Ronglih Liao, Postdoctoral Faculty Sponsor
Remote Ischemic Perconditioning Ameliorates Myocardial Ischemia and Reperfusion-Induced Coronary Endothelial Dysfunction and Aortic Stiffness in Rats.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology and therapeutics
BACKGROUND: Vascular stiffness and endothelial dysfunction are accelerated by acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and subsequently increase the risk for recurrent coronary events.AIM: To explore whether remote ischemic perconditioning (RIPerc) protects against coronary and aorta endothelial dysfunction as well as aortic stiffness following AMI.METHODS: Male OFA-1 rats were subjected to 30 min of occlusion of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) followed by reperfusion either 3 or 28 days with or without RIPerc. Three groups: (1) sham operated (Sham, without LAD occlusion); (2) myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (MIR) and (3) MIR + RIPerc group with 3 cycles of 5 minutes of IR on hindlimb performed during myocardial ischemia were used. Assessment of vascular reactivity in isolated septal coronary arteries (non-occluded) and aortic rings as well as aortic stiffness was assessed by wire myography either 3 or 28 days after AMI, respectively. Markers of pro-inflammatory cytokines, adhesion molecules were assessed by RT-qPCR and ELISA.RESULTS: MIR promotes impaired endothelial-dependent relaxation in septal coronary artery segments, increased aortic stiffness and adverse left ventricular remodeling. These changes were markedly attenuated in rats treated with RIPerc and associated with a significant decline in P-selectin, IL-6 and TNF-alpha expression either in infarcted or non-infarcted myocardial tissue samples.CONCLUSIONS: Our study for the first time demonstrated that RIPerc alleviates MIR-induced coronary artery endothelial dysfunction in non-occluded artery segments and attenuates aortic stiffness in rats. The vascular protective effects of RIPerc are associated with ameliorated inflammation and might therefore be caused by reduced inflammatory signaling.
View details for DOI 10.1177/10742484211031327
View details for PubMedID 34342526