Professional Education

  • PhD, Aarhus University, Nanoscience (2016)
  • MScEng, Aalborg University, Physics / Nanotechnology (2012)

All Publications

  • A nanostructure platform for live-cell manipulation of membrane curvature. Nature protocols Li, X., Matino, L., Zhang, W., Klausen, L., McGuire, A. F., Lubrano, C., Zhao, W., Santoro, F., Cui, B. 2019


    Membrane curvatures are involved in essential cellular processes, such as endocytosis and exocytosis, in which they are believed to act as microdomains for protein interactions and intracellular signaling. These membrane curvatures appear and disappear dynamically, and their locations are difficult or impossible to predict. In addition, the size of these curvatures is usually below the diffraction limit of visible light, making it impossible to resolve their values using live-cell imaging. Therefore, precise manipulation of membrane curvature is important to understanding how membrane curvature is involved in intracellular processes. Recent studies show that membrane curvatures can be induced by surface topography when cells are in direct contact with engineered substrates. Here, we present detailed procedures for using nanoscale structures to manipulate membrane curvatures and probe curvature-induced phenomena in live cells. We first describe detailed procedures for the design of nanoscale structures and their fabrication using electron-beam (E-beam) lithography. The fabrication process takes 2 d, but the resultant chips can be cleaned and reused repeatedly over the course of 2 years. Then we describe how to use these nanostructures to manipulate local membrane curvatures and probe intracellular protein responses, discussing surface coating, cell plating, and fluorescence imaging in detail. Finally, we describe a procedure to characterize the nanostructure-cell membrane interface using focused ion beam and scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM). Nanotopography-based methods can induce stable membrane curvatures with well-defined curvature values and locations in live cells, which enables the generation of a library of curvatures for probing curvature-related intracellular processes.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41596-019-0161-7

    View details for PubMedID 31101905

  • Modulation the electronic property of 2D monolayer MoS2 by amino acid APPLIED MATERIALS TODAY Zhang, P., Wang, Z., Liu, L., Klausen, L., Wang, Y., Mi, J., Dong, M. 2019; 14: 151–58
  • A Systematic Study of Cell Mechanics and Function Modulated by Nano topography Li, X., Klausen, L., Zhang, W., Cui, B. CELL PRESS. 2019: 375A
  • Two-dimensional peptide based functional nanomaterials NANO TODAY Liu, L., Klausen, L., Dong, M. 2018; 23: 40–58
  • Electroactive Scaffolds for Neurogenesis and Myogenesis: Graphene-Based Nanomaterials SMALL Zhang, Z., Klausen, L., Chen, M., Dong, M. 2018; 14 (48)
  • Electroactive Scaffolds for Neurogenesis and Myogenesis: Graphene-Based Nanomaterials. Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) Zhang, Z., Klausen, L. H., Chen, M., Dong, M. 2018: e1801983


    One of the major issues in tissue engineering is constructing a functional scaffold to support cell growth and also provide proper synergistic guidance cues. Graphene-based nanomaterials have emerged as biocompatible and electroactive scaffolds for neurogenesis and myogenesis, due to their excellent tunable chemical, physical, and mechanical properties. This review first assesses the recent investigations focusing on the fabrication and applications of graphene-based nanomaterials for neurogenesis and myogenesis, in the form of either 2D films, 3D scaffolds, or composite architectures. Besides, because of their outstanding electrical properties, graphene family materials are particularly suitable for designing electroactive scaffolds that could provide proper electrical stimulation (i.e., electrical or photo stimuli) to promote the regeneration of excitable neurons and muscle cells. Therefore, the effects and mechanism of electrical and/or photo stimulations on neurogenesis and myogenesis are followed. Furthermore, studies on their biocompatibilities and toxicities especially to neural and muscle cells are evaluated. Finally, the future challenges and perspectives in facilitating the development of clinical translation of graphene-family nanomaterials in treating neurodegenerative and muscle diseases are discussed.

    View details for PubMedID 30264534

  • Rapid Growth of Acetylated A beta(16-20) into Macroscopic Crystals ACS NANO Bortolini, C., Klausen, L., Hoffmann, S., Jones, N. C., Saadeh, D., Wang, Z., Knowles, T. J., Dong, M. 2018; 12 (6): 5408–16


    Aberrant assembly of the amyloid-β (Aβ) is responsible for the development of Alzheimer's disease, but can also be exploited to obtain highly functional biomaterials. The short Aβ fragment, KLVFF (Aβ16-20), is crucial for Aβ assembly and considered to be an Aβ aggregation inhibitor. Here, we show that acetylation of KLVFF turns it into an extremely fast self-assembling molecule, reaching macroscopic ( i.e., mm) size in seconds. We show that KLVFF is metastable and that the self-assembly can be directed toward a crystalline or fibrillar phase simply through chemical modification, via acetylation or amidation of the peptide. Amidated KLVFF can form amyloid fibrils; we observed folding events of such fibrils occurring in as little as 60 ms. The ability of single KLVFF molecules to rapidly assemble as highly ordered macroscopic structures makes it a promising candidate for applications as a rapid-forming templating material.

    View details for PubMedID 29771495

  • Direct measurement of surface charge distribution in phase separating supported lipid bilayers NANOSCALE Fuhs, T., Klausen, L., Sonderskov, S., Han, X., Dong, M. 2018; 10 (9): 4538–44


    The local surface charge density of the cell membrane influences regulation and localization of membrane proteins. The local surface charge density could, until recently, not be measured directly under physiological conditions, and it was largely a hypothetical yet very important parameter. Here we use unsaturated lipids of a distinct charge (DOTAP, DOPC, and DOPG) and a neutral fully saturated lipid (DPPC) to create model membranes with phase separating domains of a defined charge. We then apply quantitative surface charge microscopy (QSCM) to investigate the local surface charge density; this is a technique based on a scanning ion conductance microscope (SICM) capable of measuring surface charge density with nanoscale lateral resolution. We are able to clearly distinguish lipid domains from charge and topography in all three model membranes. The measured surface charge densities furthermore reveal that disordered domains formed by charged lipids are in fact not only impure, but also incorporate uncharged saturated lipids. We estimate that at least 30% of disordered domains in DOPG : DPPC and DOTAP : DPPC will be DPPC. These ratios could present a limit for the formation of charged domains in lipid membranes.

    View details for DOI 10.1039/c7nr09522h

    View details for Web of Science ID 000426708500043

    View details for PubMedID 29461548