Clinical Focus

  • Emergency Medicine

Academic Appointments

Professional Education

  • Board Certification: American Board of Emergency Medicine, Emergency Medicine (2019)
  • Masters of Science, University of Alabama School of Health Professions, Healthcare Simulation (2019)
  • Fellowship, University of Alabama at Birmingham Simulation Fellowship, AL (2019)
  • Residency: University of Alabama at Birmingham Emergency Medicine Residency (2018) AL
  • Medical Education: University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine (2015) AL

All Publications

  • Lifeline: Identifying and Assisting Victims of Human Sex Trafficking Roszczynialski, K. N., Brown, J. The American College of Emergency Physicians. 2024 ; Critical Decisions in Emergency Medicine (Vol 28 Number 3): 24-31
  • The Current State of Pediatric Emergency Medicine Training in Emergency Medicine Residencies. Pediatric emergency care Nickerson, J., Ghatak-Roy, A., Donnelly, K. A., Thomas, A. A., Robinson, D., Roszczynialski, K. N., Zhao, X. 2022


    BACKGROUND: Several studies show that emergency medicine (EM) physicians are less comfortable caring for pediatric patients than adults. The state of pediatric training has not been comprehensively evaluated since 2000.OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe current pediatric education in EM residencies and to evaluate EM Program Director (PD) confidence in graduating trainees' abilities to care for pediatric patients.METHODS: We conducted an anonymous, cross-sectional survey study of EM PDs in August 2020. We collected program demographics, clinical rotations, and didactic methods. We used Likert scales to measure PD confidence in graduating residents' competence to care for pediatric and adult patients.RESULTS: We found e-mail addresses for 249 (93%) of 268 EM programs. One hundred nineteen (48%) PDs completed the survey. We include denominators to account for unanswered questions. Sixty-eight (59%) of 116 programs spend 10% to 20% of clinical time seeing pediatric patients. One hundred ten (91%) of 119 require a pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) rotation, 88/119 (83%) require pediatric intensive care, and 34/119 (29%) require neonatal intensive care. Seventy (62%) of 113 have curricula designed by PEM-trained faculty, 96/113 (85%) have PEM attendings teach lectures, and 77/113 (68%) spend 10% to 20% of didactic time on pediatric topics. Twenty-three (23%) of 106 PDs stated not all residents graduate with competence in pediatric resuscitation compared with 2/106 (2%) for adult resuscitation (P < 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Program directors report less confidence in graduating residents' competence in caring for pediatric patients compared with adult patients. We propose ideas to strengthen the quality of pediatric education in EM residencies.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/PEC.0000000000002819

    View details for PubMedID 36018727

  • The OSSE: Development and validation of an "Objective Structured Supervision Evaluation". AEM education and training Pokrajac, N., Roszczynialski, K. N., Rider, A., Poffenberger, C. M., Williams, S., Eakin, M. K., Sapp, R. W., Jenkins, E., Gisondi, M. A., Schertzer, K. 2022; 6 (4): e10784


    Trainee supervision and teaching are distinct skills that both require faculty physician competence to ensure patient safety. No standard approach exists to teach physician supervisory competence, resulting in variable trainee oversight and safety threats. The Objective Structured Teaching Evaluation (OSTE) does not adequately incorporate the specific skills required for effective supervision. To address this continuing medical education gap, the authors aimed to develop and identify validity evidence for an "Objective Structured Supervision Evaluation" (OSSE) for attending physicians, conceptually modeled on the historic OSTE.An expert panel used an iterative process to create an OSSE instrument, which was a checklist of key supervision items to be evaluated during a simulated endotracheal intubation scenario. Three trained "standardized residents" scored faculty participants' performance using the instrument. Validity testing modeled a contemporary approach using Kane's framework. Participants underwent simulation-based mastery learning (SBML) with deliberate practice until meeting a minimum passing standard (MPS).The final instrument contained 19 items, including three global rating measures. Testing domains included supervision climate, participant control of patient care, trainee evaluation, instructional skills, case-specific measures, and overall supervisor rating. Reliability of the assessment tool was excellent (ICC range 0.84-0.89). The assessment tool had good internal consistency (Cronbach's α = 0.813). Out of 24 faculty participants, 17 (70.8%) met the MPS on initial assessment. All met the MPS after SBML and average score increased by 19.5% (95% CI of the difference 10.3%-28.8%, p = 0.002).

    View details for DOI 10.1002/aet2.10784

    View details for PubMedID 35903423

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC9305721

  • The OSSE: Development and validation of an "Objective Structured Supervision Evaluation" AEM EDUCATION AND TRAINING Pokrajac, N., Roszczynialski, K. N., Rider, A., Poffenberger, C., Williams, S., Eakin, M., Sapp, R. W., Jenkins, E., Gisondi, M. A., Schertzer, K. 2022; 6 (4)

    View details for DOI 10.1002/aet2.10784

    View details for Web of Science ID 000828655600001

  • Simulation-Based Mastery Learning Improves the Performance of Donning and Doffing of Personal Protective Equipment by Medical Students. The western journal of emergency medicine Miller, D. T., Pokrajac, N., Ngo, J., Gallegos, M., Dixon, W., Roszczynialski, K. N., Ng, K., Taleghani, N., Gisondi, M. A. 2022; 23 (3): 318-323


    Medical students lack adequate training on how to correctly don and doff personal protective equipment (PPE). Simulation-based mastery learning (SBML) is an effective technique for procedural education. The aim of this study was to determine whether SBML improves proper PPE donning and doffing by medical students.This was a prospective, pre-test/post-test study of 155 medical students on demonstration of correct PPE use before and after a SBML intervention. Subjects completed standard hospital training by viewing a US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention training video on proper PPE use prior to the intervention. They then participated in a SBML training session that included baseline testing, deliberate practice with expert feedback, and post-testing until mastery was achieved. Students were assessed using a previously developed 21-item checklist on donning and doffing PPE with a minimum passing standard (MPS) of 21/21 items. We analyzed differences between pre-test and post-test scores using paired t-tests. Students at preclinical and clinical levels of training were compared with an independent t-test.Two participants (1.3%) met the MPS on pre-test. Of the remaining 153 subjects who participated in the intervention, 151 (98.7%) reached mastery. Comparison of mean scores from pre-test to final post-test significantly improved from an average raw score of 12.55/21 (standard deviation [SD] = 2.86), to 21/21(SD = 0), t(150) = 36.3, P <0.001. There was no difference between pre-test scores of pre-clinical and clinical students.Simulation-based mastery learning improves medical student performance in PPE donning and doffing in a simulated environment. This approach standardizes PPE training for students in advance of clinical experiences.

    View details for DOI 10.5811/westjem.2022.2.54748

    View details for PubMedID 35679489

  • Rapid Cycle Deliberate Practice in Virtual Reality: Teaching Transvenous Pacemaker Insertion to Emergency Medicine Residents CUREUS Peng, C., Ng, K. M., Roszczynialski, K. N., Warrington, S. J., Schertzer, K. 2021; 13 (10)
  • Rapid Cycle Deliberate Practice in Virtual Reality: Teaching Transvenous Pacemaker Insertion to Emergency Medicine Residents. Cureus Peng, C., Ng, K. M., Roszczynialski, K. N., Warrington, S. J., Schertzer, K. 2021; 13 (10): e18503


    Introduction Transvenous pacemaker insertion is a critical life-saving procedure that is infrequently performed. Traditional mannequin-based training paradigms are resource intensive and sometimes inadequate due to time constraints. Rapid Cycle Deliberate Practice (RCDP) is an effective teaching modality for highly scripted procedures. We propose using a simulation-based technique of RCDP in virtual reality (VR) to teach this procedure. Methods Sixteen emergency medicine residents were recruited. A pre-survey was administered at the start of the session, followed by a baseline task trainer checklist-based assessment. This checklist was created based on expert consensus. Participants then underwent the RCDP VR intervention with a subsequent repeat checklist-based assessment as well as a post-survey.  Results Post-test scores were found to be significantly higher than pre-test scores after residents completed VR deliberate practice simulation (19.5±3.5 vs 24.1±2.0; p<0.001). Subanalysis did not reveal any significant difference based on post-graduate year, previous performance of procedure on a live patient, or previous VR experience. The experience increased participant feelings of preparedness and comfort in performing the procedure (2-disagree vs 4-agree) based on a 5-point Likert scale.  Conclusions Virtual reality using RCDP to teach transvenous pacemaker insertion demonstrated an improvement in task trainer performance. Further investigation into whether this translates into better patient outcomes or can be generalized to other procedures needs to be considered.

    View details for DOI 10.7759/cureus.18503

    View details for PubMedID 34754663

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC8569655

  • A Scoping Literature Review of Simulation Training Program Curriculum Standards. Simulation in healthcare : journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare O'Rourke, J., Brown, M., Elias, M. E., Podolej, G. S., Cardell, A., Golden, A., Gurevich-Gal, R., Roszczynialski, K. N., Tayeb, B., Wong, N. 2021


    SUMMARY STATEMENT: Simulation educator training is well supported in the literature and endorsed by the Society of Simulation in Healthcare as well as the International Nursing Association for Clinical Simulation and Learning. Despite growth of domestic and international training programs, there is a lack of consensus regarding curriculum standards. Our aim was to identify core curricular components of comprehensive simulation training programs. A scoping literature review of all relevant publications from 2000 to 2020 was conducted using a 6-step design. A team of 10 multidisciplinary, international simulation educators independently reviewed all citations with discrepancies resolved by third-person review. Of the initial 320 identified unique publications, a total of 15 articles were included, all published within the last 6 years. Four themes were identified: domains (n = 6), competencies (n = 3), objectives (n = 8), and other characteristics (n = 3). The findings support a greater understanding of the core curricular content across simulation training programs to support standardization.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000606

    View details for PubMedID 34468420

  • Mastery learning improves simulated central venous catheter insertion by emergency medicine teaching faculty. AEM education and training Pokrajac, N., Schertzer, K., Roszczynialski, K. N., Rider, A., Williams, S. R., Poffenberger, C. M., Gisondi, M. A. 2021; 5 (4): e10703


    Routine competency assessments of procedure skills, such as central venous catheter (CVC) insertion, do not occur beyond residency training. Evidence suggests variable, suboptimal attending physician procedure skills. Our study aimed to assess CVC insertion skill by academic emergency physicians, determine whether a simulation-based mastery learning (SBML) intervention improves performance and investigate for variables that predict competence.This is a pretest-posttest study that evaluated simulated CVC insertion by emergency medicine (EM) faculty physicians. We assessed 44 volunteer participants at a large academic medical center over a 1-month period using a published 29-item checklist. Our primary outcome was the difference in assessment score before and after a SBML intervention. A secondary analysis evaluated predictors of pretest performance.A total of 44 subjects participated. Only four of 44 (9.1%) of subjects met a predefined minimum passing score on pretest. Mean assessment scores increased by 21.5% following the SBML intervention (95% confidence interval [CI] of the difference = 18.1% to 24.8%, p < 0.001). In a regression model, pretest scores increased by 10.8% (95% CI = 2.9 to 18.7%, p = 0.009) if subjects completed postgraduate training within 5 years. Frequency of CVC insertion did not predict performance, but 25 of 44 (56.8%) faculty members had no documented performance or supervision of a CVC insertion within 1 year of assessment.SBML is a promising method to assess and improve CVC insertion performance by EM faculty physicians. Recent completion of postgraduate training was a significant predictor of CVC insertion performance. Our results require validation in larger cohorts of EM physicians across other academic institutions.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/aet2.10703

    View details for PubMedID 34723048

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC8541755

  • An Investigation on the Perceptions of Practicing Interdisciplinary Health Professionals on Rapid Cycle Deliberate Practice Simulation. Simulation in healthcare : journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare Roszczynialski, K. N., Register, S. J., Bergman, L., White, M. L. 2021


    INTRODUCTION: Rapid cycle deliberate practice (RCDP) is a relatively new method for delivering simulation for a structured algorithm-based clinical content. We sought to understand how a group of practicing emergency medicine healthcare professionals would perceive RCDP as a learning method.METHODS: This was a qualitative study of participants' reactions to RCDP simulation during an orientation process to a new freestanding emergency department using grounded theory. Focus groups were held after simulation sessions to investigate the participants reactions to RCDP as well as the experience of multiple professions participating. Two investigators independently coded the focus group transcripts to detect themes and developed a list of codes, which were then confirmed by consensus. Data were organized into themes with contributing codes.RESULTS: Thirty-one individuals participated in the focus groups including physicians, nurse practitioners, nurses, respiratory therapists, and patient care technicians. Four themes were detected: the procedural components of RCDP, the behavioral response to RCDP, learning through RCDP, and RCDP as interprofessional experience. The participants view of emotions and interruptions and pauses had discrepant interpretation.CONCLUSIONS: Participants received RCDP simulation positively. Initial negative reactions to the interruptions and pauses of RCDP dissipated as the simulation progressed. Ultimately, learners agreed that RCDP was extremely effective as compared with traditional simulation for medical resuscitation training because of the authenticity of the multidisciplinary aspect. This suggests that RCDP may be an effective tool for continuing education of practicing healthcare professionals.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000577

    View details for PubMedID 34009916

  • Improving Emergency Department Airway Preparedness in the Era of COVID-19: An Interprofessional, In Situ Simulation. Journal of education & teaching in emergency medicine Warner, K. J., Rider, A. C., Marvel, J., Gisondi, M. A., Schertzer, K., Roszczynialski, K. N. 2020; 5 (3): S28-S49


    The target audience for this airway simulation includes all emergency department (ED) staff who are potential members of a COVID-19 intubation team, including emergency medicine attendings, emergency medicine residents, nurses, respiratory therapists, pharmacists, and ED technicians.As of May 7, 2020 there were 1,219,066 diagnosed cases of COVID-19 in the U.S. and 73,297 deaths.1 A special report from the Centers for Disease Control and prevention on infections in healthcare personnel reported 9,282 cases between February 12th and April 9th.2 Sars-CoV-2 is a novel virus that requires a careful, coordinated approach to airway management given the high risk of aerosolization.3 It is essential to train ED staff (1) to appropriately care for patients with suspected COVID-19 disease and (2) to provide an organized, safe working environment for providers during high-risk, aerosolizing procedures such as intubation. In addition to providing a set of airway management guidelines, we aimed to educate the staff through participation in a simulation activity. Due to the multiple team members involved and the array of equipment needed, an in-person in situ strategy was implemented. The goals of the simulation were to optimize patient care and minimize viral exposure to those involved during intubation.At the conclusion of the simulation session, learners will be able to: 1) Understand the need to notify team members of a planned COVID intubation including: physician, respiratory therapist, pharmacist, nurse(s), and ED technician. 2) Distinguish between in-room and out-of-room personnel during high-risk aerosolizing procedures. 3) Distinguish between in-room and out-of-room equipment during high-risk aerosolizing procedures to minimize contamination. 4) Appropriately select oxygenation therapies and avoid high-risk aerosolizing procedures. 5) Manage high risk scenarios such as hypotension or failed intubation and be prepared to give push-dose vasoactive medications or place a rescue device such as an I-gel ®.This is a high-fidelity, interprofessional, in-situ simulation used to train a team of providers that would normally participate in the management of a patient with suspected COVID-19 requiring endotracheal intubation. Participants might include emergency medicine attendings, emergency medicine residents, nurses, respiratory therapists, pharmacists, and ED technicians. The patient is best represented by a high-fidelity mannequin such as Trauma HAL® (Miami, FL USA), with a monitor displaying vital signs and voice-response capabilities. The simulation includes an interprofessional debriefing session, during which an airway checklist, communication strategies, and best practices are reviewed.Airway management guidelines were developed by an interdisciplinary team at our institution. We used these guidelines from Stanford Health Care and best practices from a literature review to create a checklist of recommended steps. Two assessors used the checklist to track team actions. Any missed items were discussed in the team debrief and participants were encouraged to ask questions. At the end of the session, to check for understanding, participants were provided with a brief anonymous online survey accessed by a QR code. These assessments allowed the simulation team to iteratively edit the case before future simulations.From 3/23/20-4/23/20, we held 12 in-situ simulations with 62 participants, including emergency medicine physicians, nurses, technicians, respiratory therapists, and pharmacists. Two individuals observed each simulation and compared team performance to the checklist of recommended steps. The actions that were not completed during the simulation served as teaching points during the simulation debrief. The debrief discussions helped to identify misconceptions regarding oxygenation strategies, difficulties in staff communication due to physical barriers, and various other quality or safety concerns. Participant reactions following the simulation and debriefs were overwhelmingly positive.This simulation was an effective, easy-to-implement method of interprofessional team training for a risk-inherent procedure in the ED. We learned that the deliberate simulation of each step of the COVID19-specific intubation procedure with all team members provided opportunities to identify safety challenges in communication, equipment, and approach. Each debrief stimulated an excellent discussion among team members, and allowed for interprofessional feedback, clarification of questions, and recommendations for areas of improvement. Our main take-away from the pilot of this novel simulation case is that new, high-risk procedures require a coordinated team effort to minimize risks to patients and staff, and that team training is feasible and effective using frequent in situ simulations.Medical simulation, in-situ simulation, interprofessional, COVID-19, novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, intubation, medical education, health professions education, team training, airway management.

    View details for DOI 10.21980/J8V06M

    View details for PubMedID 37465216

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC10332557

  • Improving Emergency Department Airway Preparedness in the Era of COVID-19: An Interprofessional, In Situ Simulation Warner, MD, K. J., Rider, MD, A. C., Marvel, MD, J., Gisondi, MD, M. A., Schertzer, MD, K., Roszczynialski, MD, MS, K. N. Journal of Education and Teaching in Emergency Medicine. JETem. 2020
  • Improving Emergency Department Airway Preparedness in the Era of COVID-19: An Interprofessional, In Situ Simulation. Journal of Education and Teaching in Emergency Medicine Warner, K. J. 2020; 5 (3)

    View details for DOI 10.21980/J8V06M

  • Boerhaave Syndrome Simulation Scenario Roszczynialski, MD, MS, K. The Sim Book. 2019
  • Trade Secrets: Human Sex Trafficking Critical Decisions in Emergency Medicine Roszczynialski, MD, K., Irvine, MD, MPH, S., Walter MD, FACEP, L. 2018; 32 (12)
  • A Screen for Modifiers of Cilia Phenotypes Reveals Novel MKS Alleles and Uncovers a Specific Genetic Interaction between osm-3 and nphp-4 PLOS GENETICS Masyukova, S. V., Landis, D. E., Henke, S. J., Williams, C. L., Pieczynski, J. N., Roszczynialski, K. N., Covington, J. E., Malarkey, E. B., Yoder, B. K. 2016; 12 (2): e1005841


    Nephronophthisis (NPHP) is a ciliopathy in which genetic modifiers may underlie the variable penetrance of clinical features. To identify modifiers, a screen was conducted on C. elegans nphp-4(tm925) mutants. Mutations in ten loci exacerbating nphp-4(tm925) ciliary defects were obtained. Four loci have been identified, three of which are established ciliopathy genes mks-1, mks-2, and mks-5. The fourth allele (yhw66) is a missense mutation (S316F) in OSM-3, a kinesin required for cilia distal segment assembly. While osm-3(yhw66) mutants alone have no overt cilia phenotype, nphp-4(tm925);osm-3(yhw66) double mutants lack distal segments and are dye-filling (Dyf) and osmotic avoidance (Osm) defective, similar to osm-3(mn357) null mutants. In osm-3(yhw66) mutants anterograde intraflagellar transport (IFT) velocity is reduced. Furthermore, expression of OSM-3(S316F)::GFP reduced IFT velocities in nphp-4(tm925) mutants, but not in wild type animals. In silico analysis indicates the S316F mutation may affect a phosphorylation site. Putative phospho-null OSM-3(S316F) and phospho-mimetic OSM-3(S316D) proteins accumulate at the cilia base and tip respectively. FRAP analysis indicates that the cilia entry rate of OSM-3(S316F) is slower than OSM-3 and that in the presence of OSM-3(S316F), OSM-3 and OSM-3(S316D) rates decrease. In the presence OSM-3::GFP or OSM-3(S316D)::GFP, OSM-3(S316F)::tdTomato redistributes along the cilium and accumulates in the cilia tip. OSM-3(S316F) and OSM-3(S316D) are functional as they restore cilia distal segment formation in osm-3(mn357) null mutants; however, only OSM-3(S316F) rescues the osm-3(mn357) null Dyf phenotype. Despite rescue of cilia length in osm-3(mn357) null mutants, neither OSM-3(S316F) nor OSM-3(S316D) restores ciliary defects in nphp-4(tm925);osm-3(yhw66) double mutants. Thus, these OSM-3 mutations cause NPHP-4 dependent and independent phenotypes. These data indicate that in addition to regulating cilia protein entry or exit, NPHP-4 influences localization and function of a distal ciliary kinesin. Moreover, data suggest human OSM-3 homolog (Kif17) could act as a modifying locus affecting disease penetrance or expressivity in NPHP patients.

    View details for DOI 10.1371/journal.pgen.1005841

    View details for Web of Science ID 000372554100030

    View details for PubMedID 26863025

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4749664