Honors & Awards

  • American Heart Association Predoctoral Fellowship, American Heart Association (2016-2018)

Education & Certifications

  • M.S., University of California, San Diego, Engineering Sciences, Applied Mechanics (2015)
  • M.S, Universitat de Barcelona, Biomedical Engineering (2013)
  • B.S., Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Aerospace Engineering (2010)

All Publications

  • Hemodynamic variables in aneurysms are associated with thrombotic risk in children with Kawasaki disease. International journal of cardiology Grande Gutierrez, N., Mathew, M., McCrindle, B. W., Tran, J. S., Kahn, A. M., Burns, J. C., Marsden, A. L. 2019


    BACKGROUND: Thrombosis is a major adverse outcome associated with coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) resulting from Kawasaki disease (KD). Clinical guidelines recommend initiation of anticoagulation therapy with maximum CAA diameter (Dmax) ≥8 mm or Z-score ≥ 10. Here, we investigate the role of aneurysm hemodynamics as a superior method for thrombotic risk stratification in KD patients.METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively studied ten KD patients with CAAs, including five patients who developed thrombosis. We constructed patient-specific anatomic models from cardiac magnetic resonance images and performed computational hemodynamic simulations using SimVascular. Our simulations incorporated pulsatile flow, deformable arterial walls and boundary conditions automatically tuned to match patient-specific arterial pressure and cardiac output. From simulation results, we derived local hemodynamic variables including time-averaged wall shear stress (TAWSS), low wall shear stress exposure, and oscillatory shear index (OSI). Local TAWSS was significantly lower in CAAs that developed thrombosis (1.2 ± 0.94 vs. 7.28 ± 9.77 dynes/cm2, p = 0.006) and the fraction of CAA surface area exposed to low wall shear stress was larger (0.69 ± 0.17 vs. 0.25 ± 0.26%, p = 0.005). Similarly, longer residence times were obtained in branches where thrombosis was confirmed (9.07 ± 6.26 vs. 2.05 ± 2.91 cycles, p = 0.004). No significant differences were found for OSI or anatomical measurements such us Dmax and Z-score. Assessment of thrombotic risk according to hemodynamic variables had higher sensitivity and specificity compared to standard clinical metrics (Dmax, Z-score).CONCLUSIONS: Hemodynamic variables can be obtained non-invasively via simulation and may provide improved thrombotic risk stratification compared to current diameter-based metrics, facilitating long-term clinical management of KD patients with persistent CAAs.

    View details for PubMedID 30728104

  • Computational blood flow simulations in Kawasaki disease patients: Insight into coronary artery aneurysm hemodynamics. Global cardiology science & practice Grande Gutierrez, N., Kahn, A., Burns, J. C., Marsden, A. L. 2017; 2017 (3): e201729

    View details for PubMedID 29564350

  • Assessment of Coronary Artery Aneurysms Caused by Kawasaki Disease Using Transluminal Attenuation Gradient Analysis of Computerized Tomography Angiograms. The American journal of cardiology Grande Gutierrez, N., Shirinsky, O., Gagarina, N., Lyskina, G., Fukazawa, R., Ogawa, S., Burns, J. C., Marsden, A. L., Kahn, A. M. 2017; 120 (4): 556–62


    Patients with coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) resulting from Kawasaki disease (KD) are at risk for thrombosis and myocardial infarction. Current guidelines recommend CAA diameter ≥8 mm as the criterion for initiating systemic anticoagulation. Transluminal attenuation gradient (TAG) analysis has been proposed as a noninvasive method for evaluating functional significance of coronary stenoses using computerized tomography angiography (CTA), but has not previously been used in CAA. We hypothesized that abnormal hemodynamics in CAA caused by KD could be quantified using TAG analysis. We studied 23 patients with a history of KD who had undergone clinically indicated CTA. We quantified TAG in the major coronary arteries and aneurysm geometry was characterized using maximum diameter, aneurysm shape index, and sphericity index. A total of 55 coronary arteries were analyzed, 25 of which had at least 1 aneurysmal region. TAG in aneurysmal arteries was significantly lower than in normal arteries (-23.5 ± 10.7 vs -10.5 ± 9.0, p = 0.00002). Aneurysm diameter, aneurysm shape index, and sphericity index were weakly correlated with TAG (r2 = 0.01, p = 0.6; r2 = 0.15, p = 0.06; r2 = 0.16, p = 0.04). This is the first application of TAG analysis to CAA caused by KD, and demonstrates significantly different TAG values in aneurysmal versus normal arteries. Lack of correlation between TAG and CAA geometry suggests that TAG may provide hemodynamic information not available from anatomy alone. TAG represents a possible extension to standard CTA for KD patients who may improve thrombotic risk stratification and aid in clinical decision making.

    View details for PubMedID 28666576

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC6046216