Academic Appointments

  • Emeritus Faculty, Acad Council, Mechanical Engineering
  • Member, Bio-X

2015-16 Courses

All Publications

  • Stiffness and Texture Perception for Teledermatology MEDICINE MEETS VIRTUAL REALITY 13: THE MAGICAL NEXT BECOMES THE MEDICAL NOW Waldron, K. J., Enedah, C., Gladstone, H. 2005; 111: 579-585


    The goal of the teledermatology project currently being carried out at Stanford University is to deliver tactile images of the human skin to a dermatologist at a remote location, in real time. In order to make a diagnosis, dermatologists typically need to obtain data regarding the skin texture and the mechanical properties of any lesions on a patient's skin. For example, pre-cancerous or weather-damaged skin typically feels rougher than normal skin and the profile and stiffness of the underlying tissue may shed light on the nature of a skin disease.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000273828700114

    View details for PubMedID 15718801

  • Simulated medical learning environments on the Internet JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL INFORMATICS ASSOCIATION Dev, P., Montgomery, K., Senger, S., Heinrichs, W. L., Srivastava, S., Waldron, K. 2002; 9 (5): 437-447


    Learning anatomy and surgical procedures requires both a conceptual understanding of three-dimensional anatomy and a hands-on manipulation of tools and tissue. Such virtual resources are not available widely, are expensive, and may be culturally disallowed. Simulation technology, using high-performance computers and graphics, permits realistic real-time display of anatomy. Haptics technology supports the ability to probe and feel this virtual anatomy through the use of virtual tools. The Internet permits world-wide access to resources. We have brought together high-performance servers and high-bandwidth communication using the Next Generation Internet and complex bimanual haptics to simulate a tool-based learning environment for wide use. This article presents the technologic basis of this environment and some evaluation of its use in the gross anatomy course at Stanford University.

    View details for DOI 10.1197/jamia.M1089

    View details for Web of Science ID 000178205000002

    View details for PubMedID 12223496

  • Simulated learning environments in anatomy and surgery delivered via the Next Generation Internet Dev, P., Heinrichs, W. L., Srivastava, S., Montgomery, K. N., Senger, S., Temkin, B., Hasser, C., Latombe, J. C., HEEGAARD, J., Youngblood, P., Friedman, C. P., Waldron, K. I O S PRESS. 2001: 1014-1018


    The Next Generation Internet (NGI) will provide high bandwidth, guaranteed Quality of Service, collaboration and security, features that are not available in today's Internet. Applications that take advantage of these features will need to build them into their pedagogic requirements. We present the Anatomy Workbench and the Surgery Workbench, two applications that require most of these features of the NGI. We used pedagogic need and NGI features to define a set of applications that would be difficult to operate on the current Internet, and that would require the features of the NGI. These applications require rich graphics and visualization, and extensive haptic interaction with biomechanical models that represent bony and soft tissue. We are in the process of implementing these applications, and some examples are presented here. An additional feature that we required was that the applications be scalable such that they could run on either on a low-end desktop device with minimal manipulation tools or on a fully outfitted high-end graphic computer with a realistic set of surgical tools. The Anatomy and Surgery Workbenches will be used to test the features of the NGI, and to show the importance of these new features for innovative educational applications.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000172901700272

    View details for PubMedID 11604884