Education & Certifications

  • Masters, Texas A&M University, Biotechnology (2018)

Professional Affiliations and Activities

  • Member, American Society of Cell Biology (2020 - Present)

All Publications

  • Differential Intracellular Protein Distribution in Cancer and Normal Cells-Beta-Catenin and CapG in Gynecologic Malignancies. Cancers Fernandez, M. K., Sinha, M., Renz, M. 2022; 14 (19)


    It is well-established that cancer and normal cells can be differentiated based on the altered sequence and expression of specific proteins. There are only a few examples, however, showing that cancer and normal cells can be differentiated based on the altered distribution of proteins within intracellular compartments. Here, we review available data on shifts in the intracellular distribution of two proteins, the membrane associated beta-catenin and the actin-binding protein CapG. Both proteins show altered distributions in cancer cells compared to normal cells. These changes are noted (i) in steady state and thus can be visualized by immunohistochemistry-beta-catenin shifts from the plasma membrane to the cell nucleus in cancer cells; and (ii) in the dynamic distribution that can only be revealed using the tools of quantitative live cell microscopy-CapG shuttles faster into the cell nucleus of cancer cells. Both proteins may play a role as prognosticators in gynecologic malignancies: beta-catenin in endometrial cancer and CapG in breast and ovarian cancer. Thus, both proteins may serve as examples of altered intracellular protein distribution in cancer and normal cells.

    View details for DOI 10.3390/cancers14194788

    View details for PubMedID 36230711

  • Assessing Protein Interactions in Live-Cells with FRET-Sensitized Emission. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE Vámosi, G. n., Miller, S. n., Sinha, M. n., Mocsár, G. n., Renz, M. n. 2021


    Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) is the radiationless transfer of energy from an excited donor to an acceptor molecule and depends upon the distance and orientation of the molecules as well as the extent of overlap between the donor emission and acceptor absorption spectra. FRET permits to study the interaction of proteins in the living cell over time and in different subcellular compartments. Different intensity-based algorithms to measure FRET using microscopy have been described in the literature. Here, a protocol and an algorithm are provided to quantify FRET efficiency based on measuring both the sensitized emission of the acceptor and quenching of the donor molecule. The quantification of ratiometric FRET in the living cell not only requires the determination of the crosstalk (spectral spill-over, or bleed-through) of the fluorescent proteins but also the detection efficiency of the microscopic setup. The protocol provided here details how to assess these critical parameters.

    View details for DOI 10.3791/62241

    View details for PubMedID 33970141