Deep Learning Based on MRI for Differentiation of Low- and High-Grade in Low-Stage Renal Cell Carcinoma.
Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI
Pretreatment determination of renal cell carcinoma aggressiveness may help to guide clinical decision-making.PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of residual convolutional neural network using routine MRI in differentiating low-grade (grade I-II) from high-grade (grade III-IV) in stage I and II renal cell carcinoma.STUDY TYPE: Retrospective.POPULATION: In all, 376 patients with 430 renal cell carcinoma lesions from 2008-2019 in a multicenter cohort were acquired. The 353 Fuhrman-graded renal cell carcinomas were divided into a training, validation, and test set with a 7:2:1 split. The 77 WHO/ISUP graded renal cell carcinomas were used as a separate WHO/ISUP test set.FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 1.5T and 3.0T/T2 -weighted and T1 contrast-enhanced sequences.ASSESSMENT: The accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the final model were assessed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and precision-recall curve were plotted to measure the performance of the binary classifier. A confusion matrix was drawn to show the true positive, true negative, false positive, and false negative of the model.STATISTICAL TESTS: Mann-Whitney U-test for continuous data and the chi-square test or Fisher's exact test for categorical data were used to compare the difference of clinicopathologic characteristics between the low- and high-grade groups. The adjusted Wald method was used to calculate the 95% confidence interval (CI) of accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity.RESULTS: The final deep-learning model achieved a test accuracy of 0.88 (95% CI: 0.73-0.96), sensitivity of 0.89 (95% CI: 0.74-0.96), and specificity of 0.88 (95% CI: 0.73-0.96) in the Fuhrman test set and a test accuracy of 0.83 (95% CI: 0.73-0.90), sensitivity of 0.92 (95% CI: 0.84-0.97), and specificity of 0.78 (95% CI: 0.68-0.86) in the WHO/ISUP test set.DATA CONCLUSION: Deep learning can noninvasively predict the histological grade of stage I and II renal cell carcinoma using conventional MRI in a multiinstitutional dataset with high accuracy.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 TECHNICAL EFFICACY STAGE: 2.
View details for DOI 10.1002/jmri.27153
View details for PubMedID 32222054