Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis: Molecular Landscape, Current Management, and Emerging Therapies.
Neurosurgery clinics of North America
2020; 31 (4): 613–25
Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis is a devastating consequence of late-stage cancer, and despite multimodal treatment, remains rapidly fatal. Definitive diagnosis requires identification of malignant cells in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), or frank disease on MRI. Therapy is generally palliative and consists primarily of radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy, which is administered intrathecally or systemically. Immunotherapies and novel experimental therapies have emerged as promising options for decreasing patient morbidity and mortality. In this review, the authors discuss a refined view of the molecular pathophysiology of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis, current approaches to disease management, and emerging therapies.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.nec.2020.06.010
View details for PubMedID 32921356