Doctor of Philosophy, University of Michigan Ann Arbor (2018)
Bachelor of Arts, Cornell University (2013)
Tadashi Fukami, Postdoctoral Faculty Sponsor
- Interspecific variation and elevated CO2 influence the relationship between plant chemical resistance and regrowth tolerance ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION 2020
Interspecific variation and elevated CO2 influence the relationship between plant chemical resistance and regrowth tolerance.
Ecology and evolution
2020; 10 (12): 5416–30
To understand how comprehensive plant defense phenotypes will respond to global change, we investigated the legacy effects of elevated CO2 on the relationships between chemical resistance (constitutive and induced via mechanical damage) and regrowth tolerance in four milkweed species (Asclepias). We quantified potential resistance and tolerance trade-offs at the physiological level following simulated mowing, which are relevant to milkweed ecology and conservation. We examined the legacy effects of elevated CO2 on four hypothesized trade-offs between the following: (a) plant growth rate and constitutive chemical resistance (foliar cardenolide concentrations), (b) plant growth rate and mechanically induced chemical resistance, (c) constitutive resistance and regrowth tolerance, and (d) regrowth tolerance and mechanically induced resistance. We observed support for one trade-off between plant regrowth tolerance and mechanically induced resistance traits that was, surprisingly, independent of CO2 exposure. Across milkweed species, mechanically induced resistance increased by 28% in those plants previously exposed to elevated CO2. In contrast, constitutive resistance and the diversity of mechanically induced chemical resistance traits declined in response to elevated CO2 in two out of four milkweed species. Finally, previous exposure to elevated CO2 uncoupled the positive relationship between plant growth rate and regrowth tolerance following damage. Our data highlight the complex and dynamic nature of plant defense phenotypes under environmental change and question the generality of physiologically based defense trade-offs.
View details for DOI 10.1002/ece3.6284
View details for PubMedID 32607163
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7319169
- Phytochemical changes in milkweed induced by elevated CO2 alter wing morphology but not toxin sequestration in monarch butterflies FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY 2019; 33 (3): 411–21