Clinical Focus


  • Pediatric CriticalCare Medicine
  • Pediatrics
  • Solid Organ Transplantation
  • Sedation

Academic Appointments


Professional Education


  • Fellowship: Stanford University Pain Management Fellowship (2012) CA
  • Internship: University of Brooklyn at Long Island College Hospital (2007) NY
  • Medical Education: University of Medicine and Pharmacy Carol Davila (2003) Romania
  • Board Certification: American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine (2012)
  • Board Certification, American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine (2012)
  • Board Certification: American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatrics (2009)
  • Residency: University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine (2009) IL

Current Research and Scholarly Interests


I do have multiple interests in the ICU: from quality improvement to research, from transplant to palliative care. However, most of my projects are related to transplant medicine and quality improvement. My initial resident QI project changed the way kidney transplant recipients are managed in the immediate postoperative period at University of Illinois at Chicago. My fellowship research looked at pharmacokinetics after liver transplant and my preliminary results are very promising. As part of my scholarly activities for the last 6 months I am conducting a research study, looking at ways to better monitor and manage the pediatric kidney transplant in the ICU by assessing the hemodynamics in the first 48 hours post transplant.
As part of my QI involvement, I am currently mentoring some of the PCCM fellows in longitudinal quality improvement projects such as: sedation in recipients of liver transplantation, ICU outcomes for children receiving bone marrow transplantation.

All Publications


  • 2022 Society of Critical Care Medicine Clinical Practice Guidelines on Prevention and Management of Pain, Agitation, Neuromuscular Blockade, and Delirium in Critically Ill Pediatric Patients With Consideration of the ICU Environment and Early Mobility. Pediatric critical care medicine : a journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies Smith, H. A., Besunder, J. B., Betters, K. A., Johnson, P. N., Srinivasan, V., Stormorken, A., Farrington, E., Golianu, B., Godshall, A. J., Acinelli, L., Almgren, C., Bailey, C. H., Boyd, J. M., Cisco, M. J., Damian, M., deAlmeida, M. L., Fehr, J., Fenton, K. E., Gilliland, F., Grant, M. J., Howell, J., Ruggles, C. A., Simone, S., Su, F., Sullivan, J. E., Tegtmeyer, K., Traube, C., Williams, S., Berkenbosch, J. W. 1800; 23 (2): e74-e110

    Abstract

    RATIONALE: A guideline that both evaluates current practice and provides recommendations to address sedation, pain, and delirium management with regard for neuromuscular blockade and withdrawal is not currently available.OBJECTIVE: To develop comprehensive clinical practice guidelines for critically ill infants and children, with specific attention to seven domains of care including pain, sedation/agitation, iatrogenic withdrawal, neuromuscular blockade, delirium, PICU environment, and early mobility.DESIGN: The Society of Critical Care Medicine Pediatric Pain, Agitation, Neuromuscular Blockade, and Delirium in critically ill pediatric patients with consideration of the PICU Environment and Early Mobility Guideline Taskforce was comprised of 29 national experts who collaborated from 2009 to 2021 via teleconference and/or e-mail at least monthly for planning, literature review, and guideline development, revision, and approval. The full taskforce gathered annually in-person during the Society of Critical Care Medicine Congress for progress reports and further strategizing with the final face-to-face meeting occurring in February 2020. Throughout this process, the Society of Critical Care Medicine standard operating procedures Manual for Guidelines development was adhered to.METHODS: Taskforce content experts separated into subgroups addressing pain/analgesia, sedation, tolerance/iatrogenic withdrawal, neuromuscular blockade, delirium, PICU environment (family presence and sleep hygiene), and early mobility. Subgroups created descriptive and actionable Population, Intervention, Comparison, and Outcome questions. An experienced medical information specialist developed search strategies to identify relevant literature between January 1990 and January 2020. Subgroups reviewed literature, determined quality of evidence, and formulated recommendations classified as "strong" with "we recommend" or "conditional" with "we suggest." Good practice statements were used when indirect evidence supported benefit with no or minimal risk. Evidence gaps were noted. Initial recommendations were reviewed by each subgroup and revised as deemed necessary prior to being disseminated for voting by the full taskforce. Individuals who had an overt or potential conflict of interest abstained from relevant votes. Expert opinion alone was not used in substitution for a lack of evidence.RESULTS: The Pediatric Pain, Agitation, Neuromuscular Blockade, and Delirium in critically ill pediatric patients with consideration of the PICU Environment and Early Mobility taskforce issued 44 recommendations (14 strong and 30 conditional) and five good practice statements.CONCLUSIONS: The current guidelines represent a comprehensive list of practical clinical recommendations for the assessment, prevention, and management of key aspects for the comprehensive critical care of infants and children. Main areas of focus included 1) need for the routine monitoring of pain, agitation, withdrawal, and delirium using validated tools, 2) enhanced use of protocolized sedation and analgesia, and 3) recognition of the importance of nonpharmacologic interventions for enhancing patient comfort and comprehensive care provision.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/PCC.0000000000002873

    View details for PubMedID 35119438

  • Pharmacokinetics of Dexmedetomidine in Infants and Children After Orthotopic Liver Transplantation ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA Damian, M. A., Hammer, G. B., Elkomy, M. H., Frymoyer, A., Drover, D. R., Su, F. 2020; 130 (1): 209–16
  • Triheptanoin: A Rescue Therapy for Cardiogenic Shock in Carnitine-acylcarnitine Translocase Deficiency. JIMD reports Mahapatra, S., Ananth, A., Baugh, N., Damian, M., Enns, G. M. 2018; 39: 19–23

    Abstract

    Carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase (CACT) deficiency is a rare long-chain fatty acid oxidation disorder (LC-FAOD) with high mortality due to cardiomyopathy or lethal arrhythmia. Triheptanoin (UX007), an investigational drug composed of synthetic medium odd-chain triglycerides, is a novel therapy in development for LC-FAOD patients. However, cases of its safe and efficacious use to reverse severe heart failure in CACT deficiency are limited. Here, we present a detailed report of an infant with CACT deficiency admitted in metabolic crisis that progressed into severe cardiogenic shock who was successfully treated by triheptanoin. The child was managed, thereafter, on triheptanoin until her death at 3 years of age from a cardiopulmonary arrest in the setting of acute respiratory illness superimposed on chronic hypercarbic respiratory failure.

    View details for PubMedID 28689308

  • Near-Fatal Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage in a Child with Medulloblastoma on High Dose Dexamethasone. Cureus Yecies, D. n., Tawfik, D. n., Damman, J. n., Thorson, C. n., Hong, D. S., Grant, G. A., Bensen, R. n., Damian, M. n. 2017; 9 (7): e1442

    Abstract

    A four-year-old female was admitted to a university-based children's hospital with a newly-diagnosed posterior fossa tumor. She was started on famotidine and high-dose dexamethasone and underwent gross total resection of a medulloblastoma. She was continued on dexamethasone and famotidine. She exhibited postoperative posterior fossa syndrome and was started on enteral feeds via the nasoduodenal tube. She had small gastrointestinal bleeds on postoperative days eight, 11, and 18, and was found to have a well-circumscribed posterior duodenal ulcer. On postoperative day 19, she suffered a massive life-threatening gastrointestinal bleed requiring aggressive resuscitation with blood products. She required an emergent laparotomy due to ongoing blood loss and she was found to have posterior duodenal wall erosion into her gastroduodenal artery. She recovered and subsequently began delayed chemotherapy. This case demonstrates a rare and life-threatening complication of high-dose dexamethasone therapy in the setting of posterior fossa pathology despite stress ulcer prophylaxis. We present a historical perspective with the review of the association between duodenal and intracranial pathology and the usage of high-dose dexamethasone in such cases.

    View details for PubMedID 28924528