Bio


Prof. Martin Kay is Professor of Computational Linguistics at Stanford
U. and Honorary Professor at Saarland U. He studied at Trinity
College, Cambridge. Kay then worked at Rand Corporation, the U. of
California at Irvine and XEROX PARC. Kay is one of the pioneers of
computational linguistics and machine translation. He was responsible
for introducing the notion of chart parsing in computational
linguistics, and the notion of unification in linguistics
generally. With Ron Kaplan, he pioneered research and application
development in finite-state morphology. He has been a longtime
contributor to, and critic of, work on machine translation. In his
seminal paper "The Proper Place of Men and Machines in Language
Translation," Kay argued for MT systems that were tightly integrated in
the human translation process. He was reviewer and critic of EUROTRA,
Verbmobil, and many other MT projects. Kay is former Chair of the
Association of Computational Linguistics and ongoing Chair of the
International Committee on Computational Linguistics. He was a Research
Fellow at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center until 2002. He holds an
honorary doctorate of Gothenburg U. This year, Kay received the
Lifetime Achievement Award of the Association for Computational
Linguistics for his sustained role as an intellectual leader of NLP
research.

Academic Appointments


  • Emeritus Faculty, Acad Council, Linguistics

Administrative Appointments


  • Research Fellow, Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (1974 - 2001)
  • Professor and Chair, Department of Information and Computer Science, University of California (1972 - 1974)
  • Mathematician, The RAND Corporation (1964 - 1972)
  • Head: Linguistic Research Group, Linguistic Research Group (1967 - 1972)
  • Lecturer in Linguistics and Computer Science, University of California, Los Angeles (1966 - 1972)
  • Lecturer in Italian language, Cambridge Technical College (England) (1958 - 1960)
  • Visiting Professor, University of California at Los Angeles, The Linguistic Society of America Summer Institute (1966 - 1966)
  • Visiting Professor, University of New York at Buffalo, The Linguistic Society of America Summer Institute (1975 - 1975)
  • Visiting Professor, The University of Gothenburg (1972 - 1972)
  • Visiting Professor, The University of Bergen (1973 - 1973)
  • Visiting Professor, The University of Copenhagen (1974 - 1974)
  • Visiting Professor, Palo Alto (1975 - 1975)
  • Visiting Professor, The University of Puerto Rico (1971 - 1971)
  • Visiting Professor, The University of Pisa (1972 - 1972)
  • Visiting Professor, The University of Pisa (1974 - 1974)
  • Visiting Professor, The University of Pisa (1975 - 1975)
  • Visiting Professor, The University of Geneva (1985 - 1985)
  • Visiting Professor, The Swiss Society for Artificial Intelligence (1985 - 1985)
  • Visiting Professor, The University of Munich (1986 - 1986)
  • Visiting Professor, University College, London (1993 - 1993)
  • Visiting Professor, Instituto Mitteleuropeo, Bolzano (1993 - 1993)
  • Visiting Professor, University of Utrecht (1994 - 1994)
  • Visiting Professor, The University of Illinois, The Linguistic Society of America Summer Institute (1999 - 1999)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Member, University of California, Berkeley, Linguist and Compute (1961 - 1963)
  • Member, Cambridge Language Research Unit (1958 - 1961)
  • Reviewer on ACQUAINT project, University of the Saarland (2002 - Present)
  • Chairman, The International Committee, Computational Linguistics (1984 - Present)
  • President, Association for Computational Linguistics (1969 - 1969)
  • Chairman, SYSTRAN Panel, The National Academy of Sciences
  • Member of the Committee on Language in Documentation, The International Federation for Documentation
  • Member, International Committee on Computational Linguistics (1984 - Present)
  • Chairman, International Committee on Computational Linguistics (1984 - Present)
  • Chairman of the program committee for the conference, International Committee on Computational Linguistics (1976 - 1976)
  • Chairman of the program committee for the conference, International Committee on Computational Linguistics (2000 - 2000)
  • General Chairman, International Committee on Computational Linguistics (1984 - 1984)
  • Consultant on Linguistic Computer Applications, University of Chicago, Department of Anthropology
  • Consultant on Linguistic Computer Applications, Stanford University, Chinese Bibliography Project
  • Consultant on Linguistic Computer Applications, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, Department of Computational Linguistics
  • Consultant on Linguistic Computer Applications, The American Heritage Publishing Company
  • Consultant on Linguistic Computer Applications, Tracor Computing Corporation
  • Consultant on Linguistic Computer Applications, The University of Texas, Linguistic Research Center
  • Consultant on Linguistic Computer Applications, The Institute for Christianity and Antiquity, Claremont Graduate School
  • Consultant on Linguistic Computer Applications, Carnegie-Mellon University, Translation Center
  • Consultant on Linguistic Computer Applications, The Minister of Industry and Commerce, Brazil

Program Affiliations


  • Symbolic Systems Program

Professional Education


  • Doctor of Philosophy, University of Geneva, Switzerland, (honoris causa) (2008)
  • Honorary Professorship, University of the Saarland (1999)
  • Doctor of Philosophy, Gothenburg University, Sweden, (honoris causa) (1982)
  • PhD, Cambridge
  • M.A., Cambridge
  • B.A., Cambridge

2020-21 Courses


All Publications


  • Gazing and Typing Activities during Translation: A Comparative Study of Translation Units of Professional and Student Translators META Carl, M., Kay, M. 2011; 56 (4): 952-975
  • The Proper Place of Men and Machines in Translation Machine Translation Kay, M. 1997; 12
  • Chart Generation Kay, M. 1996
  • Verbmobil: A Translation System for Face-to-Face Dialog Kay, M., Gawron, J. M., Norwig, P. CSLI, Stanford California. 1994
  • Regular Models of Phonological Rule Systems Computational Linguistics Kaplan, R. M., Kay, M. 1994
  • Text-Translation Alignment Computational Linguistics Röscheisen, M., Kay, M. 1993; 19 (1)
  • An Introduction to Machine Translation Hutchins, W. J., Somers, H. L., Kay Martin London: Academic Press. 1992
  • Unification Computational Linguistics and Formal Semantics Johnson, M., Johnson, R., Johnson, R., Kay, M. Cambrdige University Press. 1992
  • Algorithm Schemata and Data Structures in Syntactic Processing Readings in Natural Language Processing Kay, M., Allen, S. Morgan Kaufman. 1986
  • Parsing in Functional Unification Grammar Readings in Natural Language Processing Grosz, B. J., Jones, K. S., Webber, B. L. Morgan Kaufman. 1986
  • Unification in Grammar Natural Language Understanding and Logic Programming Dahl, V., Saint-Dizier, P., Kay, M. North Holland. 1985
  • Parsing in Free Word Order Languages Natural Language Parsing Kay, M., Karttunen, L., Dowty, D. R., Zwicky, A. M. Cambridge University Press. 1985
  • Parsing in Functional Unification Grammar Natural Language Parsing Kay, M., Dowty, D. R., Karttunen, L., Zwicky, A. M. Cambridge University Press. 1985
  • Functional Unification Grammar: A Formalism for Machine Translation Association for Computational Linguistics Kay, M. 1984
  • When Meta-rules are not Meta-rules Automatic Natural Language Parsing Kay, M., Jones, S., Wilks, K., Wilks, Y. 1983
  • Algorithm Schemata and Data Structures in Syntactic Processing Text Processing, Proceedings of Nobel Symposium 51. Kay, M., Grosz, B. J., Spark, H., Webber, B. L. Stockholm, Almqvist & Wiksell International. 1982
  • Functional Grammar Kay, M. 1979
  • Computer Aids in Translation Computer Support to Translation Kay, M. Foreign Broadcast Information Service. 1978
  • Functional Grammar Theoretical Issues in Natural Language Processing II Kay, M. Cambridge, Massachusetts. 1977
  • GUS, A FRAME-DRIVEN DIALOG SYSTEM ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Bobrow, D. G., Kaplan, R. M., Kay, M., Norman, D. A., Thompson, H., Winograd, T. 1977; 8 (2): 155-173
  • Natural Language in Information Science Kay, M. edited by Walker, D. E., Karlgren, H. Skriptor, Stockholm. 1977
  • Experiments with a Powerful Parser American Journal of Computational Linguistics Kay, M. 1976; 2
  • The Proper Place of Men and Machines in Translation Kay, M. 1976
  • Syntactic Processing and the Functional Sentence Perspective Theoretical Issues in Natural Language Processing Kay, M. Cambridge, Massachusetts. 1975
  • Linguistics and Information Science Kay, M., Jones, K. S. Academic Press. 1973
  • The MIND System Natural Language Processing Kay, M. edited by Rustin, R. New York, the Algorithmics Press. 1973
  • AUTOMATIC TRANSLATION OF NATURAL LANGUAGES DAEDALUS Kay, M. 1973: 217-230
  • The MIND Translation System: a Study in Man-Machine Collaboration Bisbey, R., Kay, M. Santa Monica, The RAND Corporation. 1972
  • Automated Language Processing Annual Review of Information Science and Technology Jones, K. S., Kay, M. edited by Cuadra, C. A. Encyclopedia Britanica. 1971
  • The MIND System: The Structure of the Semantic File Stanley, W. Y., Kay, M. Santa Monica, The RAND Corporation. 1970
  • The MIND System: The Morphological Analysis Program Kay, M., Martins, G. R. Santa Monica, The RAND Corporation. 1970
  • From Semantics to Syntax Kay, M. 1970
  • Computational Linguistics at RAND Kay, M. Santa Monica, The RAND Corporation. 1969
  • Computational Competence and Linguistic Performance Kay, M. Santa Monica, The RAND Corporation. 1969
  • The Computer System to Aid the Linguistic Field Worker Kay, M. Santa Monica, The RAND Corporation. 1969
  • From Semantics to Syntax Recent Developments in Linguistics, Mouton Kay, M. edited by Bierwisch, M., Heidolph, K. E. The Hague. 1968
  • Experiments with a Powerful Parser Kay, M. 1967
  • Standards for Encoding Linguistic Data Computers and the Humanities Kay, M. 1967; 1 (5)
  • The Tabular Parser: A Parsing Program for Phrase-Structure and Dependency Kay, M. Santa Monica, The RAND Corporation. 1966
  • Computer Routines to Read Natural Text with Complex Formats Graves, P. A., Hays, G., Ziehe, T. W., Kay, M. Santa Monica, The RAND Corporation. 1966
  • The Catalog: A Flexible Data Structure for Magnetic Tape Santa Monica, The RAND Corporation Ziehe, T. W., Kay, M. Santa Monica, The RAND Corporation. 1965
  • Large File in Linguistic Computing Kay, M. Santa Monica, The RAND Corporation. 1965
  • Natural Language in Computer Form Ziehe, T. W., Kay, M. Santa Monica, The RAND Corporation. 1964
  • A General Procedure for Rewriting Strings Paper presented at the annual meeting Kay, M. 1964
  • The Logic of Cognate Recognition in Historical Linguistics Kay, M. Santa Monica, The RAND Corporation. 1964
  • A Parsing Program for Categorial Grammars Monica, S., Kay, M. Santa Monica, The RAND Corporation. 1964
  • Rules of Interpretation--An Approach to the Problem of Computation in the Semantics of Natural Language Kay, M. 1962
  • A Parsing Procedure Kay, M. 1962