Kyle is an environmental scientist studying land-based solutions to climate change. With expertise at the interface of ecosystem ecology and climate science, he uses observational, modeling, and synthesis techniques to understand how natural and working lands can be harnessed to aid in climate change mitigation and adaptation. Kyle has worked across a variety of landscapes from the upland sub-tropical forests of southeast Asia to the subsided peatlands of the California Delta to better characterize the potential for ecosystems to be part of the solution.

Professional Education

  • Bachelor of Arts, Colorado College, Environmental Science, chemistry concentration (2011)
  • Doctor of Philosophy, University of California, Berkeley, Ecosystem Sciences, Biometeorology (2019)

Stanford Advisors

Lab Affiliations

All Publications

  • Assessing the carbon and climate benefit of restoring degraded agricultural peat soils to managed wetlands AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY Hemes, K. S., Chamberlain, S. D., Eichelmann, E., Anthony, T., Valach, A., Kasak, K., Szutu, D., Verfaillie, J., Silver, W. L., Baldocchi, D. D. 2019; 268: 202–14
  • A Unique Combination of Aerodynamic and Surface Properties Contribute to Surface Cooling in Restored Wetlands of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-BIOGEOSCIENCES Hemes, K. S., Eichelmann, E., Chamberlain, S. D., Knox, S. H., Oikawa, P. Y., Sturtevant, C., Verfaillie, J., Szutu, D., Baldocchi, D. D. 2018; 123 (7): 2072–90
  • A Biogeochemical Compromise: The High Methane Cost of Sequestering Carbon in Restored Wetlands GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS Hemes, K. S., Chamberlain, S. D., Eichelmann, E., Knox, S. H., Baldocchi, D. D. 2018; 45 (12): 6081–91
  • Soil properties and sediment accretion modulate methane fluxes from restored wetlands GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY Chamberlain, S. D., Anthony, T. L., Silver, W. L., Eichelmann, E., Hemes, K. S., Oikawa, P. Y., Sturtevant, C., Szutu, D. J., Verfaillie, J. G., Baldocchi, D. D. 2018; 24 (9): 4107–21


    Wetlands are the largest source of methane (CH4 ) globally, yet our understanding of how process-level controls scale to ecosystem fluxes remains limited. It is particularly uncertain how variable soil properties influence ecosystem CH4 emissions on annual time scales. We measured ecosystem carbon dioxide (CO2 ) and CH4 fluxes by eddy covariance from two wetlands recently restored on peat and alluvium soils within the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta of California. Annual CH4 fluxes from the alluvium wetland were significantly lower than the peat site for multiple years following restoration, but these differences were not explained by variation in dominant climate drivers or productivity across wetlands. Soil iron (Fe) concentrations were significantly higher in alluvium soils, and alluvium CH4 fluxes were decoupled from plant processes compared with the peat site, as expected when Fe reduction inhibits CH4 production in the rhizosphere. Soil carbon content and CO2 uptake rates did not vary across wetlands and, thus, could also be ruled out as drivers of initial CH4 flux differences. Differences in wetland CH4 fluxes across soil types were transient; alluvium wetland fluxes were similar to peat wetland fluxes 3 years after restoration. Changing alluvium CH4 emissions with time could not be explained by an empirical model based on dominant CH4 flux biophysical drivers, suggesting that other factors, not measured by our eddy covariance towers, were responsible for these changes. Recently accreted alluvium soils were less acidic and contained more reduced Fe compared with the pre-restoration parent soils, suggesting that CH4 emissions increased as conditions became more favorable to methanogenesis within wetland sediments. This study suggests that alluvium soil properties, likely Fe content, are capable of inhibiting ecosystem-scale wetland CH4 flux, but these effects appear to be transient without continued input of alluvium to wetland sediments.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/gcb.14124

    View details for Web of Science ID 000441746900019

    View details for PubMedID 29575340

  • The effect of land cover type and structure on evapotranspiration from agricultural and wetland sites in the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta, California AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY Eichelmann, E., Hemes, K. S., Knox, S. H., Oikawa, P. Y., Chamberlain, S. D., Sturtevan, C., Verfaillie, J., Baldocchi, D. D. 2018; 256: 179–95
  • Field-Scale Assessment of Land and Water Use Change over the California Delta Using Remote Sensing REMOTE SENSING Anderson, M., Gao, F., Knipper, K., Hain, C., Dulaney, W., Baldocchi, D., Eichelmann, E., Hemes, K., Yang, Y., Medellin-Azuara, J., Kustas, W. 2018; 10 (6)

    View details for DOI 10.3390/rs10060889

    View details for Web of Science ID 000436561800083

  • Evaluation of Density Corrections to Methane Fluxes Measured by Open-Path Eddy Covariance over Contrasting Landscapes BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY Chamberlain, S. D., Verfaillie, J., Eichelmann, E., Hemes, K. S., Baldocchi, D. D. 2017; 165 (2): 197–210