From 2012 until 2019, I co-managed the SHRIMP-RG ion-microprobe at Stanford University. I oversaw operation of the laboratories and work closely with Stanford scientists, students, and visiting scientists to undertake measurements on the SHRIMP-RG. This includes training users in SIMS methods, assisting with sample preparation/characterization, data acquisition, reduction, interpretation, and publication of results. I also contribute to the development and refinement of new techniques and standard development efforts on the SHRIMP-RG.

My research focuses on understanding the timescales of magmatic processes and the sources of crystal diversity in magmatic systems. To accomplish this, I use radiometric dating (238U-230Th, 238U-206Pb, 40Ar-39Ar, and U-Th/He) and chemical analysis of minerals to investigate the temporal and compositional history of magmas. I integrate these results to better understand how magmas evolved in the crust leading up to eruption, and the geology of these deposits exposed on Earth’s surface today. The methods I utilize involve electron microprobe (EMP), secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), nanoSIMS, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS).

One of the exciting and challenging components of my research is finding analytical techniques to answer complicated petrogenetic questions. To do this, one of the main tools I employ is the high spatial resolution of SIMS in order to measure trace elements and isotopic ages simultaneously, often in-situ, from the same analyte volume (~4 ng). Additionally, using the relatively slow sputter rate of the SIMS method (10’s of nm/min), I have applied this approach to depth profiling into fresh, unpolished mineral surfaces to target the last phase of mineral growth. This have been extremely useful for dating zircons with complicated histories. For example, I have been working on radiometrically dating geologically young volcanic zircons (Quaternary in age) where the outermost micron of grain yields crystallization ages that agree with Ar-Ar and U-Th/He eruption ages, whereas the interiors contain older inherited portions of the grains. Another example is applying this technique to dating thing (<2 micron) metaphoric rims surround an older protolith core, which would be impossible to analyze using traditional techniques of polishing zircon to expose the interiors of the grains.

Please visit for more information about the SHRIMP-RG and SIMS.

I have recently moved to Wellington, New Zealand. However, I remain actively involved in numerous on-gong projects at Stanford University and in the SHRIMP- RG lab as a consulting scientist. Please contact me using my or gmail accounts if you have question about previous or ongoing research projects.

Academic Appointments

Professional Education

  • PhD, Stanford University (2012)
  • BS, Oregon State University (2004)


  • PGEs and trace metals in Sulfides

    I am undertaking analyses of trace elements in sulfides from samples at McDermitt Caldera, NV. The project utilized the Cs+ primary beam on the SHRIMP-RG, and is a new technique in development in the lab, with collaboration Jessica Warren and Megan D'Errico (Stanford GES)


    McDermitt Caldera, NV

  • Volatiles and Trace Elements in Apatite

    I am working to measure high precision (better than 5% uncertainties) 206Pb/238U ages on natural apatites. Trace element concentrations in apatites include Li, Cl, S, F, Mg, Fe, Sc, Y, REE, Hf, Th, and U, and are reproducible to better than 5% (1sigma). I have been working with several groups to analyze natural apatites, as well as Jonathan Payne's group analyzing trace elements in conodonts.



  • U-Pb depth profiling on mineral surfaces

    I have several projects in progress using a method by which we target specifically the outer-most unpolished zircon surface. The analyses of the surfaces contain data for the youngest-most mineral growth. I have applied this approach to look at age differences between the rim and core for zircon from the Fish Canyon Tuff. A second projects in collaboration with Mary Leech (SFSU) is targeting the youngest phase of metamorphic zircon growth from samples located in the Great Himalaya Sequence deformed and exhumed along the Zanskar Shear Zone. This is the only approach for targeting thin rims that may be only 2-5 microns in diameter, when viewed in cross section.



  • Combining zircon U-Th dating on the SHRIMP and U-Th-He on the Noblesse

    I am collaborating with Seth Burgess (Mendenhall Postdoc at USGS), Jorge Vazquez and Michelle Coombs (USGS) on combining these two techniques to date young (Holocene-Pleistocene) tephras in Alaska


    Fairbanks, AK

  • New applications in Rutile, Baddeleyite, Monazite, and other minerals

    I am always interested in new dating ideas, approaches, or methodology that can utilize the high-spatial resolution and high mass-resolution of the SHRIMP-RG. Recently, we have been running Rutile, Baddeleyite, and Apatite for U-Pb ages, but other potential minerals are also an option. Please contact me if you are interested in new method development ideas to tackle specific Earth science questions.



All Publications

  • GHR1 Zircon - A New Eocene Natural Reference Material for Microbeam U-Pb Geochronology and Hf Isotopic Analysis of Zircon GEOSTANDARDS AND GEOANALYTICAL RESEARCH Eddy, M. P., Ibanez-Mejia, M., Burgess, S. D., Coble, M. A., Cordani, U. G., DesOrmeau, J., Gehrels, G. E., Li, X., MacLennan, S., Pecha, M., Sato, K., Schoene, B., Valencia, V. A., Vervoort, J. D., Wang, T. 2019; 43 (1): 113–32

    View details for DOI 10.1111/ggr.12246

    View details for Web of Science ID 000458275600007

  • In situ measurements of lead and other trace elements in abyssal peridotite sulfides AMERICAN MINERALOGIST D'Errico, M. E., Coble, M. A., Warren, J. M. 2019; 104 (2): 190–206
  • Ten-million years of activity within the Eastern California Shear Zone from U–Pb dating of fault-zone opal Earth and Planetary Science Letters Nuriel, P., Miller, D. M., Schmitt, K. M., Coble, M. A., Maher, K. 2019; 521: 37-45
  • Composition and formation age of the amorphous silica coating glacially polished surfaces Geology Blackburn, T., Simon-Tov, S., Coble, M. A., Stock, G., Brodsky, E., Hallet, B. 2019; 47: 347-350

    View details for DOI 10.1130/G45737.1

  • On the eruption age and provenance of the Old Crow tephra Quaternary Science Review Burgess, S. D., Coble, M. A., Vazquez, J. A., Coombs, M. L., Wallace, K. L. 2019; 207: 64-79

    View details for DOI 10.1029/2018JB016418

  • Magmatic-tectonic control on the generation of silicic magmas in Iceland: Constraints from Hafnartjall-Skarosheioi volcano LITHOS Banik, T. J., Miller, C. F., Fisher, C. M., Coble, M. A., Vervoort, J. D. 2018; 318: 326–39
  • Isotope-dilution anchoring of zircon reference materials for accurate Ti-inzircon thermometry CHEMICAL GEOLOGY Szymanowski, D., Fehr, M. A., Guillong, M., Coble, M. A., Wotzlaw, J., Nasdala, L., Ellis, B. S., Bachmann, O., Schönbächler, M. 2018; 481: 146-154
  • Hadean zircon from a 3.3 Ga sandstone, Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa GEOLOGY Byerly, B. L., Lowe, D. R., Drabon, N., Byerly, G. R. 2018

    View details for DOI 10.1130/G45276.1

  • Trace Element Characterisation of MAD‐559 Zircon Reference Material for Ion Microprobe Analysis Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research Coble, M. A., Vazquez, J. A., Barth, A. B., Wooden, J., Burns, D., Kylander-Clark, A., Jackson, S., Vennari, C. E. 2018

    View details for DOI 10.1111/ggr.12238

  • Early Onset of Franciscan Subduction TECTONICS Mulcahy, S. R., Starnes, J. K., Day, H. W., Coble, M. A., Vervoort, J. D. 2018; 37: 1-16
  • The tempo of continental arc construction in the Mesozoic Median Batholith, Fiordland, New Zealand LITHOSPHERE Schwartz, J. J., Klepeis, K. A., Sadorski, J. F., Stowell, H. H., Tulloch, A. J., Coble, M. A. 2017: L610-1

    View details for DOI 10.1130/L610.1

  • New zircon (U-Th)/He and U/Pb eruption age for the Rockland tephra, western USA QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS Coble, M. A., Burgess, S. D., Klemetti, E. W. 2017; 172: 109-117
  • Lithium enrichment in intracontinental rhyolite magmas leads to Li deposits in caldera basins NATURE COMMUNICATIONS Benson, T. R., Coble, M. A., Rytuba, J. J., Mahood, G. A. 2017; 8: 1-9


    The omnipresence of lithium-ion batteries in mobile electronics, and hybrid and electric vehicles necessitates discovery of new lithium resources to meet rising demand and to diversify the global lithium supply chain. Here we demonstrate that lake sediments preserved within intracontinental rhyolitic calderas formed on eruption and weathering of lithium-enriched magmas have the potential to host large lithium clay deposits. We compare lithium concentrations of magmas formed in a variety of tectonic settings using in situ trace-element measurements of quartz-hosted melt inclusions to demonstrate that moderate to extreme lithium enrichment occurs in magmas that incorporate felsic continental crust. Cenozoic calderas in western North America and in other intracontinental settings that generated such magmas are promising new targets for lithium exploration because lithium leached from the eruptive products by meteoric and hydrothermal fluids becomes concentrated in clays within caldera lake sediments to potentially economically extractable levels.Lithium is increasingly being utilized for modern technology in the form of lithium-ion batteries. Here, using in situ measurements of quartz-hosted melt inclusions, the authors demonstrate that preserved lake sediments within rhyolitic calderas have the potential to host large lithium-rich clay deposits.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41467-017-00234-y

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5559592

  • Porphyry Cu formation in the middle Jurassic Yerington batholith, Nevada, USA: Constraints from laser Raman, trace element, U-Pb age, and oxygen isotope analyses of zircon GEOSPHERE Banik, T. J., Coble, M. A., Miller, C. F. 2017; 13: 1-20

    View details for DOI 10.1130/GES01351.1

  • Detrital zircon resolve longevity and evolution of silicic magmatism in extinct volcanic centers: A case study from the East Fjords of Iceland GEOSPHERE Carley, T. L., Miller, C. F., Sigmarsson, O., Coble, M. A., Fisher, C. M., Hanchar, J. M., Schmitt, A. K., Economos, R. C. 2017; 13: 1-24

    View details for DOI 10.1130/GES01467.1T

  • Generation of silicic melts in the early Izu-Bonin arc recorded by detrital zircons in proximal arc volcaniclastic rocks from the Philippine Sea Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems Barth, A. P., Tani, K., Meffre, S., Wooden, J. L., Coble, M. A., Arculus, R. J., Ishizuka, O., Shukle, J. T. 2017; 18

    View details for DOI 10.1002/2017GC006948

  • Early Carboniferous anorogenic magmatism in the Levant: Implications for rifting in northern Gondwana INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Golan, T., Katzir, Y., Coble, M. A. 2017
  • Dating the Paleoproterozoic snowball Earth glaciations using contemporaneous subglacial hydrothermal systems GEOLOGY Zakharov, D. O., Bindeman, I. N., Slabunov, A. I., Ovtcharova, M., Coble, M. A., Serebryakov, N. S., Schaltegger, U. 2017

    View details for DOI 10.1130/G38759.1

  • Post-supereruption recovery at Toba Caldera NATURE COMMUNICATIONS Mucek, A. E., Danišik, M., de Silva, S. L., Schmitt, A. K., Pratomo, I., Coble, M. A. 2017; 8: 15248

    View details for DOI 10.1038/NCOMMS15248

  • The eruptive and magmatic history of the youngest pulse of volcanism at the Valles caldera: implications for successfully dating late Quaternary eruptions JOURNAL OF VOLCANOLOGY AND GEOTHERMAL RESEARCH Zimmerer, M. J., Lafferty, J., Coble, M. A. 2016; 310: 50-57
  • White mica trace element and boron isotope evidence for distinctive infiltration events during exhumation of deeply subducted continental crust INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW Sievers, N. E., Menold, C. A., Grove, M., Coble, M. A. 2016; 59: 1-18
  • Elucidating the magmatic history of the Austurhorn silicic intrusive complex (southeast Iceland) using zircon elemental and isotopic geochemistry and geochronology CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY Padilla, A. J., Miller, C. F., Carley, T. L., Economos, R. C., Schmitt, A. K., Coble, M. A., Wooden, J. L., Fisher, C. M., Vervoort, J. D., Hanchar, J. M. 2016; 171 (69): 1-21
  • The Early Paleozoic basite magmatism of Western Transbaikalia: Composition, isotope age (U-Pb, SHRIMP RG), magma sources, and geodynamics Petrology Tsygankov, A. A., Udoratina, O. V., Burmakina, G. N., Antsiferova, T. N., Coble, M. A. 2016; 24: 367–391
  • Chemical abrasion-SIMS (CA-SIMS) U-Pb dating of zircon from the late Eocene Caetano caldera, Nevada CHEMICAL GEOLOGY Watts, K. E., Coble, M. A., Vazquez, J. A., Henry, C. D., Colgan, J. P., John, D. A. 2016; 439: 139-151
  • Refined deep-water depositional history and dating of the Tongaporutuan reference section, North Taranaki, New Zealand NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY AND GEOPHYSICS Maier, K. L., Crundwell, M. P., Coble, M. A., King, P. R., Graham, S. A. 2016; 59: 313-329
  • Thermochronology of extensional orogenic collapse in the deep curst of Fiordland, New Zealand GEOSPHERE Schwartz, J. J., Stowell, H. H., Klepeis, K. A., Tulloch, A. J., Kylander-Clark, A. R., Hacker, B. R., Coble, M. A. 2016; 12: 1-31

    View details for DOI 10.1130/GES01232.1

  • Petrogenesis and provenance of distal volcanic tuffs from the Permian–Triassic Karoo Basin, South Africa: A window into a dissected magmatic province GEOSPHERE McKay, M. M., Coble, M. A., Hessler, A. M., Weislogel, A. L., Fildani, A. 2016; 12: 1-14

    View details for DOI 10.1130/GES01215.1

  • Geology of the High Rock caldera complex, northwest Nevada, and implications for intense rhyolitic volcanism associated with flood basalt magmatism and the initiation of the Snake River Plain–Yellowstone trend GEOSPHERE Coble, M. A., Mahood, G. A. 2016; 12: 58-113

    View details for DOI 10.1130/GES01162.1

  • Constraints on plateau architecture and assembly from deep crustal xenoliths, northern Altiplano (SE Peru) GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN Chapman, A. D., Mihai, D. N., McQuarrie, N., Coble, M. A., Petrescu, L., Hoffman, D. 2015; 127: 1777-1797

    View details for DOI 10.1130/B31206.1

  • Influence of radiation damage on Late Jurassic zircon from southern China: Evidence from in situ measurements of oxygen isotopes, laser raman, U–Pb ages, and trace elements CHEMICAL GEOLOGY Wang, X., Coble, M. A., Valley, J. W., Shu, X., Kitajima, K., Spicuzza, M. J., Sun, T. 2014; 289: 122–136
  • Initial impingement of the Yellowstone plume located by widespread silicic volcanism contemporaneous with Columbia River flood basalts GEOLOGY Coble, M. A., Mahood, G. A. 2012; 40 (7): 655-658

    View details for DOI 10.1130/G32692.1

    View details for Web of Science ID 000305818900020

  • Calibration of Nu-Instruments Noblesse multicollector mass spectrometers for argon isotopic measurements using a newly developed reference gas CHEMICAL GEOLOGY Coble, M. A., Grove, M., Calvert, A. T. 2011; 290 (1-2): 75-87