All Publications

  • Growth mode control for direct-gap core/shell Ge/GeSn nanowire light emission MATERIALS TODAY Meng, A. C., Braun, M. R., Wang, Y., Peng, S., Tan, W., Lentz, J., Xue, M., Pakzad, A., Marshall, A. F., Harris, J. S., Cai, W., McIntyre, P. C. 2020; 40: 101–13
  • Mid-infrared emission and absorption from GeSn/Ge core-shell nanowires with nanophotonic light extraction Peng, S., Braun, M., Meng, A., Shang, Z., Salleo, A., McIntyre, P. C., IEEE IEEE. 2020
  • In-Situ Reflectometry to Monitor Locally-Catalyzed Initiation and Growth of Nanowire Assemblies. Nanotechnology Braun, M. R., Guniat, L. n., Fontcuberta I Morral, A. n., McIntyre, P. C. 2020


    We investigate in-situ laser reflectometry for measuring the axial growth rate in chemical vapor deposition of assemblies of well-aligned vertical germanium nanowires grown epitaxially on single crystal substrates. Finite Difference Frequency Domain optical simulations were performed in order to facilitate quantitative analysis and interpretation of the measured reflectivity data. The results show an insensitivity of reflected intensity oscillation period to nanowire diameter and density within the range of experimental conditions investigated. Compared to previous quantitative in-situ measurements performed on III-V nanowire arrays, which showed two distinct rate regimes, we observe a constant, steady-state wire growth rate. Furthermore, we show that the measured reflectivity decay can be used to determine the germanium nanowire nucleation time with good precision. This technique provides an avenue to monitor growth of nanowires in a variety of materials systems and growth conditions.

    View details for DOI 10.1088/1361-6528/ab8def

    View details for PubMedID 32344388

  • Imaging light-induced phase separation dynamics of inorganic halide perovskites Peng, S., Meng, A., Tan, W., Braun, M., Saini, B., Severson, K., Marshall, A., McIntyre, P. C., IEEE IEEE. 2020
  • Plasmons and inter-band transitions of hexagonal close packed gold nanoparticles APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS Peng, S., Meng, A. C., Braun, M. P., Marshall, A. F., McIntyre, P. C. 2019; 115 (5)

    View details for DOI 10.1063/1.5100991

    View details for Web of Science ID 000478913700013

  • > 10% solar-to-hydrogen efficiency unassisted water splitting on ALD-protected silicon heterojunction solar cells SUSTAINABLE ENERGY & FUELS Tan, C., Kemp, K. W., Braun, M. R., Meng, A. C., Tan, W., Chidsey, C. D., Ma, W., Moghadam, F., McIntyre, P. C. 2019; 3 (6): 1490–1500

    View details for DOI 10.1039/c9se00110g

    View details for Web of Science ID 000469258600011

  • Dynamic Structure and Chemistry of the Silicon Solid-Electrolyte Interphase Visualized by Cryogenic Electron Microscopy Matter Huang, W., Wang, J., Braun, M. R., Zhang, Z., Li, Y., Boyle, D. T., McIntyre, P. C., Cui, Y. 2019; 1 (5)
  • Atomic Layer Deposited TiO2-IrOx Alloy as a Hole Transport Material for Perovskite Solar Cells ADVANCED MATERIALS INTERFACES Tan, W., Hendricks, O. L., Meng, A. C., Braun, M. R., McGehee, M. D., Chidsey, C. D., McIntyre, P. C. 2018; 5 (16)
  • Contact Selectivity Engineering in a 2 mu m Thick Ultrathin c-Si Solar Cell Using Transition-Metal Oxides Achieving an Efficiency of 10.8% ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES Xue, M., Islam, R., Meng, A. C., Lyu, Z., Lu, C., Tae, C., Braun, M. R., Zang, K., McIntyre, P. C., Kamins, T. I., Saraswat, K. C., Harris, J. S. 2017; 9 (48): 41863-41870
  • Contact Selectivity Engineering in a 2 mum Thick Ultrathin c-Si Solar Cell Using Transition-Metal Oxides Achieving an Efficiency of 10.8. ACS applied materials & interfaces Xue, M., Islam, R., Meng, A. C., Lyu, Z., Lu, C., Tae, C., Braun, M. R., Zang, K., McIntyre, P. C., Kamins, T. I., Saraswat, K. C., Harris, J. S. 2017


    In this paper, the integration of metal oxides as carrier-selective contacts for ultrathin crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cells is demonstrated which results in an 13% relative improvement in efficiency. The improvement in efficiency originates from the suppression of the contact recombination current due to the band offset asymmetry of these oxides with Si. First, an ultrathin c-Si solar cell having a total thickness of 2 mum is shown to have >10% efficiency without any light-trapping scheme. This is achieved by the integration of nickel oxide (NiOx) as a hole-selective contact interlayer material, which has a low valence band offset and high conduction band offset with Si. Second, we show a champion cell efficiency of 10.8% with the additional integration of titanium oxide (TiOx), a well-known material for an electron-selective contact interlayer. Key parameters including Voc and Jsc also show different degrees of enhancement if single (NiOx only) or double (both NiOx and TiOx) carrier-selective contacts are integrated. The fabrication process for TiOx and NiOx layer integration is scalable and shows good compatibility with the device.

    View details for PubMedID 29124928

  • Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy for quantitative interface state characterization of planar and nanostructured semiconductor-dielectric interfaces. Nanotechnology Meng, A. C., Tang, K. n., Braun, M. R., Zhang, L. n., McIntyre, P. C. 2017; 28 (41): 415704


    The performance of nanostructured semiconductors is frequently limited by interface defects that trap electronic carriers. In particular, high aspect ratio geometries dramatically increase the difficulty of using typical solid-state electrical measurements (multifrequency capacitance- and conductance-voltage testing) to quantify interface trap densities (D it). We report on electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) to characterize the energy distribution of interface traps at metal oxide/semiconductor interfaces. This method takes advantage of liquid electrolytes, which provide conformal electrical contacts. Planar Al2O3/p-Si and Al2O3/p-Si0.55Ge0.45 interfaces are used to benchmark the EIS data against results obtained from standard electrical testing methods. We find that the solid state and EIS data agree very well, leading to the extraction of consistent D it energy distributions. Measurements carried out on pyramid-nanostructured p-Si obtained by KOH etching followed by deposition of a 10 nm ALD-Al2O3 demonstrate the application of EIS to trap characterization of a nanostructured dielectric/semiconductor interface. These results show the promise of this methodology to measure interface state densities for a broad range of semiconductor nanostructures such as nanowires, nanofins, and porous structures.

    View details for PubMedID 28776501

  • Core-Shell Germanium/Germanium Tin Nanowires Exhibiting Room Temperature Direct- and Indirect-Gap Photoluminescence NANO LETTERS Meng, A. C., Fenrich, C. S., Braun, M. R., McVittie, J. P., Marshall, A. F., Harris, J. S., McIntyre, P. C. 2016; 16 (12): 7521-7529


    Germanium-tin alloy nanowires hold promise as silicon-compatible optoelectronic elements with the potential to achieve a direct band gap transition required for efficient light emission. In contrast to Ge1-xSnx epitaxial thin films, free-standing nanowires deposited on misfitting germanium or silicon substrates can avoid compressive, elastic strains that inhibit formation of a direct gap. We demonstrate strong room temperature photoluminescence, consistent with band edge emission from both Ge core nanowires, elastically strained in tension, and the almost unstrained Ge1-xSnx shells grown around them. Low-temperature chemical vapor deposition of these core-shell structures was achieved using standard precursors, resulting in Sn incorporation that significantly exceeds the bulk solubility limit in germanium.

    View details for DOI 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b03316

    View details for PubMedID 27802056