Academic Appointments


Administrative Appointments


  • Research Fellow, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation (2012 - 2014)
  • Fellow, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research (SIEPR) (2011 - Present)
  • Affiliate, Center for Effective Global Action (CEGA) (2009 - Present)
  • Research Affiliate, Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR (2009 - Present)
  • Affiliate, Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD) (2008 - Present)
  • Faculty Research Fellow, National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) (2008 - Present)
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, UCLA (2008 - 2011)
  • Affiliate, Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (JPAL) (2006 - Present)
  • Associate Researcher, Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA) (2006 - Present)
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Dartmouth College (2006 - 2008)
  • Visiting Scholar, NYU (Institute of French Studies) (2003 - 2006)

Honors & Awards


  • Hellman Faculty Scholarship, Stanford University (2012-2013)
  • Nominee, 2012 Best Young French Economist Prize, Le Monde & Le Cercle des Economistes (2012)
  • Excellence in Refereeing Award, Quarterly Journal of Economics (2011, 2012)
  • Excellence in Refereeing Award, American Economic Review (2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015)
  • Winner, 2015 Best Young French Economist Prize, Le Monde & Le Cercle des Economistes (2015)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Foreign Editor, Review of Economic Studies (2014 - 2019)
  • Associate Editor, Econometrica (2014 - Present)
  • Associate Editor, Quarterly Journal of Economics (2014 - Present)
  • Associate Editor, AEJ: Applied Economics (2014 - Present)
  • Member, Advisory Board, Stanford Center for African Studies

Professional Education


  • BA, Ecole Normale Superieure, Economics and Econometrics (1999)
  • MSc., Ecole Normale Superieure, Economic Analysis and Policy (2000)
  • Ph.D., EHESS & PSE-DELTA, Economics (2006)

2018-19 Courses


Stanford Advisees


All Publications


  • HIV prevention among youth: A randomized controlled trial of voluntary counseling and testing for HIV and male condom distribution in rural Kenya. PloS one Duflo, E., Dupas, P., Ginn, T., Barasa, G. M., Baraza, M., Pouliquen, V., Sharma, V. 2019; 14 (7): e0219535

    Abstract

    Voluntary Counseling and Testing for HIV (VCT) and increasing access to male condoms are common strategies to respond to the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Using biological and behavioral outcomes, we compared programs to increase access to VCT, male condoms or both among youth in Western Kenya with the standard available HIV prevention services within this setting.A four arm, unblinded randomized controlled trial.The sample includes 10,245 youth aged 17 to 24 randomly assigned to receive community-based VCT, 150 male condoms, both VCT and condoms, or neither program. All had access to standard HIV services available within their communities. Surveys and blood samples for HSV-2 testing were collected at baseline (2009-2010) and at follow up (2011-2013). VCT was offered to all participants at follow up. HSV-2 prevalence, the primary outcome, was assessed using weighted logistic regressions in an intention-to-treat analysis.For the 7,565 respondents surveyed at follow up, (effective tracking rate = 91%), the weighted HSV-2 prevalence was similar across groups (control group = 10.8%, condoms only group = 9.1%, VCT only group = 10.2%, VCT and condoms group = 11.5%). None of the interventions significantly reduced HSV-2 prevalence; the adjusted odds ratios were 0.87 (95% CI: 0.61-1.25) for condoms only, 0.94 (95% CI: 0.64-1.38) for VCT only, and 1.12 (95% CI: 0.79-1.58) for both interventions. The VCT intervention significantly increased HIV testing (adj OR: 3.54, 95% CI: 2.32-5.41 for VCT only, and adj OR: 5.52, 95% CI: 3.90-7.81 for condoms and VCT group). There were no statistically significant effects on risk of HIV, or on other behavioral or knowledge outcomes including self-reported pregnancy rates.This study suggests that systematic community-based VCT campaigns (in addition to VCT availability at local health clinics) and condom distribution are unlikely on their own to significantly reduce the prevalence of HSV-2 among youth.

    View details for DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0219535

    View details for PubMedID 31361767

  • Banking the Unbanked? Evidence from Three Countries AMERICAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL-APPLIED ECONOMICS Dupas, P., Karlan, D., Robinson, J., Ubfal, D. 2018; 10 (2): 257–97
  • Infrastructure Quality Assessment in Africa using Satellite Imagery and Deep Learning Oshri, B., Hu, A., Adelson, P., Chen, X., Dupas, P., Weinstein, J., Burke, M., Lobell, D., Ermon, S., ACM ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY. 2018: 616–25
  • Risk information, risk salience, and adolescent sexual behavior: Experimental evidence from Cameroon JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC BEHAVIOR & ORGANIZATION Dupas, P., Huillery, E., Seban, J. 2018; 145: 151–75
  • Governance and the effectiveness of public health subsidies: Evidence from Ghana, Kenya and Uganda JOURNAL OF PUBLIC ECONOMICS Dizon-Ross, R., Dupas, P., Robinson, J. 2017; 156: 150–69

    Abstract

    Distributing subsidized health products through existing health infrastructure could substantially and cost-effectively improve health in sub-Saharan Africa. There is, however, widespread concern that poor governance - in particular, limited health worker accountability - seriously undermines the effectiveness of subsidy programs. We audit targeted bednet distribution programs to quantify the extent of agency problems. We find that around 80% of the eligible receive the subsidy as intended, and up to 15% of subsidies are leaked to ineligible people. Supplementing the program with simple financial or monitoring incentives for health workers does not improve performance further and is thus not cost-effective in this context.

    View details for PubMedID 29576663

  • Supply and Demand for Improved Sanitation: Results from Randomized Pricing Experiments in Rural Tanzania ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Peletz, R., Cock-Esteb, A., Ysenburg, D., Haji, S., Khush, R., Dupas, P. 2017; 51 (12): 7138–47

    Abstract

    Improving access to sanitation is a global public health priority. Sufficient consumer demand is required for sanitation coverage to expand through private provision. To measure consumer demand for hygienic latrine platform products in rural Tanzania, we conducted a randomized, voucher-based real-money sales trial with 1638 households with unimproved latrines. We also evaluated multiple supply chain options to determine the costs of supplying latrine platform products to rural households. For concrete latrine SanPlats, 60% of households were willing to pay US$0.48 and 10% of households were willing to pay US$4.05, yet the average cost of supplying the SanPlat to households was US$7.51. Similarly, for plastic sanitary platforms, willingness-to-pay (WTP) dropped from almost 60% at a price of US$1.43 to 5% at a price of US$12.29, compared to an average supply cost of US$23.28. WTP was not significantly different between villages that had participated in the National Sanitation Campaign and those that had not. Randomized informational interventions, including hygiene data-sharing and peer-based exposure to latrine platform products, had minimal effects on WTP. In conclusion, current household demand for latrine platform products is too low to achieve national goals for improved sanitation coverage through fully commercial distribution.

    View details for PubMedID 28562018

  • Targeting health subsidies through a nonprice mechanism: A randomized controlled trial in Kenya. Science Dupas, P., Hoffmann, V., Kremer, M., Zwane, A. P. 2016; 353 (6302): 889-895

    Abstract

    Free provision of preventive health products can markedly increase access in low-income countries. A cost concern about free provision is that some recipients may not use the product, wasting resources (overinclusion). Yet, charging a price to screen out nonusers may screen out poor people who need and would use the product (overexclusion). We report on a randomized controlled trial of a screening mechanism that combines the free provision of chlorine solution for water treatment with a small nonmonetary cost (household vouchers that need to be redeemed monthly in order). Relative to a nonvoucher free distribution program, this mechanism reduces the quantity of chlorine procured by 60 percentage points, but reduces the share of households whose stored water tests positive for chlorine residual by only one percentage point, substantially improving the trade-off between overinclusion and overexclusion.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/science.aaf6288

    View details for PubMedID 27563091

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5003414

  • Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW Duflo, E., Dupas, P., Kremer, M. 2015; 105 (9): 2757-2797
  • Turning a Shove into a Nudge? A "Labeled Cash Transfer" for Education AMERICAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL-ECONOMIC POLICY Benhassine, N., Devoto, F., Duflo, E., Dupas, P., Pouliquen, V. 2015; 7 (3): 86-125
  • School governance, teacher incentives, and pupil-teacher ratios: Experimental evidence from Kenyan primary schools JOURNAL OF PUBLIC ECONOMICS Duflo, E., Dupas, P., Kremer, M. 2015; 123: 92-110
  • Price Subsidies, Diagnostic Tests, and Targeting of Malaria Treatment: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW Cohen, J., Dupas, P., Schaner, S. 2015; 105 (2): 609-645
  • Getting essential health products to their end users: Subsidize, but how much? SCIENCE Dupas, P. 2014; 345 (6202): 1279-1281

    Abstract

    Although coverage rates and health outcomes are improving, many poor people around the world still do not benefit from essential health products. An estimated two-thirds of child deaths could be prevented with increased coverage of products such as vaccines, point-of-use water treatment, iron fortification, and insecticide-treated bednets. What limits the flow of products from the producer's laboratory bench to the end users, and what can be done about it? Recent empirical research suggests a crucial role for heavy subsidies.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/science.1256973

    View details for Web of Science ID 000341483800044

    View details for PubMedID 25214612

  • Global Health Systems: Pricing and User Fees Encyclopedia of Health Economics Dupas, P. edited by Culyer, A. J. Elsevier, San Diego. 2014: 136–141
  • SHORT-RUN SUBSIDIES AND LONG-RUN ADOPTION OF NEW HEALTH PRODUCTS: EVIDENCE FROM A FIELD EXPERIMENT. Econometrica : journal of the Econometric Society Dupas, P. 2014; 82 (1): 197–228

    Abstract

    Short-run subsidies for health products are common in poor countries. How do they affect long-run adoption? A common fear among development practitioners is that one-off subsidies may negatively affect long-run adoption through reference-dependence: People might anchor around the subsidized price and be unwilling to pay more for the product later. But for experience goods, one-off subsidies could also boost long-run adoption through learning. This paper uses data from a two-stage randomized pricing experiment in Kenya to estimate the relative importance of these effects for a new, improved antimalarial bed net. Reduced form estimates show that a one-time subsidy has a positive impact on willingness to pay a year later inherit. To separately identify the learning and anchoring effects, we estimate a parsimonious experience-good model. Estimation results show a large, positive learning effect but no anchoring. We black then discuss the types of products and the contexts inherit for which these results may apply.

    View details for PubMedID 25308977

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4193678

  • SHORT-RUN SUBSIDIES AND LONG-RUN ADOPTION OF NEW HEALTH PRODUCTS: EVIDENCE FROM A FIELD EXPERIMENT ECONOMETRICA Dupas, P. 2014; 82 (1): 197-228

    View details for DOI 10.3982/ECTA9508

    View details for Web of Science ID 000331276700005

  • Why Don't the Poor Save More? Evidence from Health Savings Experiments AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW Dupas, P., Robinson, J. 2013; 103 (4): 1138-1171
  • Savings Constraints and Microenterprise Development: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya AMERICAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL-APPLIED ECONOMICS Dupas, P., Robinson, J. 2013; 5 (1): 163-192
  • Why Don’t the Poor Save More? Evidence from Health Savings Experiments. The American economic review Dupas, P., Robinson, J. 2013; 103 (4): 1138–71

    Abstract

    Using data from a field experiment in Kenya, we document that providing individuals with simple informal savings technologies can substantially increase investment in preventative health and reduce vulnerability to health shocks. Simply providing a safe place to keep money was sufficient to increase health savings by 66 percent. Adding an earmarking feature was only helpful when funds were put toward emergencies, or for individuals that are frequently taxed by friends and relatives. Group-based savings and credit schemes had very large effects.

    View details for PubMedID 29533047

  • Happiness on Tap: Piped Water Adoption in Urban Morocco AMERICAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL-ECONOMIC POLICY Devoto, F., Duflo, E., Dupas, P., Pariente, W., Pons, V. 2012; 4 (4): 68-99

    View details for DOI 10.1257/pol.4.4.68

    View details for Web of Science ID 000310565800003

  • The (hidden) costs of political instability: Evidence from Kenya's 2007 election crisis JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Dupas, P., Robinson, J. 2012; 99 (2): 314-329
  • Inferring welfare maximizing treatment assignment under budget constraints JOURNAL OF ECONOMETRICS Bhattacharya, D., Dupas, P. 2012; 167 (1): 168-196
  • Peer Effects and the Impact of Tracking: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Kenya Ametican Economic Review Duflo, E., Dupas, P., Kremer, M. 2011; 101 (5): 1739-74
  • Challenges in Banking the Rural Poor: Evidence from Kenya's Western Province NBER Africa Conference Volume Dupas, P. 2011
  • Do Teenagers Respond to HIV Risk Information? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya AMERICAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL-APPLIED ECONOMICS Dupas, P. 2011; 3 (1): 1-34

    View details for DOI 10.1257/app.3.1.1

    View details for Web of Science ID 000287105100001

  • Health Behavior in Developing Countries ANNUAL REVIEW OF ECONOMICS, VOL 3 Dupas, P. 2011; 3: 425-449
  • Coping with Political Instability: Micro Evidence from Kenya's 2007 Election Crisis 122nd Annual Meeting of the American-Economics-Association Dupas, P., Robinson, J. AMER ECONOMIC ASSOC. 2010: 120–24
  • FREE DISTRIBUTION OR COST-SHARING? EVIDENCE FROM A RANDOMIZED MALARIA PREVENTION EXPERIMENT QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS Cohen, J., Dupas, P. 2010; 125 (1): 1-45
  • What Matters (and What Does Not) in Households' Decision to Invest in Malaria Prevention? 121st Annual Meeting of the American-Economic-Association Dupas, P. AMER ECONOMIC ASSOC. 2009: 224–30
  • Can Tracking Improve Learning? Evidence from Kenya Education Next Duflo, E., Dupas, P., Kremer, M. 2009; 9 (3): 64-70
  • Comparing the Paths of the Unemployed in France and the United States Economie et Statistique Cohen, D., Dupas, P. 2000; 332-333: 17-36