Academic Appointments

2019-20 Courses

All Publications

  • Environmental monitoring. Harnessing DNA to improve environmental management. Science Kelly, R. P., Port, J. A., Yamahara, K. M., Martone, R. G., Lowell, N., Thomsen, P. F., Mach, M. E., Bennett, M., Prahler, E., Caldwell, M. R., Crowder, L. B. 2014; 344 (6191): 1455-1456

    View details for DOI 10.1126/science.1251156

    View details for PubMedID 24970068

  • Emerging frontiers in social-ecological systems research for sustainability of small-scale fisheries CURRENT OPINION IN ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY Kittinger, J. N., Finkbeiner, E. M., Ban, N. C., Broad, K., Carr, M. H., Cinner, J. E., Gelcich, S., Cornwell, M. L., Koehn, J. Z., Basurto, X., Fujita, R., Caldwell, M. R., Cowder, L. B. 2013; 5 (3-4): 352-357
  • Improving Ocean Management through the Use of Ecological Principles and Integrated Ecosyste Assessments BIOSCIENCE Foley, M. M., Armsby, M. H., Prahler, E. E., Caldwell, M. R., Erickson, A. L., Kittinger, J. N., Crowder, L. B., Levin, P. S. 2013; 63 (8): 619-631
  • California's Marine Life Protection Act Initiative: Supporting implementation of legislation establishing a statewide network of marine protected areas OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT Kirlin, J., Caldwell, M., Gleason, M., Weber, M., Ugoretz, J., Fox, E., Miller-Henson, M. 2013; 74: 3-13
  • Enabling conditions to support marine protected area network planning: California's Marine Life Protection Act Initiative as a case study OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT Fox, E., Miller-Henson, M., Ugoretz, J., Weber, M., Gleason, M., Kirlin, J., Caldwell, M., Mastrup, S. 2013; 74: 14-23
  • Designing a network of marine protected areas in California: Achievements, costs, lessons learned, and challenges ahead OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT Gleason, M., Fox, E., Ashcraft, S., Vasques, J., Whiteman, E., Serpa, P., Saarman, E., Caldwell, M., Frimodig, A., Miller-Henson, M., Kirlin, J., Ota, B., Pope, E., Weber, M., Wiseman, K. 2013; 74: 90-101
  • New metrics for managing and sustaining the ocean's bounty MARINE POLICY Tallis, H., Lester, S. E., Ruckelshaus, M., Plummer, M., Mcleod, K., Guerry, A., Andelman, S., Caldwell, M. R., Conte, M., Copps, S., Fox, D., Fujita, R., Gaines, S. D., Gelfenbaum, G., Gold, B., Kareiva, P., Kim, C., Lee, K., Papenfus, M., Redman, S., Silliman, B., Wainger, L., White, C. 2012; 36 (1): 303-306
  • Mitigating Local Causes of Ocean Acidification with Existing Laws SCIENCE Kelly, R. P., Foley, M. M., Fisher, W. S., Feely, R. A., Halpern, B. S., Waldbusser, G. G., CALDWELL, M. R. 2011; 332 (6033): 1036-1037

    View details for DOI 10.1126/science.1203815

    View details for Web of Science ID 000290996700027

    View details for PubMedID 21617060

  • Guiding ecological principles for marine spatial planning MARINE POLICY Foley, M. M., Halpern, B. S., Micheli, F., Armsby, M. H., Caldwell, M. R., Crain, C. M., Prahler, E., Rohr, N., Sivas, D., Beck, M. W., Carr, M. H., Crowder, L. B., Duffy, J. E., Hacker, S. D., McLeod, K. L., Palumbi, S. R., Peterson, C. H., Regan, H. M., Ruckelshaus, M. H., Sandifer, P. A., Steneck, R. S. 2010; 34 (5): 955-966
  • "Lessons for marine conservation planning: A comparison of three marine protected area planning processes" OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT Osmond, M., Airame, S., Caldwell, M., Day, J. 2010; 53 (2): 41-51
  • Evaluating the potential for conservation development: Biophysical, economic, and institutional perspectives CONSERVATION BIOLOGY Pejchar, L., Morgan, P. M., Caldwell, M. R., Palmer, C., Daily, G. C. 2007; 21 (1): 69-78


    The widespread conversion of rural land to low-density residential development poses an immediate threat to biodiversity and to the provision of ecosystem services. Given that development will continue and environmental stakes are high, analyzing alternative growth strategies is critical. Conservation development is one such strategy that has the potential to benefit ecosystems and diverse stakeholders including developers, homebuyers, governments, and society as a whole. Conservation development clusters homes on one part of a property to manage the most ecologically important land for the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services. We draw on lessons learned from landscape ecology, open-space development, and regional planning to weigh the biophysical, economic, and institutional evidence for and against conservation development. Conservation development offers many potential environmental and economic advantages: relatively high home values and appreciation rates, lower development costs, and social and ecological benefits to society including landscape connectivity, protection and active stewardship of important ecological assets, and the maintenance of ecosystem services. But this approach also has shortcomings: it may require enlightened institutional regulations and regional planning (and/or ecologically aware developers), it is not always more profitable than conventional development and thus may require subsidies or incentives, and additional research is required to fully understand its benefits and drawbacks. With more information on the effects of clustering, the development of flexible zoning laws, and effective regional planning, conservation development could be a viable strategy for sustaining biodiversity and ecosystem services in changing landscapes.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00572.x

    View details for Web of Science ID 000244148800015

    View details for PubMedID 17298512

  • No day at the beach: Sea level rise, ecosystem loss, and public access along the California coast ECOLOGY LAW QUARTERLY Caldwell, M., Segall, C. H. 2007; 34 (2): 533-578