Stanford Advisors

All Publications

  • First-Row Transition Metal Antimonates for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction. ACS nano Gunasooriya, G. T., Kreider, M. E., Liu, Y., Zamora Zeledon, J. A., Wang, Z., Valle, E., Yang, A., Gallo, A., Sinclair, R., Stevens, M. B., Jaramillo, T. F., Norskov, J. K. 2022


    The development of inexpensive and abundant catalysts with high activity, selectivity, and stability for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is imperative for the widespread implementation of fuel cell devices. Herein, we present a combined theoretical-experimental approach to discover and design first-row transition metal antimonates as excellent electrocatalytic materials for the ORR. Theoretically, we identify first-row transition metal antimonates─MSb2O6, where M = Mn, Fe, Co, and Ni─as nonprecious metal catalysts with good oxygen binding energetics, conductivity, thermodynamic phase stability, and aqueous stability. Among the considered antimonates, MnSb2O6 shows the highest theoretical ORR activity based on the 4e- ORR kinetic volcano. Experimentally, nanoparticulate transition metal antimonate catalysts are found to have a minimum of a 2.5-fold enhancement in intrinsic mass activity (on transition metal mass basis) relative to the corresponding transition metal oxide at 0.7 V vs RHE in 0.1 M KOH. MnSb2O6 is the most active catalyst under these conditions, with a 3.5-fold enhancement on a per Mn mass activity basis and 25-fold enhancement on a surface area basis over its antimony-free counterpart. Electrocatalytic and material stability are demonstrated over a 5 h chronopotentiometry experiment in the stability window identified by theoretical Pourbaix analysis. This study further highlights the stable and electrically conductive antimonate structure as a framework to tune the activity and selectivity of nonprecious metal oxide active sites for ORR catalysis.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/acsnano.2c00420

    View details for PubMedID 35377139

  • Engineering metal-metal oxide surfaces for high-performance oxygen reduction on Ag-Mn electrocatalysts ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Zeledon, J., Gunasooriya, G., Kamat, G. A., Kreider, M. E., Ben-Naim, M., Hubert, M. A., Acosta, J., Norskov, J. K., Stevens, M., Jaramillo, T. F. 2022

    View details for DOI 10.1039/d2ee00047d

    View details for Web of Science ID 000766715400001

  • Tuning the electronic structure of Ag-Pd alloys to enhance performance for alkaline oxygen reduction. Nature communications Zamora Zeledón, J. A., Stevens, M. B., Gunasooriya, G. T., Gallo, A. n., Landers, A. T., Kreider, M. E., Hahn, C. n., Nørskov, J. K., Jaramillo, T. F. 2021; 12 (1): 620


    Alloying is a powerful tool that can improve the electrocatalytic performance and viability of diverse electrochemical renewable energy technologies. Herein, we enhance the activity of Pd-based electrocatalysts via Ag-Pd alloying while simultaneously lowering precious metal content in a broad-range compositional study focusing on highly comparable Ag-Pd thin films synthesized systematically via electron-beam physical vapor co-deposition. Cyclic voltammetry in 0.1 M KOH shows enhancements across a wide range of alloys; even slight alloying with Ag (e.g. Ag0.1Pd0.9) leads to intrinsic activity enhancements up to 5-fold at 0.9 V vs. RHE compared to pure Pd. Based on density functional theory and x-ray absorption, we hypothesize that these enhancements arise mainly from ligand effects that optimize adsorbate-metal binding energies with enhanced Ag-Pd hybridization. This work shows the versatility of coupled experimental-theoretical methods in designing materials with specific and tunable properties and aids the development of highly active electrocatalysts with decreased precious-metal content.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/s41467-021-20923-z

    View details for PubMedID 33504815

  • Identifying and Tuning the In Situ Oxygen-Rich Surface of Molybdenum Nitride Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction ACS APPLIED ENERGY MATERIALS Stevens, M., Kreider, M. E., Patel, A. M., Wang, Z., Liu, Y., Gibbons, B. M., Statt, M. J., Ievlev, A., Sinclair, R., Mehta, A., Davis, R. C., Norskov, J. K., Gallo, A., King, L. A., Jaramillo, T. F. 2020; 3 (12): 12433–46
  • Nitride or Oxynitride? Elucidating the Composition-Activity Relationships in Molybdenum Nitride Electrocatalysts for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS Kreider, M. E., Stevens, M., Liu, Y., Patel, A. M., Statt, M. J., Gibbons, B. M., Gallo, A., Ben-Naim, M., Mehta, A., Davis, R. C., Ievlev, A., Norskov, J. K., Sinclair, R., King, L. A., Jaramillo, T. F. 2020; 32 (7): 2946–60
  • In Situ X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy Disentangles the Roles of Copper and Silver in a Bimetallic Catalyst for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS Gibbons, B. M., Wette, M., Stevens, M., Davis, R. C., Siahrostami, S., Kreider, M., Mehta, A., Higgins, D. C., Clemens, B. M., Jaramillo, T. F. 2020; 32 (5): 1819–27
  • Precious Metal-Free Nickel Nitride Catalyst for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction. ACS applied materials & interfaces Kreider, M. E., Gallo, A., Back, S., Liu, Y., Siahrostami, S., Nordlund, D., Sinclair, R., Norskov, J. K., King, L. A., Jaramillo, T. F. 2019


    With promising activity and stability for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), transition metal nitrides are an interesting class of non-platinum group catalysts for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. Here, we report an active thin-film nickel nitride catalyst synthesized through a reactive sputtering method. In rotating disk electrode testing in a 0.1 M HClO4 electrolyte, the crystalline nickel nitride film achieved high activity and selectivity to four-electron ORR. It also exhibited good stability during 10 and 40 h chronoamperometry measurements in acid and alkaline electrolyte, respectively. A combined experiment-theory approach, with detailed ex situ materials characterization and density functional theory calculations, provides insight into the structure of the catalyst and its surface during catalysis. Design strategies for activity and stability improvement through alloying and nanostructuring are discussed.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/acsami.9b07116

    View details for PubMedID 31310093