Kiran's research focuses on understanding how an expanded notion of economic welfare that includes preferences for uncertainty and economic equity (intertemporal, intra-regional and inter-regional) alongside efficiency can be incorporated into climate policy design to mitigate adverse distributional consequences of climate change. She draws on insights from economics, psychology, and law to understand how to formalize people's risk and fairness preferences systematically for policy analysis, and understand potential legal and institutional barriers for designing distribution-sensitive climate change policy responses globally.

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