My long term professional goal is to lead academic research that probes cell behavior using custom bio-microsystems. In my PhD I designed, fabricated, and characterized innovative electroactive polymer micro-actuators. In the Pruitt lab at Stanford I studied metrology of cell forces and techniques to interface between silicon devices with biological cells. In the Dunn lab, I am applying microfluidic platforms to developmental biology and protein micropatterning to cryo-ET of endothelial cells. I plan to go on the academic job market Fall 2020.

Professional Education

  • Ph.D., Tel Aviv University, Materials Engineering and Nanotechnologies (2017)
  • M.Sc., Tel Aviv University, Materials Engineering and Nanotechnologies (2014)
  • B.Sc., The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Physics (2008)

Stanford Advisors

All Publications

  • Extracellular matrix micropatterning technology for whole cell cryogenic electron microscopy studies JOURNAL OF MICROMECHANICS AND MICROENGINEERING Engel, L., Gaietta, G., Dow, L. P., Swif, M. F., Pardon, G., Volkmann, N., Weis, W., Hanein, D., Pruitt, B. L. 2019; 29 (11)
  • Local electrochemical control of hydrogel microactuators in microfluidics JOURNAL OF MICROMECHANICS AND MICROENGINEERING Engel, L., Liu, C., Hemed, N., Khan, Y., Arias, A., Shacham-Diamand, Y., Krylov, S., Lin, L. 2018; 28 (10)
  • Spectroscopic ellipsometry study of spin coated P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) thin films and P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE)/PMMA blends MICROELECTRONIC ENGINEERING Ben-David, M., Engel, L., Shacham-Diamand, Y. 2017; 171: 37-43
  • Engineered hybrid cardiac patches with multifunctional electronics for online monitoring and regulation of tissue function NATURE MATERIALS Feiner, R., Engel, L., Fleischer, S., Malki, M., Gal, I., Shapira, A., Shacham-Diamand, Y., Dvir, T. 2016; 15 (6): 679-+


    In cardiac tissue engineering approaches to treat myocardial infarction, cardiac cells are seeded within three-dimensional porous scaffolds to create functional cardiac patches. However, current cardiac patches do not allow for online monitoring and reporting of engineered-tissue performance, and do not interfere to deliver signals for patch activation or to enable its integration with the host. Here, we report an engineered cardiac patch that integrates cardiac cells with flexible, freestanding electronics and a 3D nanocomposite scaffold. The patch exhibited robust electronic properties, enabling the recording of cellular electrical activities and the on-demand provision of electrical stimulation for synchronizing cell contraction. We also show that electroactive polymers containing biological factors can be deposited on designated electrodes to release drugs in the patch microenvironment on demand. We expect that the integration of complex electronics within cardiac patches will eventually provide therapeutic control and regulation of cardiac function.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/NMAT4590

    View details for Web of Science ID 000376528000021

    View details for PubMedID 26974408

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4900449

  • High surface area thermoplastic polymer films fabricated by mechanical tearing using nano-porous silicon MICROELECTRONIC ENGINEERING Hakshur, K., Engel, L., Shacham-Diamand, Y., Ruschin, S. 2016; 150: 71–73
  • A Cardiovascular Occlusion Method Based on the Use of a Smart Hydrogel IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING Jackson, N., Verbrugghe, P., Cuypers, D., Adesanya, K., Engel, L., Glazer, P., Dubruel, P., Shacham-Diamand, Y., Mendes, E., Herijgers, P., Stam, F. 2015; 62 (2): 399–406


    Smart hydrogels for biomedical applications are highly researched materials. However, integrating them into a device for implantation is difficult. This paper investigates an integrated delivery device designed to deliver an electro-responsive hydrogel to a target location inside a blood vessel with the purpose of creating an occlusion. The paper describes the synthesis and characterization of a Pluronic/methacrylic acid sodium salt electro-responsive hydrogel. Application of an electrical bias decelerates the expansion of the hydrogel. An integrated delivery system was manufactured to deliver the hydrogel to the target location in the body. Ex vivo and in vivo experiments in the carotid artery of sheep were used to validate the concept. The hydrogel was able to completely occlude the blood vessel reducing the blood flow from 245 to 0 ml/min after implantation. Ex vivo experiments showed that the hydrogel was able to withstand physiological blood pressures of > 270 mm·Hg without dislodgement. The results showed that the electro-responsive hydrogel used in this paper can be used to create a long-term occlusion in a blood vessel without any apparent side effects. The delivery system developed is a promising device for the delivery of electro-responsive hydrogels.

    View details for DOI 10.1109/TBME.2014.2353933

    View details for Web of Science ID 000348297000001

    View details for PubMedID 25203979

  • A study toward the development of an electromechanical poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) buckling membrane actuator JOURNAL OF MICROMECHANICS AND MICROENGINEERING Engel, L., Kruk, S., Shklovsky, J., Shacham-Diamand, Y., Krylov, S. 2014; 24 (12)
  • Thermoplastic nanoimprint lithography of electroactive polymer poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorofluoroethylene) for micro/nanoscale sensors and actuators JOURNAL OF MICRO-NANOLITHOGRAPHY MEMS AND MOEMS Engel, L., Krylov, S., Shacham-Diamand, Y. 2014; 13 (3)
  • Actuation of a novel Pluronic-based hydrogel: Electromechanical response and the role of applied current SENSORS AND ACTUATORS B-CHEMICAL Engel, L., Berkh, O., Adesanya, K., Shklovsky, J., Vanderleyden, E., Dubruel, P., Shacham-Diamand, Y., Krylov, S. 2014; 191: 650–58
  • Nano-imprinting lithography of P(VDF-TrFE-CFE) for flexible freestanding MEMS devices MICROELECTRONIC ENGINEERING Shklovsky, J., Engel, L., Sverdlov, Y., Shacham-Diamand, Y., Krylov, S. 2012; 100: 41–46
  • Freestanding smooth micron-scale polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membranes by thermal imprinting JOURNAL OF MICROMECHANICS AND MICROENGINEERING Engel, L., Shklovsky, J., Schrieber, D., Krylov, S., Shacham-Diamand, Y. 2012; 22 (4)