longer period of moderate intensity light may be more effective than a shorter exposure period of high intensity light.
View details for Web of Science ID 000291145800009
View details for PubMedID 21532952
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3079938
Assessment of self-selection bias in a pediatric unilateral hearing loss study
OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY
2010; 142 (3): 427-433
To examine the differences between participants and nonparticipants in a study of children with unilateral hearing loss that might contribute to selection bias.Case-control study.Academic pediatric otolaryngology practice.Comparison of clinical and sociodemographic characteristics between the 81 participants and 78 nonparticipants with unilateral hearing loss in a case-control study.Compared with nonparticipants, the study participants were younger but were diagnosed at an older age. Participants were more likely to have been diagnosed through a primary care screen and have normal ear anatomy, and less likely to have an attributed etiology for their unilateral hearing loss or tried assistive hearing devices. No other significant demographic, socioeconomic, or clinical differences were identified.Self-selection bias may jeopardize both internal and external validity of study results and should be evaluated whenever possible. Methods to minimize self-selection bias should be considered and implemented during the planning stages of clinical studies.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.otohns.2009.11.035
View details for Web of Science ID 000276574600024
View details for PubMedID 20172393
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC2975441
Enlarged vestibular aqueduct in pediatric sensorineural hearing loss
OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY
2009; 140 (4): 552-558
Comparison of the Cincinnati criteria (midpoint >0.9 mm or operculum >1.9 mm) to the Valvassori criterion (midpoint > or =1.5 mm) for enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA) in pediatric cochlear implant patients.Cohort study.One hundred thirty pediatric cochlear implant recipients.We reviewed temporal bone CT scans to measure the vestibular aqueduct midpoint and opercular width.The Cincinnati criteria identified 44 percent of patients with EVA versus 16 percent with the Valvassori criterion (P < 0.01). Of those with EVA, 45 percent were unilateral and 55 percent were bilateral using Cincinnati criteria; 64 percent were unilateral and 36 percent bilateral using Valvassori criterion (P < 0.01). The Cincinnati criteria diagnosed 70 ears with EVA classified as normal using the Valvassori criterion (P < 0.01); 59 lacked another medical explanation for their hearing loss.The Cincinnati criteria identified a large percentage of pediatric cochlear implant patients with EVA who might otherwise have no known etiology for their deafness.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.otohns.2008.12.035
View details for Web of Science ID 000264622700019
View details for PubMedID 19328346
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC2846828